Jonah 3:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Go to the great city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you."

King James Bible
Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee.

Darby Bible Translation
Arise, go to Nineveh, the great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I shall bid thee.

World English Bible
"Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and preach to it the message that I give you."

Young's Literal Translation
'Rise, go unto Nineveh, the great city, and proclaim unto it the proclamation that I am speaking unto thee;'

Jonah 3:2 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And preach unto it the preaching - וקרא את הקריאה vekera eth hakkeriah, "And cry the cry that I bid thee." Be my herald, and faithfully deliver my message. The word κηρυξ in Greek answers to the Hebrew קורא kore: both signifying a crier, a herald, a preacher; one that makes proclamation with a loud and earnest cry. Such was John Baptist, Isaiah 40:3; such was Jesus Christ, John 7:18-37; and such were all his apostles. And such earnestness becomes a ministry that has to do with immortal souls, asleep and dead in sin, hanging on the brink of perdition, and insensible of their state. The soft-speaking, gentle-toned, unmoved preacher, is never likely to awaken souls. As we preach, so the people hear; scarcely receiving any counsels that appear to have no importance by the manner in which they are delivered. But this earnestness is widely different from that noisy, blustering, screaming rant, that manifests more of the turbulence of disorderly passions, than of the real inspired influence of the Spirit of God.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Nineveh. Nineveh, the capital of Assyria, was situated on the eastern bank of the river Tigris, opposite the present Mosul, about

280 miles north of Babylon,

400 N. E. of Damascus, in latitude


20 N. longitude


10' E. It was not only a very ancient, (Ge

10:11,) but also a very great city. Strabo says that it was much larger than Babylon, the circuit of which he estimates at

385 furlongs; and, according to Diodorus Siculus, it was an oblong parallelogram, extending

150 furlongs in length,

90 in breadth, and

480 in circumference, i.e., about

20 miles long,

12 broad, and

60 in compass. This agrees with the account given here of its being an exceeding great city of three days' journey, i.e., in circuit; for

20 miles a day was the common computation for a pedestrian. It was surrounded by large walls

100 feet high, so broad that three chariots could drive abreast on them, and defended by

1,500 towers

200 feet in height. See notes on Nahum.


Jonah 1:2 Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.

Zephaniah 2:13-15 And he will stretch out his hand against the north, and destroy Assyria; and will make Nineveh a desolation, and dry like a wilderness...


Jeremiah 1:17 You therefore gird up your loins, and arise, and speak to them all that I command you: be not dismayed at their faces...

Jeremiah 15:19-21 Therefore thus said the LORD, If you return, then will I bring you again, and you shall stand before me...

Ezekiel 2:7 And you shall speak my words to them, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear: for they are most rebellious.

Ezekiel 3:17 Son of man, I have made you a watchman to the house of Israel: therefore hear the word at my mouth, and give them warning from me.

Matthew 3:8 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance:

John 5:14 Afterward Jesus finds him in the temple, and said to him, Behold, you are made whole: sin no more, lest a worse thing come to you.

Threefold Repentance
'And the word of the Lord came unto Jonah the second time, saying, 2. Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee. 3. So Jonah arose, and went unto Nineveh, according to the word of the Lord. Now Nineveh was an exceeding great city of three days' journey. 4. And Jonah began to enter into the city a day's journey, and he cried, and said, Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall he overthrown. 5. So the people of Ninoveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, and
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Whether it is Lawful for Religious to Wear Coarser Clothes than Others?
Objection 1: It would seem unlawful for religious to wear coarser clothes than others. For according to the Apostle (1 Thess. 5:22) we ought to "refrain from all appearance of evil." Now coarseness of clothes has an appearance of evil; for our Lord said (Mat. 7:15): "Beware of false prophets who come to you in the clothing of sheep": and a gloss on Apoc. 6:8, "Behold a pale horse," says: "The devil finding that he cannot succeed, neither by outward afflictions nor by manifest heresies, sends in advance
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Of a Private Fast.
That we may rightly perform a private fast, four things are to be observed:--First, The author; Secondly, The time and occasion; Thirdly, The manner; Fourthly, The ends of private fasting. 1. Of the Author. The first that ordained fasting was God himself in paradise; and it was the first law that God made, in commanding Adam to abstain from eating the forbidden fruit. God would not pronounce nor write his law without fasting (Lev. xxiii), and in his law commands all his people to fast. So does our
Lewis Bayly—The Practice of Piety

The Unchangeableness of God
The next attribute is God's unchangeableness. I am Jehovah, I change not.' Mal 3:3. I. God is unchangeable in his nature. II. In his decree. I. Unchangeable in his nature. 1. There is no eclipse of his brightness. 2. No period put to his being. [1] No eclipse of his brightness. His essence shines with a fixed lustre. With whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.' James 1:17. Thou art the same.' Psa 102:27. All created things are full of vicissitudes. Princes and emperors are subject to
Thomas Watson—A Body of Divinity

Cross References
Jeremiah 1:17
"Get yourself ready! Stand up and say to them whatever I command you. Do not be terrified by them, or I will terrify you before them.

Ezekiel 2:7
You must speak my words to them, whether they listen or fail to listen, for they are rebellious.

Jonah 3:1
Then the word of the LORD came to Jonah a second time:

Zephaniah 2:13
He will stretch out his hand against the north and destroy Assyria, leaving Nineveh utterly desolate and dry as the desert.

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