New International Version
If the avenger of blood comes in pursuit, the elders must not surrender the fugitive, because the fugitive killed their neighbor unintentionally and without malice aforethought.
King James Bible
And if the avenger of blood pursue after him, then they shall not deliver the slayer up into his hand; because he smote his neighbour unwittingly, and hated him not beforetime.
Darby Bible Translation
And if the avenger of blood pursue after him, they shall not deliver the slayer up into his hand; for he smote his neighbour unwittingly, and hated him not previously.
World English Bible
If the avenger of blood pursue after him, then they shall not deliver up the manslayer into his hand; because he struck his neighbor unintentionally, and didn't hate him before.
Young's Literal Translation
'And when the redeemer of blood doth pursue after him, then they do not shut up the man-slayer into his hand, for without knowledge he hath smitten his neighbour, and is not hating him hitherto;
Joshua 20:5 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Cities of refuge - An institution of this kind was essentially necessary wherever the patriarchal law relative to the right of redemption and the avenging of blood was in force; we have already seen that the nearest of kin to a deceased person had not only the right of redeeming an inheritance that had been forfeited or alienated, but had also authority to slay on the spot the person who had slain his relative. Now, as a man might casually kill another against whom he had no ill-will, and with whom he had no quarrel, and might have his life taken away by him who was called the avenger of blood, though he had not forfeited his life to the law; therefore these privileged cities were appointed, where the person might have protection till the cause had been fully heard by the magistrates, who certainly had authority to deliver him up to the avenger, if they found, on examination, that he was not entitled to this protection. On this subject see the notes on Numbers 35:11 to the end.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibraryThe Cities of Refuge
'The Lord also spake unto Joshua, saying, 2. Speak to the children of Israel, saying, Appoint out for you cities of refuge, whereof I spake unto you by the hand of Moses: 3. That the slayer that killeth any person unawares and unwittingly may flee thither: and they shall be your refuge from the avenger of blood. 4. And when he that doth flee unto one of those cities shall stand at the entering of the gate of the city, and shall declare his cause in the ears of the elders of that city, they shall …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
Of the Cities of Refuge.
"Say to the Israelites: 'When anyone sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the LORD's commands--
They will be places of refuge from the avenger, so that anyone accused of murder may not die before they stand trial before the assembly.
Jump to PreviousAforethought Avenger Beforehand Beforetime Blood Cause Death Deliver Designing Enmity Hand Hate Hated Ignorantly Killed Malice Manslayer Neighbor Neighbour Neighbour's Past Premeditation Previously Punishment Pursue Pursues Redeemer Right Slayer Smote Struck Surrender Taker Times Unawares Unintentionally Unwittingly
Jump to NextAforethought Avenger Beforehand Beforetime Blood Cause Death Deliver Designing Enmity Hand Hate Hated Ignorantly Killed Malice Manslayer Neighbor Neighbour Neighbour's Past Premeditation Previously Punishment Pursue Pursues Redeemer Right Slayer Smote Struck Surrender Taker Times Unawares Unintentionally Unwittingly
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