Leviticus 18:21
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"'Do not give any of your children to be sacrificed to Molek, for you must not profane the name of your God. I am the LORD.

King James Bible
And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through the fire to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the LORD.

Darby Bible Translation
And thou shalt not give of thy seed to let them pass through [the fire] to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am Jehovah.

World English Bible
"'You shall not give any of your children to sacrifice to Molech; neither shall you profane the name of your God: I am Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
And of thy seed thou dost not give to pass over to the Molech; nor dost thou pollute the name of thy God; I am Jehovah.

Leviticus 18:21 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Pass through the fire to Molech - The name of this idol is mentioned for the first time in this place. As the word מלח molech or melech signifies king or governor, it is very likely that this idol represented the sun; and more particularly as the fire appears to have been so much employed in his worship. There are several opinions concerning the meaning of passing through the fire to Molech.

1. Some think that the semen humanum was offered on the fire to this idol.

2. Others think that the children were actually made a burnt-offering to him.

3. But others suppose the children were not burnt, but only passed through the fire, or between two fires, by way of consecration to him.

That some were actually burnt alive to this idol several scriptures, according to the opinion of commentators, seem strongly to intimate; see among others, Psalm 106:38; Jeremiah 7:31, and Ezekiel 23:37-39. That others were only consecrated to his service by passing between two fires the rabbins strongly assert; and if Ahaz had but one son, Hezekiah, (though it is probable he had others, see 2 Chronicles 28:3), he is said to have passed through the fire to Molech, 2 Kings 16:3, yet he succeeded his father in the kingdom, 2 Kings 18:1, therefore this could only be a consecration, his idolatrous father intending thereby to initiate him early into the service of this demon. See Clarke's note on Leviticus 20:2.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

pass through Molech signifies a king, or governor, of similar import with Baal, lord, or governor; and it is generally supposed that the sun was worshipped under this name; and more particularly as the fire appears to have been so much employed in his worship. It seems clear that children were not only consecrated to him by passing through the fire, which appears to be alluded to here, but that they were actually made a burnt offering to him. That the several abominations afterwards mentioned were actually practised by many heathen nations is abundantly attested by their own writers.

Leviticus 20:2 Again, you shall say to the children of Israel, Whoever he be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel...

Deuteronomy 12:31 You shall not do so to the LORD your God: for every abomination to the LORD, which he hates, have they done to their gods...

Deuteronomy 18:10 There shall not be found among you any one that makes his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that uses divination...

2 Kings 16:3 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yes, and made his son to pass through the fire...

2 Kings 21:6 And he made his son pass through the fire, and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards...

2 Kings 23:10 And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom...

Psalm 106:37,38 Yes, they sacrificed their sons and their daughters to devils...

Jeremiah 7:31 And they have built the high places of Tophet, which is in the valley of the son of Hinnom...

Jeremiah 19:5 They have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire for burnt offerings to Baal, which I commanded not...

Ezekiel 20:31 For when you offer your gifts, when you make your sons to pass through the fire, you pollute yourselves with all your idols...

Ezekiel 23:37 That they have committed adultery, and blood is in their hands, and with their idols have they committed adultery...

to Molech

1 Kings 11:7,33 Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the hill that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech...

Amos 5:26 But you have borne the tabernacle of your Moloch and Chiun your images, the star of your god, which you made to yourselves.

Acts 7:43 Yes, you took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which you made to worship them...

Moloch
profane

Leviticus 19:12 And you shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shall you profane the name of your God: I am the LORD.

Leviticus 20:2-5 Again, you shall say to the children of Israel, Whoever he be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn in Israel...

Leviticus 21:6 They shall be holy to their God, and not profane the name of their God: for the offerings of the LORD made by fire...

Leviticus 22:2,32 Speak to Aaron and to his sons, that they separate themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel...

Ezekiel 36:20-23 And when they entered to the heathen, where they went, they profaned my holy name, when they said to them...

Malachi 1:12 But you have profaned it, in that you say, The table of the LORD is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible.

Romans 1:23 And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four footed beasts...

Romans 2:24 For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.

Library
General Character of Christians.
"And they that are Christ's have crucified the Flesh, with the Affections and Lusts." St. Paul is supposed to have been the first herald of gospel grace to the Galatians; and they appear to have rejoiced at the glad tidings, and to have received the bearer with much respect. But after his departure, certain judaizing teachers went among them, and labored but too successfully, to alienate their affections from him, and turn them form the simplicity of the gospel. The malice and errors of those deceitful
Andrew Lee et al—Sermons on Various Important Subjects

Epistle Lxiv. To Augustine, Bishop of the Angli .
To Augustine, Bishop of the Angli [174] . Here begins the epistle of the blessed Gregory pope of the city of Rome, in exposition of various matters, which he sent into transmarine Saxony to Augustine, whom he had himself sent in his own stead to preach. Preface.--Through my most beloved son Laurentius, the presbyter, and Peter the monk, I received thy Fraternity's letter, in which thou hast been at pains to question me on many points. But, inasmuch as my aforesaid sons found me afflicted with the
Saint Gregory the Great—the Epistles of Saint Gregory the Great

Cross References
Leviticus 19:12
"'Do not swear falsely by my name and so profane the name of your God. I am the LORD.

Leviticus 20:2
"Say to the Israelites: 'Any Israelite or any foreigner residing in Israel who sacrifices any of his children to Molek is to be put to death. The members of the community are to stone him.

Leviticus 20:3
I myself will set my face against him and will cut him off from his people; for by sacrificing his children to Molek, he has defiled my sanctuary and profaned my holy name.

Leviticus 21:6
They must be holy to their God and must not profane the name of their God. Because they present the food offerings to the LORD, the food of their God, they are to be holy.

Deuteronomy 12:31
You must not worship the LORD your God in their way, because in worshiping their gods, they do all kinds of detestable things the LORD hates. They even burn their sons and daughters in the fire as sacrifices to their gods.

2 Kings 16:3
He followed the ways of the kings of Israel and even sacrificed his son in the fire, engaging in the detestable practices of the nations the LORD had driven out before the Israelites.

2 Kings 21:6
He sacrificed his own son in the fire, practiced divination, sought omens, and consulted mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the eyes of the LORD, arousing his anger.

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