James 2:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Was not our father Abraham considered righteous for what he did when he offered his son Isaac on the altar?

King James Bible
Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?

Darby Bible Translation
Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar?

World English Bible
Wasn't Abraham our father justified by works, in that he offered up Isaac his son on the altar?

Young's Literal Translation
Abraham our father -- was not he declared righteous out of works, having brought up Isaac his son upon the altar?

James 2:21 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Was not Abraham our father - Did not the conduct of Abraham, in offering up his son Isaac on the altar, sufficiently prove that he believed in God, and that it was his faith in him that led him to this extraordinary act of obedience?

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Abraham.

Joshua 24:3 And I took your father Abraham from the other side of the flood, and led him throughout all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his seed...

Isaiah 51:2 Look to Abraham your father, and to Sarah that bore you: for I called him alone, and blessed him, and increased him.

Matthew 3:9 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say to you...

Luke 1:73 The oath which he swore to our father Abraham,

Luke 16:24,30 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water...

John 8:39,53 They answered and said to him, Abraham is our father. Jesus said to them, If you were Abraham's children...

Acts 7:2 And he said, Men, brothers, and fathers, listen; The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia...

Romans 4:1,12,16 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, has found...

justified.

James 2:18,24 Yes, a man may say, You have faith, and I have works: show me your faith without your works, and I will show you my faith by my works...

Psalm 143:2 And enter not into judgment with your servant: for in your sight shall no man living be justified.

Matthew 12:37 For by your words you shall be justified, and by your words you shall be condemned.

Matthew 25:31-40 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory...

Romans 3:20 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

when.

Genesis 22:9-12,16-18 And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order...

Library
Fruitless Faith
"Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone."--James 2:17. WHATEVER the statement of James may be, it could never have been his intention to contradict the gospel. It could never be possible that the Holy Spirit would say one thing in one place, and another in another. Statements of Paul and of James must be reconciled, and if they were not, I would be prepared sooner to throw overboard the statement of James than that of Paul. Luther did so, I think, most unjustifiably. If you ask
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 60: 1914

The Middle Colonies: the Jerseys, Delaware, and Pennsylvania --The Quaker Colonization --Georgia.
THE bargainings and conveyancings, the confirmations and reclamations, the setting up and overturning, which, after the conquest of the New Netherlands, had the effect to detach the peninsula of New Jersey from the jurisdiction of New York, and to divide it for a time into two governments, belong to political history; but they had, of course, an important influence on the planting of the church in that territory. One result of them was a wide diversity of materials in the early growth of the church.
Leonard Woolsey Bacon—A History of American Christianity

Whether Justice and Mercy are Present in all God's Works
Whether Justice and Mercy are Present in all God's Works We proceed to the fourth article thus: 1. Justice and mercy do not appear to be present in every work of God. For some of God's works are attributed to his mercy, as for example the justification of the ungodly, while other works are attributed to his justice, as for example the condemnation of the ungodly. Thus it is said in James 2:13: "he shall have judgment without mercy that hath showed no mercy." Hence justice and mercy are not present
Aquinas—Nature and Grace

Whether Fear is an Effect of Faith
Whether Fear is an Effect of Faith We proceed to the first article thus: 1. It seems that fear is not an effect of faith. For an effect does not precede its cause. But fear precedes faith, since it is said in Ecclesiasticus 2:8: "Ye that fear God, believe in him." Hence fear is not an effect of faith. 2. Again, the same thing is not the cause of contrary effects. Now it was said in 12ae, Q. 23, Art. 2, that fear and hope are contraries, and the gloss on Matt. 1:2, "Abraham begat Isaac," says that
Aquinas—Nature and Grace

Cross References
Genesis 22:9
When they reached the place God had told him about, Abraham built an altar there and arranged the wood on it. He bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood.

Genesis 22:10
Then he reached out his hand and took the knife to slay his son.

Genesis 22:12
"Do not lay a hand on the boy," he said. "Do not do anything to him. Now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld from me your son, your only son."

Hebrews 11:17
By faith Abraham, when God tested him, offered Isaac as a sacrifice. He who had embraced the promises was about to sacrifice his one and only son,

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