New International Version
He did not say this on his own, but as high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die for the Jewish nation,
King James Bible
And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation;
Darby Bible Translation
But this he did not say of himself; but, being high priest that year, prophesied that Jesus was going to die for the nation;
World English Bible
Now he didn't say this of himself, but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus would die for the nation,
Young's Literal Translation
And this he said not of himself, but being chief priest of that year, he did prophesy that Jesus was about to die for the nation,
John 11:51 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
This spake he not of himself - Wicked and worthless as he was, God so guided his tongue that, contrary to his intention, he pronounced a prophecy of the death of Jesus Christ.
I have already remarked that the doctrine of a vicarious atonement had gained, long before this time, universal credit in the world. Words similar to these of Caiaphas are, by the prince of all the Roman poets, put in the mouth of Neptune, when promising Venus that the fleet of Aeneas should be preserved, and his whole crew should be saved, one only excepted, whose death he speaks of in these remarkable words: -
"Unum pro multis dabitar caput."
"One life shall fall, that many may be saved."
Which victim the poet informs us was Palinurus, the pilot of Aeneas's own ship, who was precipitated into the deep by a Divine influence. See Virg. Aen. v. l. 815, etc.
There was no necessity for the poet to have introduced this account. It was no historic fact, nor indeed does it tend to decorate the poem. It even pains the reader's mind; for, after suffering so much in the sufferings of the pious hero and his crew, he is at once relieved by the interposition of a god, who promises to allay the storm, disperse the clouds, preserve the fleet, and the lives of the men; but, - one must perish! The reader is again distressed, and the book ominously closes with the death of the generous Palinurus, who strove to the last to be faithful to his trust, and to preserve the life of his master and his friend. Why then did the poet introduce this? Merely, as it appears to me, to have the opportunity of showing in a few words his religious creed, on one of the most important doctrines in the world; and which the sacrificial system of Jews and Gentiles proves that all the nations of the earth credited.
As Caiaphas was high priest, his opinion was of most weight with the council; therefore God put these words in his mouth rather than into the mouth of any other of its members. It was a maxim among the Jews that no prophet ever knew the purport of his own prophecy, Moses and Isaiah excepted. They were in general organs by which God chose to speak.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibraryMarch 28 Evening
Our friend sleepeth.--JOHN 11:11. I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. If the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised: and if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished. But now is Christ risen from the …
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path
June 22 Evening
A Mystery! Saints Sorrowing and Jesus Glad!
Beloved, and yet Afflicted
Then one of them, named Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, spoke up, "You know nothing at all!
and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that year.
1 John 2:2
He is the atoning sacrifice for our sins, and not only for ours but also for the sins of the whole world.
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