Job 33:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They draw near to the pit, and their life to the messengers of death.

King James Bible
Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave, and his life to the destroyers.

Darby Bible Translation
And his soul draweth near to the pit, and his life to the destroyers.

World English Bible
Yes, his soul draws near to the pit, and his life to the destroyers.

Young's Literal Translation
And draw near to the pit doth his soul, And his life to those causing death.

Job 33:22 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

His soul draweth near unto the grave - נפש nephesh, soul, is here taken for the immortal spirit, as it is distinguished from חיה chaiyah, the animal life. The former draws near to the pit, שחת shachath, corruption; perhaps he meant dissipation, considering it merely as the breath. The latter draws near לממתים lamemithim, to the dead; i.e., to those who are already buried. Mr. Good translates it the Destinies; and supposes the same is meant among the Hebrews by the Memithim, as among the Greeks by their Μοιραι; the Latins, by their Parcae; the Goths, by their Fatal Sisters; the Scandinavians, by their goddess Hela; and the Arabians, by Azrael, or the angel of death. I think, however, the signification given above is more natural.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

his soul

Job 7:7 O remember that my life is wind: my eye shall no more see good.

Job 17:1,13-16 My breath is corrupt, my days are extinct, the graves are ready for me...

1 Samuel 2:6 The LORD kills, and makes alive: he brings down to the grave, and brings up.

Psalm 30:3 O LORD, you have brought up my soul from the grave: you have kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit.

Psalm 88:3-5 For my soul is full of troubles: and my life draws near to the grave...

Isaiah 38:10 I said in the cutting off of my days, I shall go to the gates of the grave: I am deprived of the residue of my years.

his life

Job 15:21 A dreadful sound is in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come on him.

Exodus 12:23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he sees the blood on the lintel, and on the two side posts...

2 Samuel 24:16 And when the angel stretched out his hand on Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD repented him of the evil...

Psalm 17:4 Concerning the works of men, by the word of your lips I have kept me from the paths of the destroyer.

Acts 12:23 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.

1 Corinthians 10:10 Neither murmur you, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.

Revelation 9:11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon...

Library
The Host of Heaven and of Earth.
"The Spirit of God hath made me."--Job xxxiii. 4. Understanding somewhat the characteristic note of the work of the Holy Spirit, let us see what this work was and is and shall be. The Father brings forth, the Son disposes and arranges, the Holy Spirit perfects. There is one God and Father of whom are all things, and one Lord Jesus Christ through whom are all things; but what does the Scripture say of the special work the Holy Spirit did in creation and is still doing? For the sake of order we examine
Abraham Kuyper—The Work of the Holy Spirit

Whether for the Justification of the Ungodly is Required a Movement of the Free-Will?
Objection 1: It would seem that no movement of the free-will is required for the justification of the ungodly. For we see that by the sacrament of Baptism, infants and sometimes adults are justified without a movement of their free-will: hence Augustine says (Confess. iv) that when one of his friends was taken with a fever, "he lay for a long time senseless and in a deadly sweat, and when he was despaired of, he was baptized without his knowing, and was regenerated"; which is effected by sanctifying
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

The Angel of the Lord in the Pentateuch, and the Book of Joshua.
The New Testament distinguishes between the hidden God and the revealed God--the Son or Logos--who is connected with the former by oneness of nature, and who from everlasting, and even at the creation itself, filled up the immeasurable distance between the Creator and the creation;--who has been the Mediator in all God's relations to the world;--who at all times, and even before He became man in Christ, has been the light of [Pg 116] the world,--and to whom, specially, was committed the direction
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

The Person and Work of the Holy Spirit as Revealed in his Names.
At least twenty-five different names are used in the Old and New Testaments in speaking of the Holy Spirit. There is the deepest significance in these names. By the careful study of them, we find a wonderful revelation of the Person and work of the Holy Spirit. I. The Spirit. The simplest name by which the Holy Spirit is mentioned in the Bible is that which stands at the head of this paragraph--"The Spirit." This name is also used as the basis of other names, so we begin our study with this.
R. A. Torrey—The Person and Work of The Holy Spirit

Cross References
Job 33:18
to preserve them from the pit, their lives from perishing by the sword.

Job 33:28
God has delivered me from going down to the pit, and I shall live to enjoy the light of life.'

Psalm 107:18
They loathed all food and drew near the gates of death.

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