Exodus 15:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"The LORD is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation. He is my God, and I will praise him, my father's God, and I will exalt him.

King James Bible
The LORD is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father's God, and I will exalt him.

Darby Bible Translation
My strength and song is Jah, and he is become my salvation: This is my God, and I will glorify him; My father's God, and I will extol him.

World English Bible
Yah is my strength and song. He has become my salvation. This is my God, and I will praise him; my father's God, and I will exalt him.

Young's Literal Translation
My strength and song is JAH, And He is become my salvation: This is my God, and I glorify Him; God of my father, and I exalt Him.

Exodus 15:2 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The Lord is my strength and song - How judiciously are the members of this sentence arranged! He who has God for his strength, will have him for his song; and he to whom Jehovah is become salvation, will exalt his name. Miserably and untunably, in the ears of God, does that man sing praises, who is not saved by the grace of Christ, nor strengthened by the power of his might.

It is worthy of observation that the word which we translate Lord here, is not יהוה JEHOVAH in the original, but יה Jah; "as if by abbreviation," says Mr. Parkhurst, "for יהיה yeheieh or יהי yehi. It signifies the Essence Ὁ ΩΝ, He who Is, simply, absolutely, and independently. The relation between יה Jah and the verb היה to subsist, exist, be, is intimated to us the first time יה Jah is used in Scripture, (Exodus 15:2): 'My strength and my song is יה Jah, and he is become (ויהי vajehi) to me salvation.'" See Psalm 68:5; Psalm 89:6; Psalm 94:7; Psalm 115:17, Psalm 115:18; Psalm 118:17.

Jah יה is several times joined with the name Jehovah יהוה so that we may be sure that it is not, as some have supposed, a mere abbreviation of that word. See Isaiah 12:2; Isaiah 26:4. Our blessed Lord solemnly claims to himself what is intended in this Divine name יה Jah, John 8:58 : "Before Abraham was, (γενεσθαι, was born), εγω ειμι, I Am," not I was, but I am, plainly intimating his Divine eternal existence. Compare Isaiah 43:13. And the Jews appear to have well understood him, for then took they up stones to cast at him as a blasphemer. Compare Colossians 1:16, Colossians 1:17, where the Apostle Paul, after asserting that all things that are in heaven and that are in earth, visible and invisible, were created, εκτισται, by and for Christ, adds And He Is (αυτος εστι, not ην, was) before all things, and by him all things συνεστηκε, have subsisted, and still subsist. See Parkhurst.

From this Divine name יה Jah the ancient Greeks had their Ιη, Ιη, in their invocations of the gods, particularly of Apollo (the uncompounded One) the light; and hence ei, written after the oriental manner from right to left, afterwards ie, was inscribed over the great door of the temple at Delphi! See Clarke's note on Exodus 3:14, and the concluding observations there.

I will prepare him a habitation - ואנוהו veanvehu. It has been supposed that Moses, by this expression, intended the building of the tabernacle; but it seems to come in very strangely in this place. Most of the ancient versions understood the original in a very different sense. The Vulgate has et glorificabo eum; the Septuagint δοξασω αυτον, I will Glorify him; with which the Syriac, Coptic, the Targum of Jonathan, and the Jerusalem Targum, agree. From the Targum of Onkelos the present translation seems to have been originally derived; he has translated the place ואבני לה מקדש veebnei leh makdash, "And I will build him a sanctuary," which not one of the other versions, the Persian excepted, acknowledges. Our own old translations are generally different from the present: Coverdale, "This my God, I will magnify him;" Matthew's, Cranmer's, and the Bishops' Bible, render it glorify, and the sense of the place seems to require it. Calmet, Houbigant, Kennicott, and other critics, contend for this translation.

My father's God - I believe Houbigant to be right, who translates the original, אלהי אבי Elohey abi, Deus meus, pater meus est, "My God is my Father." Every man may call the Divine Being his God; but only those who are his children by adoption through grace can call him their Father. This is a privilege which God has given to none but his children. See Galatians 4:6.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Psalm 18:1,2 I will love you, O LORD, my strength...

Psalm 27:1 The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?

Psalm 28:8 The LORD is their strength, and he is the saving strength of his anointed.

Psalm 59:17 To you, O my strength, will I sing: for God is my defense, and the God of my mercy.

Psalm 62:6,7 He only is my rock and my salvation: he is my defense; I shall not be moved...

Psalm 118:14 The LORD is my strength and song, and is become my salvation.

Habakkuk 3:17-19 Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit be in the vines; the labor of the olive shall fail...

Philippians 4:13 I can do all things through Christ which strengthens me.


Deuteronomy 10:21 He is your praise, and he is your God, that has done for you these great and terrible things, which your eyes have seen.

Psalm 22:3 But you are holy, O you that inhabit the praises of Israel.

Psalm 109:1 Hold not your peace, O God of my praise;

Psalm 140:7 O GOD the Lord, the strength of my salvation, you have covered my head in the day of battle.

Revelation 15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are your works...

my salvation

Exodus 14:13 And Moses said to the people, Fear you not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will show to you to day...

2 Samuel 22:51 He is the tower of salvation for his king: and shows mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for ever more.

Psalm 68:20 He that is our God is the God of salvation; and to GOD the Lord belong the issues from death.

Isaiah 12:2 Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song...

