Hebrews 6:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
instruction about cleansing rites, the laying on of hands, the resurrection of the dead, and eternal judgment.

King James Bible
Of the doctrine of baptisms, and of laying on of hands, and of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.

Darby Bible Translation
of [the] doctrine of washings, and of imposition of hands, and of resurrection of [the] dead, and of eternal judgment;

World English Bible
of the teaching of baptisms, of laying on of hands, of resurrection of the dead, and of eternal judgment.

Young's Literal Translation
of the teaching of baptisms, of laying on also of hands, of rising again also of the dead, and of judgment age-during,

Hebrews 6:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Of the doctrine of baptisms - "There were two things," says Dr. Owen, "peculiar to the Gospel, the doctrine of it and the gifts of the Holy Ghost. Doctrine is called baptism, Deuteronomy 32:2; hence the people are said to be baptized to Moses, when they were initiated into his doctrines, 1 Corinthians 11:2. The baptism of John was his doctrine, Acts 19:3; and the baptism of Christ was the doctrine of Christ, wherewith he was to sprinkle many nations, Isaiah 52:15. This is the first baptism of the Gospel, even its doctrine. The other was the communication of the gifts of the Holy Ghost, Acts 1:5; and this alone is what is intended by the laying on of hands; and then the sense will be the foundation of the Gospel baptisms, namely preaching and the gifts of the Holy Ghost."

I am afraid, with all this great man's learning, he has not hit the meaning of the apostle. As teaching is the means by which we are to obtain the gifts of the Holy Ghost, surely the apostle never designed to separate them, but to lead men immediately through the one to the possession of the other. Nor is the word baptism mentioned in the passage in Deuteronomy which he quotes; nor, indeed, any word properly synonymous. Neither βαπτισμος, baptism, ῥαντισμος, sprinkling, nor any verb formed from them, is found in the Septuagint, in that place. But the other proofs are sufficiently in point, viz. that by baptism in the other places referred to, doctrine or Teaching is meant; but to call Teaching one baptism, and the gifts of The Holy Ghost another baptism, and to apply this to the explanation of the difficulty here, is very far from being satisfactory.

I am inclined to think that all the terms in this verse, as well as those in the former, belong to the Levitical law, and are to be explained on that ground.

Baptisms, or immersions of the body in water, sprinklings, and washings, were frequent as religious rites among the Hebrews, and were all emblematical of that purity which a holy God requires in his worshippers, and without which they cannot be happy here, nor glorified in heaven.

Laying on of hands - Was also frequent, especially in sacrifices: the person bringing the victim laid his hands on its head, confessed his sins over it, and then gave it to the priest to be offered to God, that it might make atonement for his transgressions. This also had respect to Jesus Christ, that Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world.

The doctrine also of the resurrection of the dead and of eternal judgment, were both Jewish, but were only partially revealed, and then referred to the Gospel. Of the resurrection of the dead there is a fine proof in Isaiah 26:19, where it is stated to be the consequence of the death and resurrection of Christ, for so I understand the words, Thy dead shall live; with my dead body shall they arise: awake and sing, ye that dwell in the dust; for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead. The valley of dry bones, Ezekiel 37:1, etc., is both an illustration and proof of it. And Daniel has taught both the resurrection and the eternal judgment, Daniel 12:2 : And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake; some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

Now the foundation of all these doctrines was laid in the Old Testament, and they were variously represented under the law, but they were all referred to the Gospel for their proof and illustration. The apostle, therefore, wishes them to consider the Gospel as holding forth these in their full spirit and power. It preaches,

1. Repentance, unto life.

2. Faith in God through Christ, by whom we receive the atonement.

3. The baptism by water, in the name of the holy Trinity; and the baptism of the Holy Ghost.

4. The imposition of hands, the true sacrificial system; and, by and through it, the communication of the various gifts of the Holy Spirit, for the instruction of mankind, and the edification of the Church.

5. The resurrection of the dead, which is both proved and illustrated by the resurrection of Christ.

6. The doctrine of the eternal or future judgment, which is to take place at the bar of Christ himself, God having committed all judgment to his Son, called here κριμα αιωνιον, eternal or ever during judgment, because the sentences then pronounced shall be irreversible.

Some understand the whole of the initiation of persons into the Church, as the candidates for admission were previously instructed in those doctrines which contained the fundamental principles of Christianity. The Hebrews had already received these; but should they Judaize, or mingle the Gospel with the law, they would thereby exclude themselves from the Christian Church, and should they be ever again admitted, they must come through the same gate, or lay a second time, παλιν, this foundation. But should they totally apostatize from Christ, and finally reject him, then it would be impossible to renew them again to repentance - they could no more be received into the Christian Church, nor have any right to any blessing of the Gospel dispensation; and, finally rejecting the Lord who bought them, would bring on themselves and their land swift destruction. See the 4th and following verses, and particularly the notes on Hebrews 6:8-9 (note).

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the doctrine.

Hebrews 9:10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

Mark 7:4,8 And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold...

Luke 11:38 And when the Pharisee saw it, he marveled that he had not first washed before dinner.

*Gr:

Matthew 3:14 But John forbade him, saying, I have need to be baptized of you, and come you to me?

Matthew 20:22,23 But Jesus answered and said, You know not what you ask. Are you able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of...

