Ecclesiastes 2:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
All their days their work is grief and pain; even at night their minds do not rest. This too is meaningless.

King James Bible
For all his days are sorrows, and his travail grief; yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity.

Darby Bible Translation
For all his days are sorrows, and his travail vexation: even in the night his heart taketh no rest. This also is vanity.

World English Bible
For all his days are sorrows, and his travail is grief; yes, even in the night his heart takes no rest. This also is vanity.

Young's Literal Translation
For all his days are sorrows, and his travail sadness; even at night his heart hath not lain down; this also is vanity.

Ecclesiastes 2:23 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

His days are sorrows - What a picture of human life where the heart is not filled with the peace and love of God! All his days are sorrows; all his labors griefs; all his nights restless; for he has no portion but merely what earth can give; and that is embittered by the labor of acquisition, and the disappointment in the using.

This is also vanity - Emptiness of good and substantial misery.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

all

Genesis 47:9 And Jacob said to Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years...

Job 5:7 Yet man is born to trouble, as the sparks fly upward.

Job 14:1 Man that is born of a woman is of few days and full of trouble.

Psalm 90:7-10,15 For we are consumed by your anger, and by your wrath are we troubled...

Psalm 127:2 It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for so he gives his beloved sleep.

his heart

Ecclesiastes 5:12 The sleep of a laboring man is sweet, whether he eat little or much: but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep.

Esther 6:1 On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles...

Job 7:13,14 When I say, My bed shall comfort me, my couch shall ease my complaints...

Psalm 6:6,7 I am weary with my groaning; all the night make I my bed to swim; I water my couch with my tears...

Psalm 32:4 For day and night your hand was heavy on me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah.

Psalm 77:2-4 In the day of my trouble I sought the Lord: my sore ran in the night, and ceased not: my soul refused to be comforted...

Daniel 6:18 Then the king went to his palace, and passed the night fasting: neither were instruments of music brought before him...

Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue in the faith...

Library
Of Spiritual Aridity
Of Spiritual Aridity Though God hath no other desire than to impart Himself to the loving soul that seeks Him, yet He frequently conceals Himself that the soul may be roused from sloth, and impelled to seek Him with fidelity and love. But with what abundant goodness doth He recompense the faithfulness of His beloved? And how sweetly are these apparent withdrawings of Himself succeeded by the consoling caresses of love? At these seasons we are apt to believe, either that it proves our fidelity, and
Madame Guyon—A Short and Easy Method of Prayer

Introduction to the "Theological" Orations.
"It has been said with truth," says the writer of the Article on Gregory of Nazianzus in the Dictionary of Christian Biography, "that these discourses would lose their chief charm in a translation....Critics have rivalled each other in the praises they have heaped upon them, but no praise is so high as that of the many Theologians who have found in them their own best thoughts. A Critic who cannot be accused of partiality towards Gregory has given in a few words perhaps the truest estimate of them:
St. Cyril of Jerusalem—Lectures of S. Cyril of Jerusalem

James the Brother of the Lord.
He pistis choris ergon nekra estin.--James 2:26 Sources. I. Genuine sources: Acts 12:17; 15:13; 21:18; 1 Cor. 15:7; Gal. 1:19; 2:9, 12. Comp. James "the brother of the Lord," Matt. 13:55; Mark 6:3; Gal. 1:19. The Epistle of James. II. Post-apostolic: Josephus: Ant. XX. 9, 1.--Hegesippus in Euseb. Hist. Ecc. II. ch. 23.--Jerome: Catal. vir. ill. c. 2, under "Jacobus." Epiphanius, Haer. XXIX. 4; XXX. 16; LXXVIII. 13 sq. III. Apocryphal: Protevangelium Jacobi, ed. in Greek by Tischendorf, in "Evangelia
Philip Schaff—History of the Christian Church, Volume I

"And These Things Write we unto You, that Your Joy May be Full. "
1 John i. 4.--"And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full." All motions tend to rest and quietness. We see it daily in the motions below, and we believe it also of the circular revolutions of the heavens above, that there is a day coming in which they shall cease, as having performed all they were appointed for. And as it is in things natural, so it is in things rational in a more eminent way. Their desires, affections, and actions, which are the motions and stretches of the soul
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

Cross References
Genesis 3:17
To Adam he said, "Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, 'You must not eat from it,' "Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat food from it all the days of your life.

Job 5:7
Yet man is born to trouble as surely as sparks fly upward.

Job 14:1
"Mortals, born of woman, are of few days and full of trouble.

Psalm 127:2
In vain you rise early and stay up late, toiling for food to eat-- for he grants sleep to those he loves.

Ecclesiastes 1:13
I applied my mind to study and to explore by wisdom all that is done under the heavens. What a heavy burden God has laid on mankind!

Ecclesiastes 1:18
For with much wisdom comes much sorrow; the more knowledge, the more grief.

Ecclesiastes 2:11
Yet when I surveyed all that my hands had done and what I had toiled to achieve, everything was meaningless, a chasing after the wind; nothing was gained under the sun.

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