James 2:23
Parallel Verses
New International Version
And the scripture was fulfilled that says, "Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness," and he was called God's friend.

King James Bible
And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.

Darby Bible Translation
And the scripture was fulfilled which says, Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness, and he was called Friend of God.

World English Bible
and the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him as righteousness;" and he was called the friend of God.

Young's Literal Translation
and fulfilled was the Writing that is saying, 'And Abraham did believe God, and it was reckoned to him -- to righteousness;' and, 'Friend of God' he was called.

James 2:23 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The scripture was fulfilled - He believed God; this faith was never inactive, it was accounted to him for righteousness: and being justified by thus believing, his life of obedience showed that he had not received the grace of God in vain. See the notes on Genesis 15:6; Romans 4:3 (note); Galatians 3:6 (note); where this subject is largely explained.

The friend of God - The highest character ever given to man. As among friends every thing is in common; so God took Abraham into intimate communion with himself, and poured out upon him the choicest of his blessings: for as God can never be in want, because he possesses all things; so Abraham his friend could never be destitute, because God was his friend.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the scripture.

Mark 12:10 And have you not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:

Mark 15:28 And the scripture was fulfilled, which said, And he was numbered with the transgressors.

Luke 4:21 And he began to say to them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

Acts 1:16 Men and brothers, this scripture must needs have been fulfilled...

Romans 9:17 For the scripture said to Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised you up, that I might show my power in you...

Romans 11:2 God has not cast away his people which he foreknew. Know you not what the scripture said of Elias?...

Galatians 3:8-10,22 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel to Abraham, saying...

2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction...

1 Peter 2:6 Why also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious...

Abraham.

Genesis 15:6 And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.

Romans 4:3-6,10,11,22-24 For what said the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him for righteousness...

Galatians 3:6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.

the Friend.

Exodus 33:11 And the LORD spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua...

2 Chronicles 20:7 Are not you our God, who did drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel...

Job 16:21 O that one might plead for a man with God, as a man pleads for his neighbor!

*marg:

Isaiah 41:8 But you, Israel, are my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend.

John 15:13-15 Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends...

Library
Fruitless Faith
"Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone."--James 2:17. WHATEVER the statement of James may be, it could never have been his intention to contradict the gospel. It could never be possible that the Holy Spirit would say one thing in one place, and another in another. Statements of Paul and of James must be reconciled, and if they were not, I would be prepared sooner to throw overboard the statement of James than that of Paul. Luther did so, I think, most unjustifiably. If you ask
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 60: 1914

The Middle Colonies: the Jerseys, Delaware, and Pennsylvania --The Quaker Colonization --Georgia.
THE bargainings and conveyancings, the confirmations and reclamations, the setting up and overturning, which, after the conquest of the New Netherlands, had the effect to detach the peninsula of New Jersey from the jurisdiction of New York, and to divide it for a time into two governments, belong to political history; but they had, of course, an important influence on the planting of the church in that territory. One result of them was a wide diversity of materials in the early growth of the church.
Leonard Woolsey Bacon—A History of American Christianity

Whether Justice and Mercy are Present in all God's Works
Whether Justice and Mercy are Present in all God's Works We proceed to the fourth article thus: 1. Justice and mercy do not appear to be present in every work of God. For some of God's works are attributed to his mercy, as for example the justification of the ungodly, while other works are attributed to his justice, as for example the condemnation of the ungodly. Thus it is said in James 2:13: "he shall have judgment without mercy that hath showed no mercy." Hence justice and mercy are not present
Aquinas—Nature and Grace

Whether Fear is an Effect of Faith
Whether Fear is an Effect of Faith We proceed to the first article thus: 1. It seems that fear is not an effect of faith. For an effect does not precede its cause. But fear precedes faith, since it is said in Ecclesiasticus 2:8: "Ye that fear God, believe in him." Hence fear is not an effect of faith. 2. Again, the same thing is not the cause of contrary effects. Now it was said in 12ae, Q. 23, Art. 2, that fear and hope are contraries, and the gloss on Matt. 1:2, "Abraham begat Isaac," says that
Aquinas—Nature and Grace

Cross References
Genesis 15:6
Abram believed the LORD, and he credited it to him as righteousness.

2 Chronicles 20:7
Our God, did you not drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel and give it forever to the descendants of Abraham your friend?

Isaiah 41:8
"But you, Israel, my servant, Jacob, whom I have chosen, you descendants of Abraham my friend,

Romans 4:3
What does Scripture say? "Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness."

James 2:24
You see that a person is considered righteous by what they do and not by faith alone.

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