Genesis 37:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When his brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, they hated him and could not speak a kind word to him.

King James Bible
And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him.

Darby Bible Translation
And his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, and they hated him, and could not greet him with friendliness.

World English Bible
His brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, and they hated him, and couldn't speak peaceably to him.

Young's Literal Translation
and his brethren see that their father hath loved him more than any of his brethren, and they hate him, and have not been able to speak to him peaceably.

Genesis 37:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And could not speak peaceably unto him - Does not this imply, in our use of the term, that they were continually quarrelling with him? but this is no meaning of the original: ולא יכלו דברו לשלם velo yachelu dabbero leshalom, they could not speak peace to him, i. e., they would not accost him in a friendly manner. They would not even wish him well. The eastern method of salutation is, Peace be to thee! שלום לך shalom lecha, among the Hebrews, and salam, peace, or salam kebibi, peace to thee my friend, among the Arabs. Now as peace among those nations comprehends all kinds of blessings spiritual and temporal, so they are careful not to say it to those whom they do not cordially wish well. It is not an unusual thing for an Arab or a Turk to hesitate to return the salam, if given by a Christian, or by one of whom he has not a favorable opinion: and this, in their own country, may be ever considered as a mark of hostility; not only as a proof that they do not wish you well, but that if they have an opportunity they will do you an injury. This was precisely the case with respect to Joseph's brethren: they would not give him the salam, and therefore felt themselves at liberty to take the first opportunity to injure him.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

hated him.

Genesis 37:5,11,18-24 And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told it his brothers: and they hated him yet the more...

Genesis 4:5 But to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

Genesis 27:41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart...

Genesis 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him:

1 Samuel 16:12,13 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and with of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said...

1 Samuel 17:28 And Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said...

Psalm 38:19 But my enemies are lively, and they are strong: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.

Psalm 69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of my head: they that would destroy me, being my enemies wrongfully...

John 7:3-5 His brothers therefore said to him, Depart hence, and go into Judaea, that your disciples also may see the works that you do...

John 15:18,19 If the world hate you, you know that it hated me before it hated you...

Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy...

1 John 2:11 But he that hates his brother is in darkness, and walks in darkness, and knows not where he goes...

1 John 3:10,12 In this the children of God are manifest, and the children of the devil: whoever does not righteousness is not of God...

1 John 4:20 If a man say, I love God, and hates his brother, he is a liar: for he that loves not his brother whom he has seen...

and could not speak peaceably unto him. Or, rather, 'and they could not speak peace to him,' i.e., they would not accost him in a friendly manner: they would not even wish him well, in the eastern mode of salutation of, Peace be to thee! It is not an unusual thing for an Arab or Turk to hesitate to return the {sal?m}, if given by a Christian, or by one of whom he has not a favourable opinion; and this may always be considered as an act of hostility.

Library
Joseph, the Prime Minister
'And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is? And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art: Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou. And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Talmage -- a Bloody Monster
Thomas De Witt Talmage was born at Bound Brook, N.J., in 1832. For many years he preached to large and enthusiastic congregations at the Brooklyn Tabernacle. At one time six hundred newspapers regularly printed his sermons. He was a man of great vitality, optimistic by nature, and particularly popular with young people. His voice was rather high and unmusical, but his distinct enunciation and earnestness of manner gave a peculiar attraction to his pulpit oratory. His rhetoric has been criticized
Grenville Kleiser—The world's great sermons, Volume 8

Cross References
Genesis 27:41
Esau held a grudge against Jacob because of the blessing his father had given him. He said to himself, "The days of mourning for my father are near; then I will kill my brother Jacob."

1 Samuel 17:28
When Eliab, David's oldest brother, heard him speaking with the men, he burned with anger at him and asked, "Why have you come down here? And with whom did you leave those few sheep in the wilderness? I know how conceited you are and how wicked your heart is; you came down only to watch the battle."

Jeremiah 12:6
Your relatives, members of your own family-- even they have betrayed you; they have raised a loud cry against you. Do not trust them, though they speak well of you.

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