Genesis 25:33
Parallel Verses
New International Version
But Jacob said, "Swear to me first." So he swore an oath to him, selling his birthright to Jacob.

King James Bible
And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob.

Darby Bible Translation
And Jacob said, Swear unto me now. And he swore unto him, and sold his birthright to Jacob.

World English Bible
Jacob said, "Swear to me first." He swore to him. He sold his birthright to Jacob.

Young's Literal Translation
and Jacob saith, 'Swear to me to-day:' and he sweareth to him, and selleth his birthright to Jacob;

Genesis 25:33 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Sell me this day thy birthright - What the בחרה bechorah or birthright was, has greatly divided both ancient and modern commentators. It is generally supposed that the following rights were attached to the primogeniture:

1. Authority and superiority over the rest of the family.

2. A double portion of the paternal inheritance.

3. The peculiar benediction of the father.

4. The priesthood, previous to its establishment in the family of Aaron.

Calmet controverts most of these rights, and with apparent reason, and seems to think that the double portion of the paternal inheritance was the only incontestable right which the first-born possessed; the others were such as were rather conceded to the first-born, than fixed by any law in the family. However this may be, it appears,

1. That the first-born were peculiarly consecrated to God, Exodus 22:29.

2. Were next in honor to their parents, Genesis 49:3.

3. Had a double portion of their father's goods, Deuteronomy 21:17.

4. Succeeded him in the government of the family or kingdom, 2 Chronicles 21:3.

5. Had the sole right of conducting the service of God, both at the tabernacle and temple; and hence the tribe of Levi, which was taken in lieu of the first-born, had the sole right of administration in the service of God, Numbers 8:14-18; and hence we may presume, had originally a right to the priesthood previous to the giving of the law; but however this might have been, afterwards the priesthood is never reckoned among the privileges of the first-born.

That the birthright was a matter of very great importance, there can be no room to doubt; and that it was a transferable property, the transaction here sufficiently proves.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Swear.

Genesis 14:22 And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up my hand to the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,

Genesis 24:3 And I will make you swear by the LORD, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth...

Mark 6:23 And he swore to her, Whatever you shall ask of me, I will give it you, to the half of my kingdom.

Hebrews 6:16 For men truly swear by the greater: and an oath for confirmation is to them an end of all strife.

and he sold.

Genesis 27:36 And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he has supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright; and, behold...

Genesis 36:6,7 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts...

Hebrews 12:16 Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.

Library
Pottage Versus Birthright
Esau despised his birthright'--GENESIS xxv. 34. Broad lessons unmistakable, but points strange and difficult to throw oneself back to so different a set of ideas. So I. Deal with the narrative. Not to tell it over again, but bring out the following points:-- (a) Birthright.--What? None of them any notion of sacred, spiritual aspect of it. To all, merely material advantages: headship of the clan. All the loftier aspects gone from Isaac, who thought he could give it for venison, from Esau, and from
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Jesus Heals Multitudes Beside the Sea of Galilee.
^A Matt. XII. 15-21; ^B Mark III. 7-12. ^a 15 And Jesus perceiving it withdrew ^b with his disciples ^a from thence: ^b to the sea [This was the first withdrawal of Jesus for the avowed purpose of self-preservation. After this we find Jesus constantly retiring to avoid the plots of his enemies. The Sea of Galilee, with its boats and its shores touching different jurisdictions, formed a convenient and fairly safe retreat]: ^a and many followed him; ^b and a great multitude from Galilee followed; and
J. W. McGarvey—The Four-Fold Gospel

Genesis
The Old Testament opens very impressively. In measured and dignified language it introduces the story of Israel's origin and settlement upon the land of Canaan (Gen.--Josh.) by the story of creation, i.-ii. 4a, and thus suggests, at the very beginning, the far-reaching purpose and the world-wide significance of the people and religion of Israel. The narrative has not travelled far till it becomes apparent that its dominant interests are to be religious and moral; for, after a pictorial sketch of
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Hebrews 12:16
See that no one is sexually immoral, or is godless like Esau, who for a single meal sold his inheritance rights as the oldest son.

Genesis 25:32
"Look, I am about to die," Esau said. "What good is the birthright to me?"

Genesis 25:34
Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and some lentil stew. He ate and drank, and then got up and left. So Esau despised his birthright.

Genesis 27:1
When Isaac was old and his eyes were so weak that he could no longer see, he called for Esau his older son and said to him, "My son." "Here I am," he answered.

Genesis 27:32
His father Isaac asked him, "Who are you?" "I am your son," he answered, "your firstborn, Esau."

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