Esther 3:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
After these events, King Xerxes honored Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, elevating him and giving him a seat of honor higher than that of all the other nobles.

King James Bible
After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.

Darby Bible Translation
After these things king Ahasuerus promoted Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him.

World English Bible
After these things King Ahasuerus promoted Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes who were with him.

Young's Literal Translation
After these things hath the king Ahasuerus exalted Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and lifteth him up, and setteth his throne above all the heads who are with him,

Esther 3:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Haman - the Agagite - Perhaps he was some descendant of that Agag, king of the Amalekites, spared by Saul, but destroyed by Samuel; and on this ground might have an antipathy to the Jews.

Set his seat above all the princes - Made him his prime minister, and put all the officers of state under his direction.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

3551. B.C.

453. promote Haman.

Esther 7:6 And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.

Psalm 12:8 The wicked walk on every side, when the vilest men are exalted.

Proverbs 29:2 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked bears rule, the people mourn.

Agagite.

Numbers 24:7 He shall pour the water out of his buckets, and his seed shall be in many waters, and his king shall be higher than Agag...

1 Samuel 15:8,33 And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword...

above all the princes.

Esther 1:14 And the next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan...

Genesis 41:40,55 You shall be over my house, and according to your word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than you...

Ezra 7:14 For as much as you are sent of the king, and of his seven counsellors, to inquire concerning Judah and Jerusalem...

Daniel 6:2 And over these three presidents; of whom Daniel was first: that the princes might give accounts to them...

Library
The Net Spread
'After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him. 2. And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence. 3. Then the king's servants which were in the king's gate, said unto Mordecai, Why transgressest thou the king's commandment? 4. Now it came to pass, when
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

In the Days of Queen Esther
Under the favor shown them by Cyrus, nearly fifty thousand of the children of the captivity had taken advantage of the decree permitting their return. These, however, in comparison with the hundreds of thousands scattered throughout the provinces of Medo-Persia, were but a mere remnant. The great majority of the Israelites had chosen to remain in the land of their exile rather than undergo the hardships of the return journey and the re-establishment of their desolated cities and homes. A score or
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

Cross References
1 Samuel 15:8
He took Agag king of the Amalekites alive, and all his people he totally destroyed with the sword.

Esther 3:10
So the king took his signet ring from his finger and gave it to Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of the Jews.

Esther 5:11
Haman boasted to them about his vast wealth, his many sons, and all the ways the king had honored him and how he had elevated him above the other nobles and officials.

Esther 8:3
Esther again pleaded with the king, falling at his feet and weeping. She begged him to put an end to the evil plan of Haman the Agagite, which he had devised against the Jews.

Ecclesiastes 10:6
Fools are put in many high positions, while the rich occupy the low ones.

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