Job 14:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
A person's days are determined; you have decreed the number of his months and have set limits he cannot exceed.

King James Bible
Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with thee, thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;

Darby Bible Translation
If his days are determined, if the number of his months is with thee, [and] thou hast appointed his bounds which he must not pass,

World English Bible
Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months is with you, and you have appointed his bounds that he can't pass;

Young's Literal Translation
If determined are his days, The number of his months are with Thee, His limit Thou hast made, And he passeth not over;

Job 14:5 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Seeing his days are determined - The general term of human life is fixed by God himself; in vain are all attempts to prolong it beyond this term. Several attempts have been made in all nations to find an elixir that would expel all the seeds of disease, and keep men in continual health; but all these attempts have failed. Basil, Valentine, Norton, Dastin, Ripley, Sandivogius, Artephius, Geber, Van Helmont, Paracelsus, Philalethes, and several others, both in Europe and Asia, have written copiously on the subject, and have endeavored to prove that a tincture might be produced, by which all imperfect metals may be transmuted into perfect; and an elixir by which the human body may be kept in a state of endless repair and health. And these profess to teach the method by which this tincture and this elixir may be made! Yet all these are dead; and dead, for aught we know, comparatively young! Artephius is, indeed, said to have lived ninety years, which is probable; but some of his foolish disciples, to give credit to their thriftless craft, added another cipher, and made his age nine hundred! Man may endeavor to pass the bound; and God may, here and there, produce a Thomas Parr, who died in 1635, aged one hundred and fifty-two; and a Henry Jenkins, who died in 1670, aged one hundred and sixty-nine; but these are rare instances, and do not affect the general term. Nor can death be avoided. Dust thou art, and unto dust thou shalt return, is the law, and that will ever render nugatory all such pretended tinctures and elixirs. But, although man cannot pass his appointed bounds, yet he may so live as never to reach them; for folly and wickedness abridge the term of human life; and therefore the psalmist says, Bloody and deceitful men shall not live out Half their days, Psalm 55:23, for by indolence, intemperance, and disorderly passions, the life of man is shortened in cases innumerable. We are not to understand the bounds as applying to individuals, but to the race in general. Perhaps there is no case in which God has determined absolutely that man's age shall be so long, and shall neither be more nor less. The contrary supposition involves innumerable absurdities.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

his days

Job 14:14 If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.

Job 7:1 Is there not an appointed time to man on earth? are not his days also like the days of an hireling?

Job 12:10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.

Psalm 39:4 LORD, make me to know my end, and the measure of my days, what it is: that I may know how frail I am.

Daniel 5:26,30 This is the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God has numbered your kingdom, and finished it...

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins...

Daniel 11:36 And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god...

Luke 12:20 But God said to him, You fool, this night your soul shall be required of you: then whose shall those things be...

Acts 17:26 And has made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined the times before appointed...

Hebrews 9:27 And as it is appointed to men once to die, but after this the judgment:

the number

Job 21:21 For what pleasure has he in his house after him, when the number of his months is cut off in the middle?

thou hast

Job 23:13,14 But he is in one mind, and who can turn him? and what his soul desires, even that he does...

Psalm 104:9,29 You have set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth...

Daniel 4:35 And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing: and he does according to his will in the army of heaven...

Revelation 1:18 I am he that lives, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for ever more, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.

Revelation 3:7 And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things said he that is holy, he that is true, he that has the key of David...

Library
February 18 Evening
Adam . . . begat a son in his own likeness.--GEN. 5:3. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean?--Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. Dead in trespasses and sins; . . . by nature the children of wrath, even as others.--I am carnal, sold under sin. That which I do I allow not; for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I. I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing. By one man sin entered into the world, . . . by one man's
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

Job's Question, Jesus' Answer
'If a man die, shall he live again?'--JOB xiv. 14. '... I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in Me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: 26. And whosoever liveth and believeth in Me shall never die.'--JOHN xi. 25, 26. Job's question waited long for an answer. Weary centuries rolled away; but at last the doubting, almost despairing, cry put into the mouth of the man of sorrows of the Old Testament is answered by the Man of Sorrows of the New. The answer in words is this second
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Whether There is to be a Resurrection of the Body?
Objection 1: It would seem that there is not to be a resurrection of the body: for it is written (Job 14:12): "Man, when he is fallen asleep, shall not rise again till the heavens be broken." But the heavens shall never be broken, since the earth, to which seemingly this is still less applicable, "standeth for ever" (Eccles. 1:4). Therefore the man that is dead shall never rise again. Objection 2: Further, Our Lord proves the resurrection by quoting the words: "I am the God of Abraham, and the God
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether the Time of Our Resurrection Should be Delayed Till the End of the World?
Objection 1: It would seem that the time of the resurrection ought not to be delayed till the end of the world, so that all may rise together. For there is more conformity between head and members than between one member and another, as there is more between cause and effect than between one effect and another. Now Christ, Who is our Head, did not delay His resurrection until the end of the world, so as to rise again together with all men. Therefore there is no need for the resurrection of the early
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Job 21:21
For what do they care about the families they leave behind when their allotted months come to an end?

Psalm 31:15
My times are in your hands; deliver me from the hands of my enemies, from those who pursue me.

Psalm 139:16
Your eyes saw my unformed body; all the days ordained for me were written in your book before one of them came to be.

Ecclesiastes 3:2
a time to be born and a time to die, a time to plant and a time to uproot,

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