Matthew 28:19 Go you therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:

Mark 16:16 He that believes and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believes not shall be damned.

Luke 3:16 John answered, saying to them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I comes...

Luke 12:50 But I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I straitened till it be accomplished!

John 1:33 And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said to me, On whom you shall see the Spirit descending...

John 3:25,26 Then there arose a question between some of John's disciples and the Jews about purifying...

John 4:1,2 When therefore the LORD knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John...

Acts 2:38,41 Then Peter said to them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins...

Acts 8:12,13,16,36-38 But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized...

Acts 10:47 Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?

Acts 16:15,33 And when she was baptized, and her household, she sought us, saying, If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord...

Acts 19:2-5 He said to them, Have you received the Holy Ghost since you believed? And they said to him...

Romans 6:3,4 Know you not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death...

1 Corinthians 1:12-17 Now this I say, that every one of you said, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ...

1 Corinthians 10:2 And were all baptized to Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

1 Corinthians 12:13 For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free...

Colossians 2:12 Buried with him in baptism, wherein also you are risen with him through the faith of the operation of God...

1 Peter 3:20,21 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing...

laying.

Acts 6:6 Whom they set before the apostles: and when they had prayed, they laid their hands on them.

Acts 8:14-18 Now when the apostles which were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent to them Peter and John...

Acts 13:3 And when they had fasted and prayed, and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.

Acts 19:6 And when Paul had laid his hands on them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spoke with tongues, and prophesied.

resurrection.

Hebrews 11:35 Women received their dead raised to life again: and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance...

Isaiah 26:19 Your dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, you that dwell in dust...

Ezekiel 37:1-14 The hand of the LORD was on me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD...

Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.

Matthew 22:23-32 The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him...

Luke 14:14 And you shall be blessed; for they cannot recompense you: for you shall be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.

John 5:29 And shall come forth; they that have done good, to the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil...

John 11:24,25 Martha said to him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day...

Acts 4:2 Being grieved that they taught the people, and preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead.

Acts 17:18,31,32 Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoicks, encountered him. And some said, What will this babbler say? other some...

Acts 23:6 But when Paul perceived that the one part were Sadducees, and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, Men and brothers...

Acts 24:15,21 And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead...

Acts 26:8 Why should it be thought a thing incredible with you, that God should raise the dead?

Romans 6:5 For if we have been planted together in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection:

1 Corinthians 15:13-57 But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen...

Philippians 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like to his glorious body...

1 Thessalonians 4:14-18 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him...

2 Timothy 2:18 Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.

eternal.

Ecclesiastes 12:14 For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.

Matthew 25:31-46 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory...

Acts 17:31 Because he has appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he has ordained...

Acts 24:25 And as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go your way for this time...

Romans 2:5-10,16 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation...

2 Corinthians 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things done in his body...

2 Peter 3:7 But the heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store...

Jude 1:14,15 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of his saints...

Revelation 20:10-15 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are...

Library
Final Perseverance
Looking at the scope of the whole passage, it appears to us that the Apostle wished to push the disciples on. There is a tendency in the human mind to stop short of the heavenly mark. As soon as ever we have attained to the first principles of religion, have passed through baptism, and understand the resurrection of the dead, there is a tendency in us to sit still; to say, "I have passed from death unto life; here I may take my stand and rest;" whereas, the Christian life was intended not to be a
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 2: 1856

Analysis Necessary.
"Let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation." --Heb. vi. 1. To systematize the work of the Holy Spirit in individuals, we must first consider their spiritual condition before conversion. Misunderstanding concerning this leads to error and confusion. It causes the various operations of the Holy Spirit to be confounded, so that the same terms are used to designate different things. And this confuses one's own thought, and leads others astray. This is most seriously apparent in ministers
Abraham Kuyper—The Work of the Holy Spirit

The Joint Heirs and their Divine Portion
I would invite you, my brethren in Christ Jesus, this morning, to do three things; first, let us consider the terms of the will--"joint heirs with Christ;" secondly, let us go forth and view the estates--what it is of which we are joint heirs; and when we have done so, let us proceed at once to administer, for God hath made his children administrators as web as heirs. I. First, then, there is A LEGAL TERM IN THE WILL UPON WHICH THE WHOLE MATTER WILL HINGE. We are called "joint heirs with Christ"--what
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 7: 1861

Inconsideration Deplored. Rev. Joshua Priestley.
"And they consider not in their hearts that I remember all their wickedness."--HOSEA vii. 2. Is it possible for any man to conceive of truths more fitted to arrest the attention and impress the heart than are those contained in this volume? It has been said that if a blank book had been put into our hands, and every one of us had been asked to put into it the promises we should like to find there, we could not have employed language so explicit, so expressive, and so suited to all our varied wants,
Knowles King—The Wesleyan Methodist Pulpit in Malvern

Cross References
John 3:25
An argument developed between some of John's disciples and a certain Jew over the matter of ceremonial washing.

Acts 6:6
They presented these men to the apostles, who prayed and laid their hands on them.

Acts 17:31
For he has set a day when he will judge the world with justice by the man he has appointed. He has given proof of this to everyone by raising him from the dead."

Acts 19:3
So Paul asked, "Then what baptism did you receive?" "John's baptism," they replied.

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