New International Version
to proclaim the year of the LORD's favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn,
King James Bible
To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
Darby Bible Translation
to proclaim the acceptable year of Jehovah, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;
World English Bible
to proclaim the year of Yahweh's favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn;
Young's Literal Translation
To proclaim the year of the good pleasure of Jehovah, And the day of vengeance of our God, To comfort all mourners.
Isaiah 61:2 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me "The Spirit of Jehovah is upon me" - The Septuagint, Vulgate, and St. Luke, (Luke 4:18), and a MS., and two old editions omit the word אדני Adonai, the Lord; which was probably added to the text through the superstition of the Jews, to prevent the pronunciation of the word יהוה Jehovah following. See Kennicott on the state of the printed Hebrew text, vol. i., p. 610.
In most of Isaiah's prophecies there is a primary and secondary sense, or a remote subject illustrated by one that is near. The deliverance of the Jews from their captivity in Babylon is constantly used to shadow forth the salvation of men by Jesus Christ. Even the prophet himself is a typical person, and is sometimes intended to represent the great Savior. It is evident from Luke 4:18 that this is a prophecy of our blessed Lord and his preaching; and yet it is as evident that it primarily refers to Isaiah preaching the glad tidings of deliverance to the Jews.
The opening of the prison "Perfect liberty" - פקח קוח pekach koach. Ten MSS. of Kennicott's, several of De Rossi's, and one of my own, with the Complutensian, have פקחקוח pekachkoach in one word; and so the Septuagint and Vulgate appear to have taken it: not merely opening of prisons, but every kind of liberty - complete redemption.
The proclaiming of perfect liberty to the bound, and the year of acceptance with Jehovah. is a manifest allusion to the proclaiming of the year of jubilee by sound of trumpet. See Leviticus 25:9, etc. This was a year of general release of debts and obligations, of bondmen and bondwomen, of lands and possessions which had been sold from the families and tribes to which they belonged. Our Savior, by applying this text to himself, (Luke 4:18, Luke 4:19), a text so manifestly relating to the institution above mentioned, plainly declares the typical design of that institution.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
'To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness.'--ISAIAH lxi. 3. In the little synagogue of Nazareth Jesus began His ministry by laying His hand upon this great prophecy and saying, 'It is Mine! I have fulfilled it.' The prophet had been painting the ideal Messianic Deliverer, with special reference to the return from the Babylonian captivity. That was 'the liberty to the captives, and the …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
Thirtieth Lesson. An Holy Priesthood;'
The First Galilean Ministry.
Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.
to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor."
Therefore the Lord, the LORD Almighty, the Mighty One of Israel, declares: "Ah! I will vent my wrath on my foes and avenge myself on my enemies.
The LORD Almighty has a day in store for all the proud and lofty, for all that is exalted (and they will be humbled),
Wail, for the day of the LORD is near; it will come like destruction from the Almighty.
The LORD is angry with all nations; his wrath is on all their armies. He will totally destroy them, he will give them over to slaughter.
For the LORD has a day of vengeance, a year of retribution, to uphold Zion's cause.
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