Exodus 21:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"If you buy a Hebrew servant, he is to serve you for six years. But in the seventh year, he shall go free, without paying anything.

King James Bible
If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.

Darby Bible Translation
If thou buy a Hebrew bondman, six years shall he serve; and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.

World English Bible
"If you buy a Hebrew servant, he shall serve six years and in the seventh he shall go out free without paying anything.

Young's Literal Translation
'When thou buyest a Hebrew servant -- six years he doth serve, and in the seventh he goeth out as a freeman for nought;

Exodus 21:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

If thou buy a Hebrew servant - Calmet enumerates six different ways in which a Hebrew might lose his liberty:

1. In extreme poverty they might sell their liberty. Leviticus 25:39 : If thy brother be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee, etc.

2. A father might sell his children. If a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant; see Exodus 21:7.

3. Insolvent debtors became the slaves of their creditors. My husband is dead - and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen, 2 Kings 4:1.

4. A thief, if he had not money to pay the fine laid on him by the law, was to be sold for his profit whom he had robbed. If he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft; Exodus 22:3, Exodus 22:4.

5. A Hebrew was liable to be taken prisoner in war, and so sold for a slave.

6. A Hebrew slave who had been ransomed from a Gentile by a Hebrew might be sold by him who ransomed him, to one of his own nation.

Six years he shall serve - It was an excellent provision in these laws, that no man could finally injure himself by any rash, foolish, or precipitate act. No man could make himself a servant or slave for more than seven years; and if he mortgaged the family inheritance, it must return to the family at the jubilee, which returned every fiftieth year.

It is supposed that the term six years is to be understood as referring to the sabbatical years; for let a man come into servitude at whatever part of the interim between two sabbatical years, he could not be detained in bondage beyond a sabbatical year; so that if he fell into bondage the third year after a sabbatical year, he had but three years to serve; if the fifth, but one. See Clarke's note on Exodus 23:11, etc. Others suppose that this privilege belonged only to the year of jubilee, beyond which no man could be detained in bondage, though he had been sold only one year before.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

an Hebrew

Exodus 12:44 But every man's servant that is bought for money, when you have circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

Exodus 22:3 If the sun be risen on him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing...

Genesis 27:28,36 Therefore God give you of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine...

Leviticus 25:39-41,44 And if your brother that dwells by you be waxen poor, and be sold to you; you shall not compel him to serve as a bondservant...

2 Kings 4:1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets to Elisha, saying, Your servant my husband is dead...

Nehemiah 5:1-5,8 And there was a great cry of the people and of their wives against their brothers the Jews...

Matthew 18:25 But for as much as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had...

1 Corinthians 6:20 For you are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.

and in the

Leviticus 25:40-43,45 But as an hired servant, and as a sojourner, he shall be with you, and shall serve you to the year of jubilee...

Deuteronomy 15:1,12-15,18 At the end of every seven years you shall make a release...

Deuteronomy 31:10 And Moses commanded them, saying, At the end of every seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release...

Jeremiah 34:8-17 This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD...

Library
The Development of the Earlier Old Testament Laws
[Sidenote: First the principle, and then the detailed laws] If the canon of the New Testament had remained open as long as did that of the Old, there is little doubt that it also would have contained many laws, legal precedents, and ecclesiastical histories. From the writings of the Church Fathers and the records of the Catholic Church it is possible to conjecture what these in general would have been. The early history of Christianity illustrates the universal fact that the broad principles are
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament

A Discourse of the Building, Nature, Excellency, and Government of the House of God; with Counsels and Directions to the Inhabitants Thereof.
BY JOHN BUNYAN, OF BEDFORD. 'Lord, I have loved the habitation of thy house, and the place where thine honour dwelleth.'--Psalm 26:8 ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR. Beautiful in its simplicity is this treatise on the Church of Christ, by John Bunyan. He opens, with profound knowledge and eminent skill, all those portions of sacred writ which illustrate the nature, excellency, and government of the house of God, with the personal and relative duties of its inhabitants. It was originally published in
John Bunyan—The Works of John Bunyan Volumes 1-3

Councils of Ariminum and Seleucia.
Part I. History of the Councils. Reason why two Councils were called. Inconsistency and folly of calling any; and of the style of the Arian formularies; occasion of the Nicene Council; proceedings at Ariminum; Letter of the Council to Constantius; its decree. Proceedings at Seleucia; reflections on the conduct of the Arians. 1. Perhaps news has reached even yourselves concerning the Council, which is at this time the subject of general conversation; for letters both from the Emperor and the Prefects
Athanasius—Select Works and Letters or Athanasius

The Section Chap. I. -iii.
The question which here above all engages our attention, and requires to be answered, is this: Whether that which is reported in these chapters did, or did not, actually and outwardly take place. The history of the inquiries connected with this question is found most fully in Marckius's "Diatribe de uxore fornicationum," Leyden, 1696, reprinted in the Commentary on the Minor Prophets by the same author. The various views may be divided into three classes. 1. It is maintained by very many interpreters,
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
Matthew 18:25
Since he was not able to pay, the master ordered that he and his wife and his children and all that he had be sold to repay the debt.

Exodus 21:3
If he comes alone, he is to go free alone; but if he has a wife when he comes, she is to go with him.

Exodus 21:7
"If a man sells his daughter as a servant, she is not to go free as male servants do.

Leviticus 25:39
"'If any of your fellow Israelites become poor and sell themselves to you, do not make them work as slaves.

Leviticus 25:40
They are to be treated as hired workers or temporary residents among you; they are to work for you until the Year of Jubilee.

Deuteronomy 15:12
If any of your people--Hebrew men or women--sell themselves to you and serve you six years, in the seventh year you must let them go free.

Jeremiah 34:8
The word came to Jeremiah from the LORD after King Zedekiah had made a covenant with all the people in Jerusalem to proclaim freedom for the slaves.

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