Exodus 18:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Teach them his decrees and instructions, and show them the way they are to live and how they are to behave.

King James Bible
And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do.

Darby Bible Translation
and teach them the statutes and the laws, and make known to them the way in which they must walk, and the work that they must do.

World English Bible
You shall teach them the statutes and the laws, and shall show them the way in which they must walk, and the work that they must do.

Young's Literal Translation
and thou hast warned them concerning the statutes and the laws, and hast made known to them the way in which they go, and the work which they do.

Exodus 18:20 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Thou shalt teach them ordinances - חקים chukkim, all such precepts as relate to the ceremonies of religion and political economy. And laws, התורת hattoroth, the instructions relative to the whole system of morality.

And shalt show them the way - אה הדרך eth hadderech, That very Way, that only way, which God himself has revealed, and in which they should walk in order to please him, and get their souls everlastingly saved.

And the work that they must do - For it was not sufficient that they should know their duty both to God and man, but they must Do it too; יעשון yaasun, they must do it diligently, fervently, effectually; for the paragogic nun deepens and extends the meaning of the verb.

What a very comprehensive form of a preacher's duty does this verse exhibit! 1. He must instruct the people in the nature, use, and importance of the ordinances of religion. 2. He must lay before them the whole moral law, and their obligations to fulfill all its precepts. 3. He must point out to each his particular duty, and what is expected of him in his situation, connections, etc. And, 4. He must set them all their work, and see that they do it. On such a plan as this he will have full opportunity to show the people, 1. Their sin, ignorance, and folly; 2. The pure and holy law which they have broken, and by which they are condemned; 3. The grace of God that bringeth salvation, by which they are to be justified and finally saved; and, 4. The necessity of showing their faith by their works; not only denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, but living soberly, righteously, and godly in this present world, looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Savior, Jesus Christ.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Exodus 18:16 When they have a matter, they come to me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God...

Deuteronomy 4:1,5 Now therefore listen, O Israel, to the statutes and to the judgments, which I teach you, for to do them, that you may live...

Deuteronomy 5:1 And Moses called all Israel, and said to them, Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your ears this day...

Deuteronomy 6:1,2 Now these are the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD your God commanded to teach you...

Deuteronomy 7:11 You shall therefore keep the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, which I command you this day, to do them.

Nehemiah 9:13,14 You came down also on mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them right judgments, and true laws...

the way

1 Samuel 12:23 Moreover as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD in ceasing to pray for you...

Psalm 32:8 I will instruct you and teach you in the way which you shall go: I will guide you with my eye.

Psalm 143:8 Cause me to hear your loving kindness in the morning; for in you do I trust: cause me to know the way wherein I should walk...

Isaiah 30:21 And your ears shall hear a word behind you, saying, This is the way, walk you in it, when you turn to the right hand...

Jeremiah 6:16 Thus said the LORD, Stand you in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein...

Jeremiah 42:3 That the LORD your God may show us the way wherein we may walk, and the thing that we may do.

Micah 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob...

1 Thessalonians 4:1 Furthermore then we beseech you, brothers, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus...


Deuteronomy 1:18 And I commanded you at that time all the things which you should do.

Ezekiel 3:17 Son of man, I have made you a watchman to the house of Israel: therefore hear the word at my mouth, and give them warning from me.

Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: and, see, I am with you always, even to the end of the world. Amen.

Mark 13:34 For the Son of Man is as a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work...

2 Thessalonians 3:6-12 Now we command you, brothers, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ...

The Ideal Statesman [Footnote: Preached on Occasion of Mr. Gladstone's Death. ]
'Thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them.'--EXODUS xviii. 21. You will have anticipated my purpose in selecting this text. I should be doing violence to your feelings and mine if I made no reference to the event which has united the Empire and the world in one sentiment. The great tree has fallen, and the crash has for the moment silenced all the sounds of the forest. Wars abroad and controversies at home are
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Development of the Earlier Old Testament Laws
[Sidenote: First the principle, and then the detailed laws] If the canon of the New Testament had remained open as long as did that of the Old, there is little doubt that it also would have contained many laws, legal precedents, and ecclesiastical histories. From the writings of the Church Fathers and the records of the Catholic Church it is possible to conjecture what these in general would have been. The early history of Christianity illustrates the universal fact that the broad principles are
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament

Cross References
Deuteronomy 1:18
And at that time I told you everything you were to do.

Deuteronomy 4:1
Now, Israel, hear the decrees and laws I am about to teach you. Follow them so that you may live and may go in and take possession of the land the LORD, the God of your ancestors, is giving you.

Deuteronomy 4:5
See, I have taught you decrees and laws as the LORD my God commanded me, so that you may follow them in the land you are entering to take possession of it.

Deuteronomy 5:1
Moses summoned all Israel and said: Hear, Israel, the decrees and laws I declare in your hearing today. Learn them and be sure to follow them.

Psalm 143:8
Let the morning bring me word of your unfailing love, for I have put my trust in you. Show me the way I should go, for to you I entrust my life.

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