Genesis 32:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When Jacob saw them, he said, "This is the camp of God!" So he named that place Mahanaim.

King James Bible
And when Jacob saw them, he said, This is God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim.

Darby Bible Translation
And when Jacob saw them he said, This is the camp of God. And he called the name of that place Mahanaim.

World English Bible
When he saw them, Jacob said, "This is God's army." He called the name of that place Mahanaim.

Young's Literal Translation
and Jacob saith, when he hath seen them, 'This is the camp of God;' and he calleth the name of that place 'Two Camps.'

Genesis 32:2 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Mahanaim - The two hosts, if read by the points, the angels forming one, and Jacob and his company forming another; or simply hosts or camps in the plural. There was a city built afterwards here, and inhabited by the priests of God, Joshua 21:38. For what purpose the angels of God met Jacob, does not appear from the text; probably it was intended to show him that he and his company were under the care of an especial providence, and consequently to confirm his trust and confidence in God.

The doctrine of the ministration of angels has been much abused, not only among the heathens, but also among Jews and Christians, and perhaps most among the latter. Angels with feigned names, titles, and influences, have been and still are invoked and worshipped by a certain class of men; because they have found that God has been pleased to employ them to minister to mankind; and hence they have made supplications to them to extend their protection, to shield, defend, instruct, etc. This is perfectly absurd.

1. They are God's instruments, not self-determining agents.

2. They can only do what they are appointed to perform, for there is no evidence that they have any discretionary power.

3. God helps man by ten thousand means and instruments; some intellectual, as angels; some rational, as men; some irrational, as brutes; and some merely material, as the sun, wind, rain, food, raiment, and the various productions of the earth. He therefore helps by whom he will help, and to him alone belongs all the glory; for should he be determined to destroy, all these instruments collectively could not save. Instead therefore of worshipping them, we should take their own advice: See thou do it not - Worship God.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Joshua 5:14 And he said, No; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship...

2 Kings 6:17 And Elisha prayed, and said, LORD, I pray you, open his eyes, that he may see. And the LORD opened the eyes of the young man...

Psalm 34:7 The angel of the LORD encamps round about them that fear him, and delivers them.

Psalm 103:21 Bless you the LORD, all you his hosts; you ministers of his, that do his pleasure.

Psalm 148:2 Praise you him, all his angels: praise you him, all his hosts.

Daniel 10:20 Then said he, Know you why I come to you? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, see...

Luke 2:13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,

the name.

Joshua 21:38 And out of the tribe of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead with her suburbs, to be a city of refuge for the slayer; and Mahanaim with her suburbs,

2 Samuel 2:8,12 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim...

2 Samuel 17:24,26,27 Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him...

1 Kings 2:8 And, behold, you have with you Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite of Bahurim...

1 Kings 4:14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo had Mahanaim:

Mahanain. i.e., two hosts, or camps.

Songs 6:13 Return, return, O Shulamite; return, return, that we may look on you. What will you see in the Shulamite?...

Mahanaim was situated between Gilead and the river Jabbok, near the present Djezan.

Mahanaim: the Two Camps
And Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. And when Jacob saw them, he said, This is God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim' (i.e. Two camps).--GENESIS xxxii. 1, 2. This vision came at a crisis in Jacob's life. He has just left the house of Laban, his father-in-law, where he had lived for many years, and in company with a long caravan, consisting of wives, children, servants, and all his wealth turned into cattle, is journeying back again to Palestine. His road
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Of the Name of God
Exod. iii. 13, 14.--"And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them? And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you." We are now about this question, What God is. But who can answer it? Or, if answered, who can understand it? It should astonish us in
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

The Angel of the Lord in the Pentateuch, and the Book of Joshua.
The New Testament distinguishes between the hidden God and the revealed God--the Son or Logos--who is connected with the former by oneness of nature, and who from everlasting, and even at the creation itself, filled up the immeasurable distance between the Creator and the creation;--who has been the Mediator in all God's relations to the world;--who at all times, and even before He became man in Christ, has been the light of [Pg 116] the world,--and to whom, specially, was committed the direction
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Meditations for the Morning.
1. Almighty God can, in the resurrection, as easily raise up thy body out of the grave, from the sleep of death, as he hath this morning wakened thee in thy bed, out of the sleep of nature. At the dawning of which resurrection day, Christ shall come to be glorified in his saints; and every one of the bodies of the thousands of his saints, being fashioned like unto his glorious body, shall shine as bright as the sun (2 Thess. i. 10; Jude, ver. 14; Phil. iii. 21; Luke ix. 31;) all the angels shining
Lewis Bayly—The Practice of Piety

Cross References
Joshua 21:38
from the tribe of Gad, Ramoth in Gilead (a city of refuge for one accused of murder), Mahanaim,

2 Samuel 2:8
Meanwhile, Abner son of Ner, the commander of Saul's army, had taken Ish-Bosheth son of Saul and brought him over to Mahanaim.

2 Samuel 17:24
David went to Mahanaim, and Absalom crossed the Jordan with all the men of Israel.

1 Chronicles 12:22
Day after day men came to help David, until he had a great army, like the army of God.

Psalm 24:10
Who is he, this King of glory? The LORD Almighty-- he is the King of glory.

Song of Solomon 6:13
Come back, come back, O Shulammite; come back, come back, that we may gaze on you! He Why would you gaze on the Shulammite as on the dance of Mahanaim?

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