New International Version
So God said to Noah, "This is the sign of the covenant I have established between me and all life on the earth."
King James Bible
And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.
Darby Bible Translation
And God said to Noah, This is the sign of the covenant which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.
World English Bible
God said to Noah, "This is the token of the covenant which I have established between me and all flesh that is on the earth."
Young's Literal Translation
And God saith unto Noah, 'This is a token of the covenant which I have established between Me and all flesh that is upon the earth.'
Genesis 9:17 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
This is the token - אות oth, The Divine sign or portent: The bow shall be in the cloud. For the reasons above specified it must be there, when the circumstances already mentioned occur; if therefore it cannot fail because of the reasons before assigned, no more shall my promise; and the bow shall be the proof of its perpetuity.
Both the Greeks and Latins, as well as the Hebrews, have ever considered the rainbow as a Divine token or portent; and both of these nations have even deified it, and made it a messenger of the gods.
Homer, Il. xi., ver. 27, speaking of the figures on Agamemnon's breastplate, says there were three dragons, whose colors were
- - ιρισσιν εοικοτες, ἁς τε Κρονων.
Εν νεφεΐ στηριξε, τερας μεροπων ανθρωπων.
"like to the rainbow which the son of Saturn has placed in the cloud as a Sign to mankind," or to men of various languages, for so the μεροπων ανθρωπων of the poet has been understood. Some have thought that the ancient Greek writers give this epithet to man from some tradition of the confusion and multiplication of tongues at Babel; hence in this place the words may be understood as implying mankind at large, the whole human race; God having given the rainbow for a sign to all the descendants of Noah, by whom the whole earth was peopled after the flood. Thus the celestial bow speaks a universal language, understood by all the sons and daughters of Adam. Virgil, from some disguised traditionary figure of the truth, considers the rainbow as a messenger of the gods. Aen. v., ver. 606:
Irim de caelo misit Saturnia Juno.
"Juno, the daughter of Saturn, sent down the rainbow from heaven;" and again, Aen. ix., ver. 803: -
aeriam caelo nam Jupiter Irim Demisit.
"For Jupiter sent down the ethereal rainbow from heaven."
It is worthy of remark that both these poets understood the rainbow to be a sign, warning, or portent from heaven."
As I believe the rainbow to have been intended solely for the purpose mentioned in the text, I forbear to make spiritual uses and illustrations of it. Many have done this, and their observations may be very edifying, but they certainly have no foundation in the text.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Eversley. Quinquagesima Sunday, 1872. Genesis ix. 1, 3, 4, 5, 6. "And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. . . . Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat for you . . . But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat. And surely your blood of your lives will I require: at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require …
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons
Covenanting Enforced by the Grant of Covenant Signs and Seals.
Covenanting According to the Purposes of God.
Covenanting Predicted in Prophecy.
And God said, "This is the sign of the covenant I am making between me and you and every living creature with you, a covenant for all generations to come:
Whenever the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and all living creatures of every kind on the earth."
The sons of Noah who came out of the ark were Shem, Ham and Japheth. (Ham was the father of Canaan.)
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