Job 8:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When your children sinned against him, he gave them over to the penalty of their sin.

King James Bible
If thy children have sinned against him, and he have cast them away for their transgression;

Darby Bible Translation
If thy children have sinned against him, he hath also given them over into the hand of their transgression.

World English Bible
If your children have sinned against him, He has delivered them into the hand of their disobedience.

Young's Literal Translation
If thy sons have sinned before Him, And He doth send them away, By the hand of their transgression,

Job 8:4 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

If thy children have sinned - I know thy children have been cut off by a terrible judgment; but was it not because by transgression they had filled up the measure of their iniquity?

And he have cast them away - Has sent them off, says the Targum, to the place of their transgression - to that punishment due to their sins.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he have cast.

Job 1:5,18,19 And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning...

Job 5:4 His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them.

Job 18:16-19 His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off...

Genesis 13:13 But the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners before the LORD exceedingly.

Genesis 19:13-25 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD...

for their transgression. Heb. in the hand of their transgression.

Two Kinds of Hope
'Whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust shall be a spider's web.'--JOB viii. 14. 'And hope maketh not ashamed.'--ROMANS v. 5. These two texts take opposite sides. Bildad was not the wisest of Job's friends, and he gives utterance to solemn commonplaces with partial truth in them. In the rough it is true that the hope of the ungodly perishes, and the limits of the truth are concealed by the splendour of the imagery and the perfection of artistic form in which the well-worn platitude is draped.
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Hebrew Sages and their Proverbs
[Sidenote: Role of the sages in Israel's life] In the days of Jeremiah and Ezekiel (Jer. xviii. 18; Ezek. vii. 26) three distinct classes of religious teachers were recognized by the people: the prophets, the priests, and the wise men or sages. From their lips and pens have come practically all the writings of the Old Testament. Of these three classes the wise men or sages are far less prominent or well known. They wrote no history of Israel, they preached no public sermons, nor do they appear
Charles Foster Kent—The Origin & Permanent Value of the Old Testament

Cross References
Job 1:5
When a period of feasting had run its course, Job would make arrangements for them to be purified. Early in the morning he would sacrifice a burnt offering for each of them, thinking, "Perhaps my children have sinned and cursed God in their hearts." This was Job's regular custom.

Job 1:18
While he was still speaking, yet another messenger came and said, "Your sons and daughters were feasting and drinking wine at the oldest brother's house,

Psalm 81:12
So I gave them over to their stubborn hearts to follow their own devices.

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