Leviticus 11:31
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Of all those that move along the ground, these are unclean for you. Whoever touches them when they are dead will be unclean till evening.

King James Bible
These are unclean to you among all that creep: whosoever doth touch them, when they be dead, shall be unclean until the even.

Darby Bible Translation
These shall be unclean unto you among all that crawl: whoever toucheth them when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.

World English Bible
These are they which are unclean to you among all that creep. Whoever touches them when they are dead, shall be unclean until the evening.

Young's Literal Translation
these are the unclean to you among all which are teeming; any one who is coming against them in their death is unclean till the evening.

Leviticus 11:31 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The ferret - אנקה anakah, from אנק anak, to groan, to cry out: a species of lizard, which derives its name from its piercing, doleful cry. See Bochart, vol. ii., col. 1066.

The chameleon - כח coach. Bochart contends that this is the waril or guaril, another species of lizard, which derives its name from its remarkable strength and vigor in destroying serpents, the Hebrew כח cach signifying to be strong, firm, vigorous: it is probably the same with the mongoose, a creature still well known in India, where it is often domesticated in order to keep the houses free from snakes, rats, mice, etc.

The lizard - לטאה letaah. Bochart contends that this also is a species of lizard, called by the Arabs wahara, which creeps close to the ground, and is poisonous.

The snail - חמט chomet, another species of lizard, according to Bochart, called huluka by the Arabians, which lives chiefly in the sand - Vol. ii., col. 1075.

The mole - תנשמת tinshameth, from נשם nasham, to breathe. Bochart seems to have proved that this is the chameleon, which has its Hebrew name from its wide gaping mouth, very large lungs, and its deriving its nourishment from small animals which float in the air, so that it has been conjectured by some to feed on the air itself - Vol. iii., col. 1073. A bird of the same name is mentioned Leviticus 11:18, which Bochart supposes to be the night-owl - Vol. iii., col. 286.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 11:8,24,25 Of their flesh shall you not eat, and their carcass shall you not touch; they are unclean to you...

Library
Eleventh Day. The Holy one of Israel.
I am the Lord that brought you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God; ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy. I the Lord which make you holy, am holy.'--Lev. xi. 45, xxi. 8. 'I am the Lord Thy God, the Holy One of Israel, Thy Saviour. Thus saith the Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: I am the Lord, your Holy One, the Creator of Israel, your King.'--Isa. xliii. 3, 14, 15. In the book of Exodus we found God making provision for the Holiness of His people. In the holy
Andrew Murray—Holy in Christ

Fifth Day. Holiness and Redemption.
Sanctify unto me all the first-born.'--Ex. xiii. 2. 'All the first-born are mine; for on the day I smote all the first-born in the land of Egypt I sanctified unto me all the first-born in Israel: mine they shall be: I am the Lord.'--Num. iii. 13, viii. 17. 'For I am the Lord your God that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.'--Lev. xi. 45. 'I have redeemed thee; thou art mine.'--Isa. xliii. 1. At Horeb we saw how the
Andrew Murray—Holy in Christ

Cross References
Genesis 1:20
And God said, "Let the water teem with living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the vault of the sky."

Leviticus 11:30
the gecko, the monitor lizard, the wall lizard, the skink and the chameleon.

Leviticus 11:32
When one of them dies and falls on something, that article, whatever its use, will be unclean, whether it is made of wood, cloth, hide or sackcloth. Put it in water; it will be unclean till evening, and then it will be clean.

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