Mark 3:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot

King James Bible
And Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite,

Darby Bible Translation
and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the [son] of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Cananaean,

World English Bible
Andrew; Philip; Bartholomew; Matthew; Thomas; James, the son of Alphaeus; Thaddaeus; Simon the Zealot;

Young's Literal Translation
and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James of Alpheus, and Thaddeus, and Simon the Cananite,

Mark 3:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Sons of thunder - A Hebraism for thunderers; probably so named because of their zeal and power in preaching the Gospel.

The term Boanerges is neither Hebrew nor Syriac. Calmet and others think that there is reason to believe that the Greek transcribers have not copied it exactly. בני רעם beney raam, which the ancient Greeks would pronounce Beneregem, and which means sons of thunder, was probably the appellative used by our Lord: or בני רעש beni reges, sons of tempest, which comes nearest to the Boanerges of the evangelist. St. Jerome, on Daniel 1, gives בני רעם (which he writes Benereem, softening the sound of the ע ain) as the more likely reading, and Luther, supposing our Lord spoke in Hebrew, gives the proper Hebrew term above mentioned, which he writes Bnehargem. Some think that the reason why our Lord gave this appellative to the sons of Zebedee was, their desire to bring fire down from heaven, i.e. a storm of thunder and lightning, to overturn and consume a certain Samaritan village, the inhabitants of which would not receive their Master. See the account in Luke 9:53, Luke 9:54 (note). It was a very usual thing among the Jews to give surnames, which signified some particular quality or excellence, to their rabbins. See several instances in Schoettgen.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Andrew.

John 1:40 One of the two which heard John speak, and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother.

John 6:8 One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said to him,

John 12:21,22 The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus...

Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where stayed both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip...

Philip.

John 1:43-45 The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee, and finds Philip, and said to him, Follow me...

John 6:5-7 When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come to him, he said to Philip, From where shall we buy bread...

John 14:8,9 Philip said to him, Lord, show us the Father, and it suffises us...

Bartholomew.

Matthew 10:3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;

Luke 6:14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,

Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where stayed both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip...

Matthew.

Mark 2:14 And as he passed by, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the receipt of custom, and said to him, Follow me...

Matthew 9:9 And as Jesus passed forth from there, he saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said to him, Follow me...

Luke 5:27-29 And after these things he went forth, and saw a publican, named Levi, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said to him, Follow me...

Levi.

Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,

Thomas.

John 11:16 Then said Thomas, which is called Didymus, to his fellow disciples, Let us also go, that we may die with him.

John 20:24-29 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came...

John 21:2 There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee...

Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where stayed both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip...

James.

Mark 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon?...

Matthew 10:3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;

Matthew 13:55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brothers, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?

Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,

Acts 15:13 And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Men and brothers, listen to me:

Acts 21:18 And the day following Paul went in with us to James; and all the elders were present.

1 Corinthians 9:5 Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and as the brothers of the Lord, and Cephas?

1 Corinthians 15:7 After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.

Galatians 1:19 But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.

Galatians 2:9 And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given to me...

James 1:1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.

Alphaeus.

Mark 2:14 And as he passed by, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the receipt of custom, and said to him, Follow me...

Thaddaeus.

Matthew 10:3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;

Luke 6:16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

John 14:22 Judas said to him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?

Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where stayed both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip...

Judas the brother of James.

Jude 1:1 Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ...

Simon.

Matthew 10:4 Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.

Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,

Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where stayed both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip...

Simon Zelotes. Canaanite. [Kananites,] so called, not from being a native of Canaan, [Chanaan,] which would have been [Chananaos,] but from the Hebrew Kana, to be zealous, whence he is called in Greek [Zelotes,] Zelotes, or the Zealot, from [Zeloo,] to be zealous.

Library
And Judas Iscariot
AND JUDAS ISCARIOT TEXT: "And Judas Iscariot."--Mark 3:19. There is something about the name of this miserable man which commands our attention at once. There is a sort of fascination about his wickedness, and when we read his story it is difficult to give it up until we have come to its awful end. It is rather significant, it would seem to me, that his name should come last in the list of the Apostles, and the text, "And Judas Iscariot," would suggest to me not only that his name was last, but
J. Wilbur Chapman—And Judas Iscariot

The Anger and Grief of Jesus
He looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts.'--Mark iii. 5. Our Lord goes into the synagogue at Capernaum, where He had already wrought more than one miracle, and there He finds an object for His healing power, in a poor man with a withered hand; and also a little knot of His enemies. The scribes and Pharisees expect Christ to heal the man. So much had they learned of His tenderness and of His power. But their belief that He could work a miracle did not
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

"He Ordained Twelve"
"And He goeth up into a mountain, and calleth unto Him whom He would: and they came unto Him. And He ordained twelve, that they should be with Him, and that He might send them forth to preach." It was beneath the sheltering trees of the mountainside, but a little distance from the Sea of Galilee, that the twelve were called to the apostolate, and the Sermon on the Mount was given. The fields and hills were the favorite resorts of Jesus, and much of His teaching was given under the open sky, rather
Ellen Gould White—The Desire of Ages

Who are My Brethren?
The sons of Joseph were far from being in sympathy with Jesus in His work. The reports that reached them in regard to His life and labors filled them with astonishment and dismay. They heard that He devoted entire nights to prayer, that through the day He was thronged by great companies of people, and did not give Himself time so much as to eat. His friends felt that He was wearing Himself out by His incessant labor; they were unable to account for His attitude toward the Pharisees, and there were
Ellen Gould White—The Desire of Ages

Cross References
Matthew 9:9
As Jesus went on from there, he saw a man named Matthew sitting at the tax collector's booth. "Follow me," he told him, and Matthew got up and followed him.

Matthew 10:3
Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus;

Mark 3:17
James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means "sons of thunder"),

Mark 3:19
and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.

John 11:16
Then Thomas (also known as Didymus) said to the rest of the disciples, "Let us also go, that we may die with him."

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