Job 39:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Will the wild ox consent to serve you? Will it stay by your manger at night?

King James Bible
Will the unicorn be willing to serve thee, or abide by thy crib?

Darby Bible Translation
Will the buffalo be willing to serve thee, or will he lodge by thy crib?

World English Bible
"Will the wild ox be content to serve you? Or will he stay by your feeding trough?

Young's Literal Translation
Is a Reem willing to serve thee? Doth he lodge by thy crib?

Job 39:9 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Will the unicorn be willing to serve thee? - The "fine elegant animal like a horse, with one long rich curled horn growing out of his forehead," commonly called the unicorn, must be given up as fabulous. The heralds must claim him as their own; place him in their armorial bearings as they please, to indicate the unreal actions, fictitious virtues, and unfought martial exploits of mispraised men. It is not to the honor of the royal arms of Great Britain that this fabulous animal should be one of their supporters. The animal in question, called רים reim, is undoubtedly the rhinoceros, who has the latter name from the horn that grows on his nose. The rhinoceros is known by the name of reim in Arabia to the present day. He is allowed to be a savage animal, showing nothing of the intellect of the elephant. His horn enables him to combat the latter with great success; for, by putting his nose under the elephant's belly, he can rip him up. His skin is like armor, and so very hard as to resist sabres, javelins, lances, and even musket-balls; the only penetrable parts being the belly, the eyes, and about the ears.

Or abide by thy crib? - These and several of the following expressions are intended to point out his savage, untameable nature.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Numbers 23:22 God brought them out of Egypt; he has as it were the strength of an unicorn.

Deuteronomy 33:17 His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns...

Psalm 22:21 Save me from the lion's mouth: for you have heard me from the horns of the unicorns.

Psalm 92:10 But my horn shall you exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.


Isaiah 1:3 The ox knows his owner, and the donkey his master's crib: but Israel does not know, my people does not consider.

Whether Daring is a Sin?
Objection 1: It seems that daring is not a sin. For it is written (Job 39:21) concerning the horse, by which according to Gregory (Moral. xxxi) the godly preacher is denoted, that "he goeth forth boldly to meet armed men [*Vulg.: 'he pranceth boldly, he goeth forth to meet armed men']." But no vice redounds to a man's praise. Therefore it is not a sin to be daring. Objection 2: Further, according to the Philosopher (Ethic. vi, 9), "one should take counsel in thought, and do quickly what has been
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Prov. 22:06 the Duties of Parents
"Train up a child in the way he should go; and when he is old, he will not depart from it."--Prov. 22:6. I SUPPOSE that most professing Christians are acquainted with the text at the head of this page. The sound of it is probably familiar to your ears, like an old tune. It is likely you have heard it, or read it, talked of it, or quoted it, many a time. Is it not so? But, after all, how little is the substance of this text regarded! The doctrine it contains appears scarcely known, the duty it puts
John Charles Ryle—The Upper Room: Being a Few Truths for the Times

Cross References
Numbers 23:22
God brought them out of Egypt; they have the strength of a wild ox.

Deuteronomy 33:17
In majesty he is like a firstborn bull; his horns are the horns of a wild ox. With them he will gore the nations, even those at the ends of the earth. Such are the ten thousands of Ephraim; such are the thousands of Manasseh."

Job 39:8
It ranges the hills for its pasture and searches for any green thing.

Job 39:10
Can you hold it to the furrow with a harness? Will it till the valleys behind you?

Psalm 22:21
Rescue me from the mouth of the lions; save me from the horns of the wild oxen.

Psalm 29:6
He makes Lebanon leap like a calf, Sirion like a young wild ox.

Psalm 92:10
You have exalted my horn like that of a wild ox; fine oils have been poured on me.

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