Leviticus 11:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"'These are the birds you are to regard as unclean and not eat because they are unclean: the eagle, the vulture, the black vulture,

King James Bible
And these are they which ye shall have in abomination among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray,

Darby Bible Translation
And these shall ye have in abomination of the fowls; they shall not be eaten; an abomination shall they be: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the sea-eagle,

World English Bible
"'These you shall detest among the birds; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the vulture, and the black vulture,

Young's Literal Translation
And these ye do abominate of the fowl; they are not eaten, an abomination they are: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray,

Leviticus 11:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And these - among the fowls - the eagle - נשר nesher, from nashar, to lacerate, cut, or tear to pieces; hence the eagle, a most rapacious bird of prey, from its tearing the flesh of the animals it feeds on; and for this purpose birds of prey have, in general, strong, crooked talons and a hooked beak. The eagle is a cruel bird, exceedingly ravenous, and almost insatiable.

The ossifrage - Or bone-breaker, from os, a bone, and frango, I break, because it not only strips off the flesh, but breaks the bone in order to extract the marrow. In Hebrew it is called פרס peres, from paras, to break or divide in two, and probably signifies that species of the eagle anciently known by the name of ossifraga, and which we render ossifrage.

Ospray - עזניה ozniyah, from עזן azan, to be strong, vigorous; generally supposed to mean the black eagle, such as that described by Homer, Iliad. lib. xxi., ver. 252.

Αιετου οιματ' εχων μελανος, του θηρητηρος,

Ὁς θ' αμα καρτιστος τε και ωκιστος πετεηνων.

"Having the rapidity of the black eagle, that bird of prey, at once the swiftest and the strongest of the feathered race." Among the Greeks and Romans the eagle was held sacred, and is represented as carrying the thunderbolts of Jupiter. This occurs so frequently, and is so well known, that references are almost needless. See Scheuchzer.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the eagle In Hebrew, {nesher}, Chaldee, {neshar}, Syriac, {neshro}, and Arabic, {nishr}, the {eagle}, one of the largest, strongest, swiftest, fiercest, and most rapacious of the feathered race. His eye is large, dark, and piercing; his beak powerful and hooked; his legs strong and feathered; his feet yellow and armed with four very long and terrific claws; his wings very large and powerful; his body compact and robust; his bone hard; his body compact and robust; his bones hard; his flesh firm; his feathers coarse; his attitude fierce and erect; his motions lively; his flight extremely rapid and towering; and his cry the terror of every wing.

Deuteronomy 14:12-20 But these are they of which you shall not eat: the eagle, and the ossifrage, and the ospray...

Job 28:7 There is a path which no fowl knows, and which the vulture's eye has not seen:

Job 38:41 Who provides for the raven his food? when his young ones cry to God, they wander for lack of meat.

Job 39:27-30 Does the eagle mount up at your command, and make her nest on high...

Jeremiah 4:13,22 Behold, he shall come up as clouds, and his chariots shall be as a whirlwind: his horses are swifter than eagles...

Jeremiah 48:40 For thus said the LORD; Behold, he shall fly as an eagle, and shall spread his wings over Moab.

Lamentations 4:19 Our persecutors are swifter than the eagles of the heaven: they pursued us on the mountains, they laid wait for us in the wilderness.

Hosea 8:1 Set the trumpet to your mouth. He shall come as an eagle against the house of the LORD, because they have transgressed my covenant...

Habakkuk 1:8 Their horses also are swifter than the leopards, and are more fierce than the evening wolves...

Matthew 24:28 For wherever the carcass is, there will the eagles be gathered together.

Romans 1:28-32 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

Romans 3:13-17 Their throat is an open sepulcher; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips...

Titus 3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy...

the ossifrage. {Peres}, from {paras to break}, probably the species of eagle anciently called {ossifraga} or {bone breaker} (from os, a bone, and frango, to break,) because it not only strips off the flesh, but {breaks} the bone, in order to extract the marrow. the {ospray}. Hebrew {dzniyah}, Arabic {azan}, (from azaz, to be strong,) a species of eagle, probably the {black eagle,) so remarkable for its {strength}.

Library
Eleventh Day. The Holy one of Israel.
I am the Lord that brought you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God; ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy. I the Lord which make you holy, am holy.'--Lev. xi. 45, xxi. 8. 'I am the Lord Thy God, the Holy One of Israel, Thy Saviour. Thus saith the Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: I am the Lord, your Holy One, the Creator of Israel, your King.'--Isa. xliii. 3, 14, 15. In the book of Exodus we found God making provision for the Holiness of His people. In the holy
Andrew Murray—Holy in Christ

Fifth Day. Holiness and Redemption.
Sanctify unto me all the first-born.'--Ex. xiii. 2. 'All the first-born are mine; for on the day I smote all the first-born in the land of Egypt I sanctified unto me all the first-born in Israel: mine they shall be: I am the Lord.'--Num. iii. 13, viii. 17. 'For I am the Lord your God that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.'--Lev. xi. 45. 'I have redeemed thee; thou art mine.'--Isa. xliii. 1. At Horeb we saw how the
Andrew Murray—Holy in Christ

Cross References
Leviticus 11:11
And since you are to regard them as unclean, you must not eat their meat; you must regard their carcasses as unclean.

Leviticus 11:12
Anything living in the water that does not have fins and scales is to be regarded as unclean by you.

Leviticus 11:14
the red kite, any kind of black kite,

Deuteronomy 14:12
But these you may not eat: the eagle, the vulture, the black vulture,

Zechariah 5:9
Then I looked up--and there before me were two women, with the wind in their wings! They had wings like those of a stork, and they lifted up the basket between heaven and earth.

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Abhorrent Abominate Abomination Bearded Birds Black Buzzard Detest Detestable Detestation Disgusting Eagle Eat Eaten Food Fowl Fowls Gier-Eagle Great Moreover Ospray Osprey Ossifrage Sea-Eagle Used Vulture
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Abhorrent Abominate Abomination Bearded Birds Black Buzzard Detest Detestable Detestation Disgusting Eagle Eat Eaten Food Fowl Fowls Gier-Eagle Great Moreover Ospray Osprey Ossifrage Sea-Eagle Used Vulture
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