Job 36:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
This is the way he governs the nations and provides food in abundance.

King James Bible
For by them judgeth he the people; he giveth meat in abundance.

Darby Bible Translation
For with them he judgeth the peoples; he giveth food in abundance.

World English Bible
For by these he judges the people. He gives food in abundance.

Young's Literal Translation
For by them He doth judge peoples, He giveth food in abundance.

Job 36:31 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

By them judgeth he the people - He makes storms, tempests, winds, hurricanes, tornadoes, thunder and lightning, drought and inundation, the instruments of his justice, to punish rebellious nations.

He giveth meat in abundance - Though by these he punishes offenders, yet through the same, as instruments, he provides for the wants of men and animals in general. Storms, tempests, and hurricanes, agitate the lower regions of the atmosphere, disperse noxious vapours, and thus render it fit for respiration; and without these it would soon become a stagnant, putrid, and deadly mass, in which neither animals could live, nor vegetables thrive. And by dews, rains, snows, frosts, winds, cold, and heat, he fructifies the earth, and causes it to bring forth abundantly, so that every thing living is filled with plenteousness. Some critics translate this latter clause thus: - He passeth sentence amain. I cannot see this meaning in the original words. Not one of the versions has so understood them; nor does this translation, supposing even that the Hebrew would bear it, give so fine and so elegant an idea as that of the common version. I always feel reluctant to give a sense in any case that is not supported in some of its parts by any of the ancient versions, and more especially when it is contrary to the whole of them; and still more particularly when opposed to the Arabic, which in the Book of Job, containing so many Arabisms, I consider to be of very great importance.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

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Job 37:13 He causes it to come, whether for correction, or for his land, or for mercy.

Job 38:22,23 Have you entered into the treasures of the snow? or have you seen the treasures of the hail...

Genesis 6:17 And, behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters on the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life...

Genesis 7:17-24 And the flood was forty days on the earth; and the waters increased, and bore up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth...

Genesis 19:24 Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

Exodus 9:23-25 And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along on the ground...

Deuteronomy 8:2,15 And you shall remember all the way which the LORD your God led you these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you, and to prove you...

Joshua 10:11 And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron...

1 Samuel 2:10 The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder on them...

1 Samuel 7:10 And as Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against Israel...

1 Samuel 12:18 So Samuel called to the LORD; and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel.

he giveth

Job 38:26,27 To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man...

Psalm 65:9-13 You visit the earth, and water it: you greatly enrich it with the river of God, which is full of water: you prepare them corn...

Psalm 104:13-15,27,28 He waters the hills from his chambers: the earth is satisfied with the fruit of your works...

Psalm 136:25 Who gives food to all flesh: for his mercy endures for ever.

Acts 14:17 Nevertheless he left not himself without witness, in that he did good, and gave us rain from heaven, and fruitful seasons...

Library
Whether by his Passion Christ Merited to be Exalted?
Objection 1: It seems that Christ did not merit to be exalted on account of His Passion. For eminence of rank belongs to God alone, just as knowledge of truth, according to Ps. 112:4: "The Lord is high above all nations, and His glory above the heavens." But Christ as man had the knowledge of all truth, not on account of any preceding merit, but from the very union of God and man, according to Jn. 1:14: "We saw His glory . . . as it were of the only-Begotten of the Father, full of grace and of truth."
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Whether the Old Law was from God?
Objection 1: It would seem that the Old Law was not from God. For it is written (Dt. 32:4): "The works of God are perfect." But the Law was imperfect, as stated above [2060](A[1]). Therefore the Old Law was not from God. Objection 2: Further, it is written (Eccles. 3:14): "I have learned that all the works which God hath made continue for ever." But the Old Law does not continue for ever: since the Apostle says (Heb. 7:18): "There is indeed a setting aside of the former commandment, because of the
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Divine Grace.
GRACE, LOYE, AND MERCY. I FIND that the goodness of God to his people is diversely expressed in his word, sometimes by the word grace, sometimes by the word love, and sometimes by the word mercy. When it is expressed by that word grace, then it is to show that what he doeth is of his princely will, his royal bounty, and sovereign pleasure. When it is expressed by that word love, then it is to show us that his affection was and is in what he doeth, and that he doeth what he doeth for us with complacency
John Bunyan—The Riches of Bunyan

Messiah's Easy Yoke
Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light. T hough the influence of education and example, may dispose us to acknowledge the Gospel to be a revelation from God; it can only be rightly understood, or duly prized, by those persons who feel themselves in the circumstances of distress, which it is designed to relieve. No Israelite would think of fleeing to a city of refuge (Joshua 20:2.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 1

Cross References
Acts 14:17
Yet he has not left himself without testimony: He has shown kindness by giving you rain from heaven and crops in their seasons; he provides you with plenty of food and fills your hearts with joy."

Job 36:30
See how he scatters his lightning about him, bathing the depths of the sea.

Job 37:13
He brings the clouds to punish people, or to water his earth and show his love.

Psalm 104:27
All creatures look to you to give them their food at the proper time.

Psalm 136:25
He gives food to every creature. His love endures forever.

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