Matthew 20:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
He agreed to pay them a denarius for the day and sent them into his vineyard.

King James Bible
And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.

Darby Bible Translation
And having agreed with the workmen for a denarius the day, he sent them into his vineyard.

World English Bible
When he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.

Young's Literal Translation
and having agreed with the workmen for a denary a day, he sent them into his vineyard.

Matthew 20:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

A penny - A Roman coin, as noted before, Matthew 18:28, worth about seven-pence halfpenny or seven-pence three farthings of our money, and equal to the Greek drachma. This appears to have been the ordinary price of a day's labor at that time. See Tobit 5:14. In 1351 the price of labor was regulated in this country by parliament; and it is remarkable that "corn-weeders and hay-makers, without meat, drink, or other courtesy demanded," were to have one penny per day! In 1314 the pay of a chaplain to the Scotch bishops, who were then prisoners in England, was three halfpence per day. See Fleetwood's Chronicon Precios, p. 123, 129. This was miserable wages, though things at that time were so cheap that twenty-four eggs were sold for a penny, p. 72; a pair of shoes for four-pence, p. 71; a fat goose for two-pence halfpenny, p. 72; a hen for a penny, p. 72; eight bushels of wheat for two shillings, and a fat ox for six shillings and eight-pence! Ibid. In 1336, wheat per quarter, 2s.; a fat sheep 6d.; fat goose, 2d. and a pig, 1d., p. 75.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he had.

Matthew 20:13 But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do you no wrong: did not you agree with me for a penny?

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to me above all people...

Deuteronomy 5:27-30 Go you near, and hear all that the LORD our God shall say: and speak you to us all that the LORD our God shall speak to you...

a penny. 'The Roman penny is the eighth part of an ounce, which after five shillings the ounce is sevenpence halfpenny.'

Matthew 18:28 But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellow servants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him...

Matthew 22:19 Show me the tribute money. And they brought to him a penny.

*margins

Luke 10:35 And on the morrow when he departed, he took out two pence, and gave them to the host, and said to him, Take care of him...

Revelation 6:6 And I heard a voice in the middle of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny...

he sent.

1 Samuel 2:18,26 But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with a linen ephod...

1 Samuel 3:1,21 And the child Samuel ministered to the LORD before Eli. And the word of the LORD was precious in those days; there was no open vision...

1 Samuel 16:11,12 And Samuel said to Jesse, Are here all your children? And he said, There remains yet the youngest, and, behold, he keeps the sheep...

1 Kings 3:6-11 And Solomon said, You have showed to your servant David my father great mercy, according as he walked before you in truth...

1 Kings 18:12 And it shall come to pass, as soon as I am gone from you, that the Spirit of the LORD shall carry you where I know not...

2 Chronicles 34:3 For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet young, he began to seek after the God of David his father...

Ecclesiastes 12:1 Remember now your Creator in the days of your youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw near, when you shall say...

Luke 1:15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink...

2 Timothy 3:15 And that from a child you have known the holy scriptures...

Library
February 2. "And Whosoever Will be Great among You, Let Him be Your Minister. And Whosoever Will be Chief among You, Let Him be Your Servant" (Matt. xx. 26, 27).
"And whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister. And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant" (Matt. xx. 26, 27). Slave is the literal meaning of the word, doulos. The first word used for service is diakanos, which means a minister to others in any usual way or work: but the word doulos means a bond slave, and the Lord here plainly teaches us that the highest service is that of a bond slave. He Himself made Himself the servant of all, and he who would come
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

What the Historic Christ Taught About his Death
'The Son of Man came... to give His life a ransom for many.'--Matt. xx. 28. We hear a great deal at present about going back to 'the Christ of the Gospels.' In so far as that phrase and the movement of thought which it describes are a protest against the substitution of doctrines for the Person whom the doctrines represent, I, for one, rejoice in it. But I believe that the antithesis suggested by the phrase, and by some of its advocates avowed, between the Christ of the Gospels and the Christ of
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Augustine 354-430 -- the Recovery of Sight by the Blind
I. Ye know, holy brethren, full well as we do, that our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is the physician of our eternal health; and that to this end we task the weakness of our natures, that our weakness might not last forever. For He assumed a mortal body, wherein to kill death. And, "though He was crucified through weakness," as the apostle saith, yet He "liveth by the power of God." They are the words, too, of the same apostle: "He dieth no more, death hath no more dominion over Him." These things,
Various—The World's Great Sermons, Volume I

The Historical Books of the New Testament, Meaning Thereby the Four Gospels and the Acts...
The historical books of the New Testament, meaning thereby the four Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles, are quoted, or alluded to, by a series of Christian writers, beginning with those who were contemporary with the apostles, or who immediately followed them, and proceeding in close and regular succession from their time to the present. The medium of proof stated in this proposition is, of all others, the most unquestionable, the least liable to any practices of fraud, and is not diminished by
William Paley—Evidences of Christianity

Cross References
Matthew 9:37
Then he said to his disciples, "The harvest is plentiful but the workers are few.

Matthew 20:1
"For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard.

Matthew 20:3
"About nine in the morning he went out and saw others standing in the marketplace doing nothing.

Mark 12:15
Should we pay or shouldn't we?" But Jesus knew their hypocrisy. "Why are you trying to trap me?" he asked. "Bring me a denarius and let me look at it."

Luke 20:24
"Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription are on it?" "Caesar's," they replied.

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