Ecclesiastes 4:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And I declared that the dead, who had already died, are happier than the living, who are still alive.

King James Bible
Wherefore I praised the dead which are already dead more than the living which are yet alive.

Darby Bible Translation
Then I praised the dead who are already dead more than the living who are yet alive;

World English Bible
Therefore I praised the dead who have been long dead more than the living who are yet alive.

Young's Literal Translation
And I am praising the dead who have already died above the living who are yet alive.

Ecclesiastes 4:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Wherefore I praised the dead - I considered those happy who had escaped from the pilgrimage of life to the place where the wicked cease from troubling, and where the weary are at rest.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ecclesiastes 2:17 Therefore I hated life; because the work that is worked under the sun is grievous to me: for all is vanity and vexation of spirit.

Ecclesiastes 9:4-6 For to him that is joined to all the living there is hope: for a living dog is better than a dead lion...

Job 3:17-21 There the wicked cease from troubling; and there the weary be at rest...

Library
The Order of Thought which Surrounded the Development of Jesus.
As the cooled earth no longer permits us to understand the phenomena of primitive creation, because the fire which penetrated it is extinct, so deliberate explanations have always appeared somewhat insufficient when applying our timid methods of induction to the revolutions of the creative epochs which have decided the fate of humanity. Jesus lived at one of those times when the game of public life is freely played, and when the stake of human activity is increased a hundredfold. Every great part,
Ernest Renan—The Life of Jesus

The Upbringing of Jewish Children
The tenderness of the bond which united Jewish parents to their children appears even in the multiplicity and pictorialness of the expressions by which the various stages of child-life are designated in the Hebrew. Besides such general words as "ben" and "bath"--"son" and "daughter"--we find no fewer than nine different terms, each depicting a fresh stage of life. The first of these simply designates the babe as the newly--"born"--the "jeled," or, in the feminine, "jaldah"--as in Exodus 2:3, 6, 8.
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life

Cross References
Job 3:11
"Why did I not perish at birth, and die as I came from the womb?

Ecclesiastes 2:17
So I hated life, because the work that is done under the sun was grievous to me. All of it is meaningless, a chasing after the wind.

Ecclesiastes 7:1
A good name is better than fine perfume, and the day of death better than the day of birth.

Jeremiah 22:10
Do not weep for the dead king or mourn his loss; rather, weep bitterly for him who is exiled, because he will never return nor see his native land again.

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