Exodus 27:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning.

King James Bible
And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee olive oil, pure, beaten, for the light, to light the lamp continually.

World English Bible
"You shall command the children of Israel, that they bring to you pure olive oil beaten for the light, to cause a lamp to burn continually.

Young's Literal Translation
'And thou -- thou dost command the sons of Israel, and they bring unto thee pure beaten olive oil for the light, to cause the lamp to go up continually;

Exodus 27:20 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Pure oil olive beaten - That is, such oil as could easily be expressed from the olives after they had been bruised in a mortar; the mother drop, as it is called, which drops out of itself as soon as the olives are a little broken, and which is much purer than that which is obtained after the olives are put under the press.

Columella, who is a legitimate evidence in all such matters, says that the oil which flowed out of the fruit either spontaneously, or with little application of the force of the press, was of a much finer flavour than that which was obtained otherwise. Quoniam longe melioris saporis est, quod minore vi preli, quasi luxurians, defluxerit - Colum., lib. xii., c. 50.

To cause the lamp to burn always - They were to be kept burning through the whole of the night, and some think all the day besides; but there is a difference of sentiment upon this subject. See the note on Exodus 27:21.

This oil and continual flame were not only emblematical of the unction and influences of the Holy Ghost, but also of that pure spirit of devotion which ever animates the hearts and minds of the genuine worshippers of the true God. The temple of Vesta, where a fire was kept perpetually burning, seems to have been formed on the model of the tabernacle; and from this the followers of Zeratusht, commonly called Zoroaster, appear to have derived their doctrine of the perpetual fire, which they still worship as an emblem of the Deity.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

pure oil olive beaten. That is, such oil as could be easily expressed from the olives, after they had been bruised in a mortar; and which is much purer than that obtained after the olives are put under the press.

Exodus 39:37 The pure candlestick, with the lamps thereof, even with the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels thereof...

Leviticus 24:2-4 Command the children of Israel, that they bring to you pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamps to burn continually...

Judges 9:9 But the olive tree said to them, Should I leave my fatness, with which by me they honor God and man...

Psalm 23:5 You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies: you anoint my head with oil; my cup runs over.

Zechariah 4:11-14 Then answered I, and said to him, What are these two olive trees on the right side of the candlestick and on the left side thereof...

Revelation 11:4 These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

for the light

Exodus 25:31-37 And you shall make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls...

to cause the lamp. Josephus says, that the whole of the seven lamps burned all night; and that in the morning four were extinguished, and three burned the whole of the day. Such might have been the practice in his time; but it appears sufficiently evident from ch.

Exodus 30:8 And when Aaron lights the lamps at even, he shall burn incense on it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.

, and

1 Samuel 3:3 And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was, and Samuel was laid down to sleep;

, that they were anciently extinguished in the morning. to burn. Heb. to ascend up.

Library
How a Private Man must Begin the Morning with Piety.
As soon as ever thou awakest in the morning, keep the door of thy heart fast shut, that no earthly thought may enter, before that God come in first; and let him, before all others, have the first place there. So all evil thoughts either will not dare to come in, or shall the easier be kept out; and the heart will more savour of piety and godliness all the day after; but if thy heart be not, at thy first waking, filled with some meditations of God and his word, and dressed, like the lamp in the tabernacle
Lewis Bayly—The Practice of Piety

Cross References
Exodus 25:6
olive oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;

Exodus 27:19
All the other articles used in the service of the tabernacle, whatever their function, including all the tent pegs for it and those for the courtyard, are to be of bronze.

Exodus 35:8
olive oil for the light; spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense;

Exodus 35:28
They also brought spices and olive oil for the light and for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense.

Leviticus 24:1
The LORD said to Moses,

Leviticus 24:2
"Command the Israelites to bring you clear oil of pressed olives for the light so that the lamps may be kept burning continually.

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