Leviticus 4:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"'If the whole Israelite community sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the LORD's commands, even though the community is unaware of the matter, when they realize their guilt

King James Bible
And if the whole congregation of Israel sin through ignorance, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done somewhat against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which should not be done, and are guilty;

Darby Bible Translation
And if the whole assembly of Israel sin inadvertently, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the congregation, and they do [somewhat against] any of all the commandments of Jehovah [in things] which should not be done, and are guilty;

World English Bible
"'If the whole congregation of Israel sins, and the thing is hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done any of the things which Yahweh has commanded not to be done, and are guilty;

Young's Literal Translation
And if the whole company of Israel err ignorantly, and the thing hath been hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done something against one of all the commands of Jehovah concerning things which are not to be done, and have been guilty;

Leviticus 4:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

If the whole congregation of Israel sin - This probably refers to some oversight in acts of religious worship, or to some transgression of the letter of the law, which arose out of the peculiar circumstances in which they were then found, such as the case mentioned 1 Samuel 14:32, etc., where the people, through their long and excessive fatigue in their combat with the Philistines, being faint, flew on the spoil, and took sheep, oxen, and calves, and slew them on the ground, and did eat with the blood; and this was partly occasioned by the rash adjuration of Saul, mentioned 1 Samuel 14:24 : Cursed be the man that eateth any food until evening.

The sacrifices and rites in this case were the same as those prescribed in the preceding, only here the elders of the congregation, i. e., three of the Sanhedrin, according to Maimonides, laid their hands on the head of the victim in the name of all the congregation.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the whole congregation This may refer to some oversight in acts of religious worship, or to some transgression of the letter of the law, which arose out of the peculiar circumstances in which they were found, as in the case mentioned in

1 Samuel 14:32 And the people flew on the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and slew them on the ground...

, et seq. The sacrifices and rites in this case were the same as in the preceding; only here the elders laid their hands on the head of the victim, in the name of all the congregation.

through ignorance

Leviticus 4:1,2 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying...

1 Samuel 14:32 And the people flew on the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and slew them on the ground...

Leviticus 5:2-5,17 Or if a soul touch any unclean thing, whether it be a carcass of an unclean beast, or a carcass of unclean cattle...

Numbers 15:24-29 Then it shall be, if ought be committed by ignorance without the knowledge of the congregation...

Joshua 7:11,24-26 Israel has sinned, and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded them: for they have even taken of the accursed thing...

1 Timothy 1:13 Who was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: but I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.

Hebrews 10:26-29 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remains no more sacrifice for sins...

and are guilty

Leviticus 5:2-5,17 Or if a soul touch any unclean thing, whether it be a carcass of an unclean beast, or a carcass of unclean cattle...

Leviticus 6:4 Then it shall be, because he has sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away...

Ezra 10:19 And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives; and being guilty, they offered a ram of the flock for their trespass.

Hosea 5:15 I will go and return to my place, till they acknowledge their offense, and seek my face: in their affliction they will seek me early.

1 Corinthians 11:27 Why whoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

Library
John's First Testimony to Jesus.
(Bethany Beyond Jordan, February, a.d. 27.) ^D John I. 19-34. ^d 19 And this is the witness of John [John had been sent to testify, "and" this is the matter of his testimony], when the Jews [The term "Jews" is used seventy times by John to describe the ruling classes of Judæa] sent unto him [In thus sending an embassy they honored John more than they ever honored Christ. They looked upon John as a priest and Judæan, but upon Jesus as a carpenter and Galilæan. It is probable that
J. W. McGarvey—The Four-Fold Gospel

Cross References
Leviticus 4:2
"Say to the Israelites: 'When anyone sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the LORD's commands--

Leviticus 4:21
Then he shall take the bull outside the camp and burn it as he burned the first bull. This is the sin offering for the community.

Leviticus 16:5
From the Israelite community he is to take two male goats for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering.

Numbers 15:24
and if this is done unintentionally without the community being aware of it, then the whole community is to offer a young bull for a burnt offering as an aroma pleasing to the LORD, along with its prescribed grain offering and drink offering, and a male goat for a sin offering.

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