Genesis 4:20
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Adah gave birth to Jabal; he was the father of those who live in tents and raise livestock.

King James Bible
And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle.

Darby Bible Translation
And Adah bore Jabal: he was the father of those who dwell in tents, and [breed] cattle.

World English Bible
Adah gave birth to Jabal, who was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock.

Young's Literal Translation
And Adah beareth Jabal, he hath been father of those inhabiting tents and purchased possessions;

Genesis 4:20 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Jabal - was the father - The inventor or teacher, for so the word is understood, 1 Samuel 10:12. He was the first who invented tent-making, and the breeding and managing of cattle; or he was, in these respects, the most eminent in that time. Though Abel was a shepherd, it is not likely he was such on an extensive scale.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the.

Genesis 4:21 And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ.

1 Chronicles 2:50-52 These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjathjearim...

1 Chronicles 4:4,5 And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah...

John 8:44 You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you will do. He was a murderer from the beginning...

Romans 4:11,12 And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had yet being uncircumcised...

father. The inventor or teacher,

1 Samuel 10:12 And one of the same place answered and said, But who is their father? Therefore it became a proverb, Is Saul also among the prophets?

.

dwell.

Genesis 4:2 And she again bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.

Genesis 25:27 And the boys grew: and Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents.

Jeremiah 35:9,10 Nor to build houses for us to dwell in: neither have we vineyard, nor field, nor seed...

Hebrews 11:9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob...

Library
What Crouches at the Door
'If thou doest not well, sin croucheth at the door: and unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.'--GENESIS iv. 7 (R. V.). These early narratives clothe great moral and spiritual truths in picturesque forms, through which it is difficult for us to pierce. In the world's childhood God spoke to men as to children, because there were no words then framed which would express what we call abstract conceptions. They had to be shown by pictures. But these early men, simple and childlike
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cain and Abel. Gen 4:3-8
CAIN and ABEL. Gen 4:3-8 When Adam fell he quickly lost God's image, which he once possessed: See All our nature since could boast In Cain, his first-born Son, expressed! The sacrifice the Lord ordained In type of the Redeemer's blood, Self-righteous reas'ning Cain disdained, And thought his own first-fruits as good. Yet rage and envy filled his mind, When, with a fallen, downcast look, He saw his brother favor find, Who GOD's appointed method took. By Cain's own hand, good Abel died, Because
John Newton—Olney Hymns

Extracts No. vii.
[In this number the objector gives the whole ground of his objections, and the reasons for his doubts: which he states as follows, viz. "1. Mankind, in all ages of the world, have been, and still are prone to superstition. "2. It cannot be denied, but that a part of mankind at least, have believed, and still are believing in miracles and revelation, which are spurious. "3. The facts on which religion is predicated are unlike every thing of which we have any positive knowledge." Under the first
Hosea Ballou—A Series of Letters In Defence of Divine Revelation

The Faith of Abraham.
"By faith Abraham, when he was called, obeyed to go out unto a place which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing whither he went. By faith he became a sojourner in the land of promise, as in a land not his own, dwelling in tents, with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: for he looked for the city which hath the foundations, whose Builder and Maker is God. By faith even Sarah herself received power to conceive seed when she was past age, since she
Thomas Charles Edwards—The Expositor's Bible: The Epistle to the Hebrews

Cross References
Genesis 4:19
Lamech married two women, one named Adah and the other Zillah.

Genesis 4:21
His brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of all who play stringed instruments and pipes.

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