Genesis 43:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
After he had washed his face, he came out and, controlling himself, said, "Serve the food."

King James Bible
And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.

Darby Bible Translation
And he washed his face, and came out, and controlled himself, and said, Set on bread.

World English Bible
He washed his face, and came out. He controlled himself, and said, "Serve the meal."

Young's Literal Translation
and he washeth his face, and goeth out, and refraineth himself, and saith, 'Place bread.'

Genesis 43:31 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

He lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin - They were probably introduced to him successively; and as Benjamin was the youngest, he would of course be introduced last.

God be gracious unto thee, my son! - A usual salutation in the east from the aged and superiors to the younger and inferiors, which, though very emphatic and expressive in ancient times, in the present day means no more than "I am your humble servant," or "I am exceedingly glad to see you;" words which among us mean-just nothing. Even in David's time they seem to have been, not only devoid of meaning, but to be used as a cloak for the basest and most treacherous designs: They bless with their mouths, but they curse inwardly. Hence Joab salutes Amasa, kisses him with apparent affection, and stabs him in the same moment! The case of Judas, betraying the Son of man with a kiss, will not be forgotten.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Genesis 45:1 Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me...

Isaiah 42:14 I have long time held my peace; I have been still, and refrained myself: now will I cry like a travailing woman...

Jeremiah 31:16 Thus said the LORD; Refrain your voice from weeping, and your eyes from tears: for your work shall be rewarded, said the LORD...

1 Peter 3:10 For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile:


Genesis 43:25 And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat bread there.

The Old Testament opens very impressively. In measured and dignified language it introduces the story of Israel's origin and settlement upon the land of Canaan (Gen.--Josh.) by the story of creation, i.-ii. 4a, and thus suggests, at the very beginning, the far-reaching purpose and the world-wide significance of the people and religion of Israel. The narrative has not travelled far till it becomes apparent that its dominant interests are to be religious and moral; for, after a pictorial sketch of
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Genesis 45:1
Then Joseph could no longer control himself before all his attendants, and he cried out, "Have everyone leave my presence!" So there was no one with Joseph when he made himself known to his brothers.

Proverbs 10:19
Sin is not ended by multiplying words, but the prudent hold their tongues.

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