Isaiah 45:17 But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: you shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.

Isaiah 49:6 And he said, It is a light thing that you should be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel...

Jeremiah 3:23 Truly in vain is salvation hoped for from the hills, and from the multitude of mountains...

Luke 1:77 To give knowledge of salvation to his people by the remission of their sins,

Luke 2:30 For my eyes have seen your salvation,

John 4:22 You worship you know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews.

Acts 4:12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.

Revelation 19:1 And after these things I heard a great voice of much people in heaven, saying, Alleluia; Salvation, and glory, and honor, and power...

my God

Exodus 4:22 And you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus said the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn:

Genesis 17:7 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed after you in their generations for an everlasting covenant...

Psalm 22:10 I was cast on you from the womb: you are my God from my mother's belly.

Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, said the LORD...

Jeremiah 32:33 And they have turned to me the back, and not the face: though I taught them, rising up early and teaching them...

Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried...

an habitation

Exodus 40:34 Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.

Genesis 28:21,22 So that I come again to my father's house in peace; then shall the LORD be my God...

2 Samuel 7:5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus said the LORD, Shall you build me an house for me to dwell in?

1 Kings 8:13,27 I have surely built you an house to dwell in, a settled place for you to abide in for ever...

Psalm 132:5 Until I find out a place for the LORD, an habitation for the mighty God of Jacob.

Isaiah 66:1 Thus said the LORD, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that you build to me?...

2 Corinthians 5:19 To wit, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself, not imputing their trespasses to them...

Ephesians 2:22 In whom you also are built together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.

Colossians 2:9 For in him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily.

my father's God

Exodus 3:15,16 And God said moreover to Moses, Thus shall you say to the children of Israel, the LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham...

exalt him

2 Samuel 22:47 The LORD lives; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.

Psalm 18:46 The LORD lives; and blessed be my rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted.

Psalm 30:1 I will extol you, O LORD; for you have lifted me up, and have not made my foes to rejoice over me.

Psalm 34:3 O magnify the LORD with me, and let us exalt his name together.

Psalm 99:5,9 Exalt you the LORD our God, and worship at his footstool; for he is holy...

Psalm 118:28 You are my God, and I will praise you: you are my God, I will exalt you.

Psalm 145:1 I will extol you, my God, O king; and I will bless your name for ever and ever.

Isaiah 25:1 O Lord, you are my God; I will exalt you, I will praise your name; for you have done wonderful things...

John 5:23 That all men should honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He that honors not the Son honors not the Father which has sent him.

Philippians 2:11 And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

Revelation 5:9-14 And they sung a new song, saying, You are worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for you were slain...

October 5. "He Hath Triumphed Gloriously" (Ex. xv. 1).
"He hath triumphed gloriously" (Ex. xv. 1). Beloved, God calls us to victory. Have any of you given up the conflict, have you surrendered? Have you said, "This thing is too much"? Have you said, "I can give up anything else but this"? If you have, you are not in the land of promise. God means you should accept every difficult thing that comes in your life. He has started with you, knowing every difficulty. And if you dare to let Him, He will carry you through not only to be conquerors, but "more
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

The Ultimate Hope
Thou shalt bring them in and plant them in the mountain of Thine inheritance....'--EXODUS xv. 17. I. The lesson taught by each present deliverance and kindness is that we shall be brought to His rest at last. (a) Daily mercies are a pledge and a pattern of His continuous acts. The confidence that we shall be kept is based upon no hard doctrine of final perseverance, but on the assurance that God is always the same, like the sunshine which has poured out for all these millenniums and still rushes
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Salvation Published from the Mountains
O Zion, that bringest good tidings, get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid: say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God! I t would be improper to propose an alteration, though a slight one, in the reading of a text, without bearing my testimony to the great value of our English version, which I believe, in point of simplicity, strength, and fidelity, is not likely to be excelled by a new translation
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 1

The Personality of Power.
A Personally Conducted Journey. Everyone enjoys the pleasure of travel; but nearly all shrink back from its tiresomeness and drudgery. The transportation companies are constantly scheming to overcome this disagreeable side for both pleasure and business travel. One of the popular ways of pleasure travel of late is by means of personally conducted tours. A party is formed, often by the railroad company, and is accompanied by a special agent to attend to all the business matters of the trip. A variation
S.D. Gordon—Quiet Talks on Power

Cross References
Genesis 49:18
"I look for your deliverance, LORD.

Exodus 3:6
Then he said, "I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob." At this, Moses hid his face, because he was afraid to look at God.

Exodus 3:15
God also said to Moses, "Say to the Israelites, 'The LORD, the God of your fathers--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob--has sent me to you.' "This is my name forever, the name you shall call me from generation to generation.

Exodus 14:13
Moses answered the people, "Do not be afraid. Stand firm and you will see the deliverance the LORD will bring you today. The Egyptians you see today you will never see again.

Judges 5:21
The river Kishon swept them away, the age-old river, the river Kishon. March on, my soul; be strong!

2 Samuel 22:47
"The LORD lives! Praise be to my Rock! Exalted be my God, the Rock, my Savior!

Psalm 18:1
For the director of music. Of David the servant of the LORD. He sang to the LORD the words of this song when the LORD delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. He said: I love you, LORD, my strength.

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