Genesis 48:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
the Angel who has delivered me from all harm --may he bless these boys. May they be called by my name and the names of my fathers Abraham and Isaac, and may they increase greatly on the earth."

King James Bible
The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.

Darby Bible Translation
the Angel that redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named upon them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the land!

World English Bible
the angel who has redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads, and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac. Let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth."

Young's Literal Translation
the Messenger who is redeeming me from all evil doth bless the youths, and my name is called upon them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and they increase into a multitude in the midst of the land.'

Genesis 48:16 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The Angel which redeemed me from all evil - המלאך הגאל hammalac haggoel. The Messenger, the Redeemer or Kinsman; for so גאל goel signifies; for this term, in the law of Moses, is applied to that person whose right it is, from his being nearest akin, to redeem or purchase back a forfeited inheritance. But of whom does Jacob speak? We have often seen, in the preceding chapters, an angel of God appearing to the patriarchs; (see particularly Genesis 16:7 (note)) and we have full proof that this was no created angel, but the Messenger of the Divine Council, the Lord Jesus Christ. Who then was the angel that redeemed Jacob, and whom he invoked to bless Ephraim and Manasseh? Is it not Jesus? He alone can be called Goel, the redeeming Kinsman; for he alone took part of our flesh and blood that the right of redemption might be his; and that the forfeited possession of the favor and image of God might be redeemed, brought back, and restored to all those who believe in his name. To have invoked any other angel or messenger in such a business would have been impiety. Angels bless not; to God alone this prerogative belongs. With what confidence may a truly religious father use these words in behalf of his children: "Jesus, the Christ, who hath redeemed me, bless the lads, redeem them also, and save them unto eternal life!"

Let my name be named on them - "Let them be ever accounted as a part of my own family; let them be true Israelites - persons who shall prevail with God as I have done; and the name of Abraham - being partakers of his faith; and the name of Isaac - let them be as remarkable for submissive obedience as he was. Let the virtues of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob be accumulated in them, and invariably displayed by them!" These are the very words of adoption; and by the imposition of hands, the invocation of the Redeemer, and the solemn blessing pronounced, the adoption was completed. From this moment Ephraim and Manasseh had the same rights and privileges as Jacob's sons, which as the sons of Joseph they could never have possessed.

And let them grow into a multitude - וידגו לרב veyidgu larob; Let them increase like fishes into a multitude. Fish are the most prolific of all animals; see the instances produced on Genesis 1:20 (note). This prophetic blessing was verified in a most remarkable manner; see Numbers 26:34, Numbers 26:37; Deuteronomy 33:17; Joshua 17:17. At one time the tribe of Ephraim amounted to 40,500 effective men, and that of Manasseh to 52,700, amounting in the whole to 93,200.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Genesis 16:7-13 And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur...

Genesis 28:15 And, behold, I am with you, and will keep you in all places where you go, and will bring you again into this land...

Genesis 31:11-13 And the angel of God spoke to me in a dream, saying, Jacob: And I said, Here am I...

Exodus 3:2-6 And the angel of the LORD appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the middle of a bush: and he looked, and, behold...

Exodus 23:20,21 Behold, I send an Angel before you, to keep you in the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared...

Judges 2:1-4 And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt...

Judges 6:21-24 Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes...

Judges 13:21 But the angel of the LORD did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he was an angel of the LORD.

Judges 13:22 And Manoah said to his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God.

Psalm 34:7,22 The angel of the LORD encamps round about them that fear him, and delivers them...

Psalm 121:7 The LORD shall preserve you from all evil: he shall preserve your soul.

Isaiah 47:4 As for our redeemer, the LORD of hosts is his name, the Holy One of Israel.

Isaiah 63:9 In all their affliction he was afflicted, and the angel of his presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them...

Hosea 12:4,5 Yes, he had power over the angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication to him: he found him in Bethel...

Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the LORD, whom you seek...

Acts 7:30-35 And when forty years were expired...

1 Corinthians 10:4,9 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ...


Psalm 34:2 My soul shall make her boast in the LORD: the humble shall hear thereof, and be glad.

Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For your is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

John 17:15 I pray not that you should take them out of the world, but that you should keep them from the evil.

Romans 8:23 And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves...

2 Timothy 4:18 And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me to his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever...

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

my name.

Genesis 48:5 And now your two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you into Egypt, are mine...

Genesis 32:28 And he said, Your name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince have you power with God and with men...

Deuteronomy 28:10 And all people of the earth shall see that you are called by the name of the LORD; and they shall be afraid of you.

2 Chronicles 7:14 If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways...

Jeremiah 14:9 Why should you be as a man astonished, as a mighty man that cannot save? yet you, O LORD, are in the middle of us...

Amos 9:12 That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and of all the heathen, which are called by my name, said the LORD that does this.

Acts 15:17 That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, on whom my name is called, said the Lord...

grow into. Heb. as fishes do increase.

Genesis 1:21,22 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moves, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind...

Numbers 1:46 Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.

Numbers 26:34,37 These are the families of Manasseh, and those that were numbered of them, fifty and two thousand and seven hundred...

Fish are the most prolific of all animals: a tench lays

1,000 eggs, a carp

20,000, and Leuwenhouk counted in a middling sized cod,


A multitude.

Genesis 49:22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall:

Exodus 1:7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty...

Numbers 26:28-37 The sons of Joseph after their families were Manasseh and Ephraim...

Deuteronomy 33:17 His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns...

Joshua 17:17 And Joshua spoke to the house of Joseph, even to Ephraim and to Manasseh, saying, You are a great people, and have great power...

Two Retrospects of one Life
'And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, Few and evil have the days of the years of my life been.'--GENESIS xlvii. 9. 'The God which fed me all my life long unto this day; the Angel which redeemed me from all evil.' --GENESIS xlviii. 15,16. These are two strangely different estimates of the same life to be taken by the same man. In the latter Jacob categorically contradicts everything that he had said in the former. 'Few and evil,' he said before Pharaoh. 'All my life long,' 'the Angel which redeemed me from
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Blessing Children. Concerning Childlikeness.
(in Peræa.) ^A Matt. XIX. 13-15; ^B Mark X. 13-16; ^C Luke XVIII. 15-17. ^a 13 Then were there brought ^b 13 And they were bringing ^a unto him little children, { ^c also their babes,} that he should touch them: ^a that he should lay his hands on them, and pray [According to Buxtorf, children were often brought to the presidents of the synagogue in order that they might pray over them. The prayers of a good man in our behalf have always been regarded as a blessing; no wonder, then, that the
J. W. McGarvey—The Four-Fold Gospel

Cross References
Hebrews 11:21
By faith Jacob, when he was dying, blessed each of Joseph's sons, and worshiped as he leaned on the top of his staff.

Genesis 22:11
But the angel of the LORD called out to him from heaven, "Abraham! Abraham!" "Here I am," he replied.

Genesis 22:15
The angel of the LORD called to Abraham from heaven a second time

Genesis 28:13
There above it stood the LORD, and he said: "I am the LORD, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac. I will give you and your descendants the land on which you are lying.

Genesis 28:14
Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring.

Genesis 31:11
The angel of God said to me in the dream, 'Jacob.' I answered, 'Here I am.'

Genesis 46:3
"I am God, the God of your father," he said. "Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there.

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