New International Version
So also, when we were underage, we were in slavery under the elemental spiritual forces of the world.
King James Bible
Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world:
Darby Bible Translation
So we also, when we were children, were held in bondage under the principles of the world;
World English Bible
So we also, when we were children, were held in bondage under the elemental principles of the world.
Young's Literal Translation
so also we, when we were babes, under the elements of the world were in servitude,
Galatians 4:3 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Even so we - The whole Jewish people were in a state of nonage while under the law.
The elements of the world - A mere Jewish phrase, יסודי עולם הזה yesodey olam hazzeh, "the principles of this world;" that is, the rudiments or principles of the Jewish religion. The apostle intimates that the law was not the science of salvation, it was only the elements or alphabet of it; and in the Gospel this alphabet is composed into a most glorious system of Divine knowledge: but as the alphabet is nothing of itself, unless compounded into syllables, words, sentences, and discourses; so the law, taken by itself, gives no salvation; it contains indeed the outlines of the Gospel, but it is the Gospel alone that fills up these outlines.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
elements. or, rudiments.
LibraryMay 7. "I Travail in Birth Again Until Christ be Formed in You" (Gal. Iv. 19).
"I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you" (Gal. iv. 19). It is a blessed moment when we are born again and a new heart is created in us after the image of God. It is a more blessed moment when in this new heart Christ Himself is born and the Christmas time is reproduced in us as we, in some real sense, become incarnations of the living Christ. This is the deepest and holiest meaning of Christianity. It is expressed in Paul's prayer for the Galatians. "My little children, for whom I …
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How Can I Obtain Faith?
We know that the law is spiritual; but I am unspiritual, sold as a slave to sin.
2 Corinthians 11:20
In fact, you even put up with anyone who enslaves you or exploits you or takes advantage of you or puts on airs or slaps you in the face.
This matter arose because some false believers had infiltrated our ranks to spy on the freedom we have in Christ Jesus and to make us slaves.
The heir is subject to guardians and trustees until the time set by his father.
Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods.
But now that you know God--or rather are known by God--how is it that you are turning back to those weak and miserable forces? Do you wish to be enslaved by them all over again?
These things are being taken figuratively: The women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar.
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Jump to NextBasic Bondage Children Elemental Elements Enslaved First Held Kept Notions Principles Rudimentary Rudiments Servitude Slavery Slaves Spirits Spiritually Subject Universe World World's Young
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