Genesis 36:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Esau's son Eliphaz also had a concubine named Timna, who bore him Amalek. These were grandsons of Esau's wife Adah.

King James Bible
And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these were the sons of Adah Esau's wife.

Darby Bible Translation
And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau's son, and she bore Amalek to Eliphaz. These are the sons of Adah Esau's wife.

World English Bible
Timna was concubine to Eliphaz, Esau's son; and she bore to Eliphaz Amalek. These are the sons of Adah, Esau's wife.

Young's Literal Translation
and Timnath hath been concubine to Eliphaz son of Esau, and she beareth to Eliphaz, Amalek; these are sons of Adah wife of Esau.

Genesis 36:12 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Timna was concubine to Eliphaz - As Timna was sister to Lotan the Horite, Genesis 36:22, we see how the family of Esau and the Horites got intermixed. This might give the sons of Esau a pretext to seize the land, and expel the ancient inhabitants, as we find they did, Deuteronomy 2:12.

Amalek - The father of the Amalekites, afterwards bitter enemies to the Jews, and whom God commanded to be entirely exterminated, Deuteronomy 25:17, Deuteronomy 25:19.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Genesis 36:22 And the children of Lotan were Hori and Hemam; and Lotan's sister was Timna.

1 Chronicles 1:36 The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek.


Genesis 36:16 Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek: these are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah.

Genesis 14:7 And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites...

Exodus 17:8-16 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim...

Numbers 24:18-20 And Edom shall be a possession, Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly...

Deuteronomy 23:7 You shall not abhor an Edomite; for he is your brother: you shall not abhor an Egyptian; because you were a stranger in his land.

Deuteronomy 25:17-19 Remember what Amalek did to you by the way, when you were come forth out of Egypt...

1 Samuel 15:2,3-9 Thus said the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way...

Syria at the Beginning of the Egyptian Conquest
SYRIA AT THE BEGINNING OF THE EGYPTIAN CONQUEST NINEVEH AND THE FIRST COSSAEAN KINGS-THE PEOPLES OF SYRIA, THEIR TOWNS, THEIR CIVILIZATION, THEIR RELIGION-PHOENICIA. The dynasty of Uruazagga-The Cossseans: their country, their gods, their conquest of Chaldaea-The first sovereigns of Assyria, and the first Cossaean Icings: Agumhakrime. The Egyptian names for Syria: Khara, Zahi, Lotanu, Kefatiu-The military highway from the Nile to the Euphrates: first section from Zalu to Gaza-The Canaanites:
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 4

Cross References
Genesis 36:11
The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz.

Genesis 36:13
The sons of Reuel: Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were grandsons of Esau's wife Basemath.

Exodus 17:8
The Amalekites came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim.

Numbers 24:20
Then Balaam saw Amalek and spoke his message: "Amalek was first among the nations, but their end will be utter destruction."

Deuteronomy 25:17
Remember what the Amalekites did to you along the way when you came out of Egypt.

1 Samuel 15:2
This is what the LORD Almighty says: 'I will punish the Amalekites for what they did to Israel when they waylaid them as they came up from Egypt.

1 Samuel 15:3
Now go, attack the Amalekites and totally destroy all that belongs to them. Do not spare them; put to death men and women, children and infants, cattle and sheep, camels and donkeys.'"

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