Exodus 39:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
the third row was jacinth, agate and amethyst;

King James Bible
And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.

Darby Bible Translation
and the third row, an opal, an agate, and an amethyst;

World English Bible
and the third row, a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst;

Young's Literal Translation
and the third row an opal, an agate, and an amethyst;

Exodus 39:12 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And they set in it four rows of stones - See all these precious stones particularly explained in the notes on Exodus 28:17 (note), etc.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a ligure. Leshem, the ligure, the same as the jacinth, or hyacinth, a precious stone of a deep red, with a considerable tinge of yellow. Theophrastus and Pliny says it resembles the carbuncle, of a brightness sparkling like fire. An agate. Shevo, the agate, a semi-pellucid compound gem, formed of different simple minerals, as chalcedony, cornelian, jasper. horn-stone, quartz, amethyst, opal, joined irregularly or in layers. It is of a white, reddish, yellowish, or greenish ground; and so variously figured in its substance as to represent plants, trees, animals, and other objects. An amethyst. Achlamah, an amethyst, a transparent gem, composed of a strong blue and deep red; and according as either prevails, affording different tinges of purple, sometimes approaching to violet, and sometimes even fading to a pale rose colour.

The book of Exodus--so named in the Greek version from the march of Israel out of Egypt--opens upon a scene of oppression very different from the prosperity and triumph in which Genesis had closed. Israel is being cruelly crushed by the new dynasty which has arisen in Egypt (i.) and the story of the book is the story of her redemption. Ultimately it is Israel's God that is her redeemer, but He operates largely by human means; and the first step is the preparation of a deliverer, Moses, whose parentage,
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Exodus 28:19
the third row shall be jacinth, agate and amethyst;

Exodus 39:11
the second row was turquoise, lapis lazuli and emerald;

Exodus 39:13
the fourth row was topaz, onyx and jasper. They were mounted in gold filigree settings.

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