Job 29:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
I was a father to the needy; I took up the case of the stranger.

King James Bible
I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

Darby Bible Translation
I was a father to the needy, and the cause which I knew not I searched out;

World English Bible
I was a father to the needy. The cause of him who I didn't know, I searched out.

Young's Literal Translation
A father I am to the needy, And the cause I have not known I search out.

Job 29:16 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The cause which I knew not I searched out - When any thing difficult occurred, I did not give it a slight consideration; I examined it to the bottom, whatever pain, time, and trouble it cost me, that I might not pronounce a hasty judgment.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

a father

Job 31:18 (For from my youth he was brought up with me, as with a father, and I have guided her from my mother's womb;)

Esther 2:7 And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's daughter: for she had neither father nor mother...

Psalm 68:5 A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, is God in his holy habitation.

Ephesians 5:1 Be you therefore followers of God, as dear children;

James 1:27 Pure religion and undefiled before God and the Father is this, To visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction...

the cause

Exodus 18:26 And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought to Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.

Deuteronomy 13:14 Then shall you inquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and the thing certain...

Deuteronomy 17:8-10 If there arise a matter too hard for you in judgment, between blood and blood, between plea and plea, and between stroke and stroke...

1 Kings 3:16-28 Then came there two women, that were harlots, to the king, and stood before him...

Proverbs 25:2 It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honor of kings is to search out a matter.

Proverbs 29:7 The righteous considers the cause of the poor: but the wicked regards not to know it.

Library
Comfort for the Desponding
At once to the subject. A complaint; its cause and cure; and then close up with an exhortation to stir up your pure minds, if you are in such a position. I. First, there is a COMPLAINT. How many a Christian looks on the past with pleasure, on the future with dread, and on the present with sorrow! There are many who look back upon the days that they have passed in the fear of the Lord as being the sweetest and the best they have ever had, but as to the present, it is clad in a sable garb of gloom
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 1: 1855

The Case of the Christian under the Hiding of God's Face.
1. The phrase scriptural.--2. It signifies the withdrawing the tokens of the divine favor.--3 chiefly as to spiritual considerations.--4. This may become the case of any Christian.--5. and will be found a very sorrowful one.--6. The following directions, therefore, are given to those who suppose it to be their own: To inquire whether it be indeed a case of spiritual distress, or whether a disconsolate frame may not proceed from indisposition of body,--7. or difficulties as to worldly circumstances.--8,
Philip Doddridge—The Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul

No Sorrow Like Messiah's Sorrow
Is it nothing to you, all you who pass by? Behold, and see, if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow! A lthough the Scriptures of the Old Testament, the law of Moses, the Psalms, and the Prophecies (Luke 24:44) , bear an harmonious testimony to MESSIAH ; it is not necessary to suppose that every single passage has an immediate and direct relation to Him. A method of exposition has frequently obtained [frequently been in vogue], of a fanciful and allegorical cast [contrivance], under the pretext
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 1

Job
The book of Job is one of the great masterpieces of the world's literature, if not indeed the greatest. The author was a man of superb literary genius, and of rich, daring, and original mind. The problem with which he deals is one of inexhaustible interest, and his treatment of it is everywhere characterized by a psychological insight, an intellectual courage, and a fertility and brilliance of resource which are nothing less than astonishing. Opinion has been divided as to how the book should be
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Job 4:3
Think how you have instructed many, how you have strengthened feeble hands.

Job 24:4
They thrust the needy from the path and force all the poor of the land into hiding.

Proverbs 29:7
The righteous care about justice for the poor, but the wicked have no such concern.

Isaiah 22:21
I will clothe him with your robe and fasten your sash around him and hand your authority over to him. He will be a father to those who live in Jerusalem and to the people of Judah.

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