Genesis 36:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
These were the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these were their chiefs.

King James Bible
These are the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and these are their dukes.

Darby Bible Translation
These are the sons of Esau, and these their chiefs: he is Edom.

World English Bible
These are the sons of Esau (that is, Edom), and these are their chiefs.

Young's Literal Translation
These are sons of Esau (who is Edom), and these their chiefs.

Genesis 36:19 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Duke Korah - This Dr. Kennicott pronounces to be an interpolation. "It is certain, from Genesis 36:4, that Eliphaz was Esau's son by Adah; and from Genesis 36:11, Genesis 36:12, that Eliphaz had but six sons, Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, Kenaz, and Amalek. It is also certain, from Genesis 36:5, Genesis 36:14, that Korah was the son of Esau (not of Eliphaz) by Aholibamah; and as such he is properly mentioned in Genesis 36:18 : These are the sons of Aholibamah, Esau's wife: duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, Duke Korah. It is clear, therefore, that some transcriber has improperly inserted duke Korah in Genesis 36:16; from which interpolation both the Samaritan text and the Samaritan version are free." - Kennicott's Remarks. Everything considered, I incline to the opinion that these words were not originally in the text.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

who is Edom. See on ver.

Genesis 36:1 Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom.

Syria at the Beginning of the Egyptian Conquest
SYRIA AT THE BEGINNING OF THE EGYPTIAN CONQUEST NINEVEH AND THE FIRST COSSAEAN KINGS-THE PEOPLES OF SYRIA, THEIR TOWNS, THEIR CIVILIZATION, THEIR RELIGION-PHOENICIA. The dynasty of Uruazagga-The Cossseans: their country, their gods, their conquest of Chaldaea-The first sovereigns of Assyria, and the first Cossaean Icings: Agumhakrime. The Egyptian names for Syria: Khara, Zahi, Lotanu, Kefatiu-The military highway from the Nile to the Euphrates: first section from Zalu to Gaza-The Canaanites:
G. Maspero—History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 4

Cross References
Genesis 36:8
So Esau (that is, Edom) settled in the hill country of Seir.

Genesis 36:18
The sons of Esau's wife Oholibamah: Chiefs Jeush, Jalam and Korah. These were the chiefs descended from Esau's wife Oholibamah daughter of Anah.

Genesis 36:20
These were the sons of Seir the Horite, who were living in the region: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,

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