Joshua 12:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
the king of Aphek one the king of Lasharon one

King James Bible
The king of Aphek, one; the king of Lasharon, one;

Darby Bible Translation
the king of Aphek, one; the king of Lasharon, one;

World English Bible
the king of Aphek, one; the king of Lassharon, one;

Young's Literal Translation
The king of Aphek, one; The king of Lasharon, one;

Joshua 12:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Aphek - There were several cities of this name: one in the tribe of Asher, Joshua 19:30, another in the tribe of Judah, 1 Samuel 4:1; 1 Samuel 29:1; and a third in Syria, 1 Kings 20:26, and 2 Kings 13:17. Which of the two former is here intended cannot be ascertained.

Lasharon - There is no city of this name known. Some consider the ל lamed in the word לשרון lashsharon to be the sign of the genitive case, and in this sense it appears to have been understood by the Vulgate, which translates rex Saron, the king of Sharon. This was rather a district than a city, and is celebrated in the Scriptures for its fertility; Isaiah 33:9; Isaiah 35:2. Some suppose it was the same with Saron, near Lydda, mentioned Acts 9:35.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Aphek

Joshua 19:30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.

1 Samuel 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer...

Lasharon. or, Sharon

Isaiah 33:9 The earth mourns and languishes: Lebanon is ashamed and hewn down: Sharon is like a wilderness...

Library
Gilgal, in Deuteronomy 11:30 what the Place Was.
That which is said by Moses, that "Gerizim and Ebal were over-against Gilgal," Deuteronomy 11:30, is so obscure, that it is rendered into contrary significations by interpreters. Some take it in that sense, as if it were near to Gilgal: some far off from Gilgal: the Targumists read, "before Gilgal": while, as I think, they do not touch the difficulty; which lies not so much in the signification of the word Mul, as in the ambiguity of the word Gilgal. These do all seem to understand that Gilgal which
John Lightfoot—From the Talmud and Hebraica

Cross References
Joshua 12:19
the king of Madon one the king of Hazor one

Joshua 13:4
on the south; all the land of the Canaanites, from Arah of the Sidonians as far as Aphek and the border of the Amorites;

1 Samuel 4:1
And Samuel's word came to all Israel. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek.

1 Samuel 29:1
The Philistines gathered all their forces at Aphek, and Israel camped by the spring in Jezreel.

2 Kings 13:17
"Open the east window," he said, and he opened it. "Shoot!" Elisha said, and he shot. "The LORD's arrow of victory, the arrow of victory over Aram!" Elisha declared. "You will completely destroy the Arameans at Aphek."

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