Matthew 20:28
Parallel Verses
New International Version
just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."

King James Bible
Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

Darby Bible Translation
as indeed the Son of man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.

World English Bible
even as the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."

Young's Literal Translation
even as the Son of Man did not come to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.'

Matthew 20:28 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

A ransom for many - Λυτρον αντι πολλων, or a ransom instead of many, - one ransom, or atonement, instead of the many prescribed in the Jewish law. Mr. Wakefield contends for the above translation, and with considerable show of reason and probability.

The word λυτρον is used by the Septuagint for the Hebrew פדיו, pidion, the ransom paid for a man's life: see Exodus 21:30; Numbers 3:49-51; and λυτρα is used Numbers 35:31, where a satisfaction (Hebrew כפר copher, an atonement) for the life of a murderer is refused. The original word is used by Lucian in exactly the same sense, who represents Ganymede promising to sacrifice a ram to Jupiter, λυτρον υπερ εμου, as a ransom for himself, provided he would dismiss him.

The whole Gentile world, as well as the Jews, believed in vicarious sacrifices. Virgil, Aen. v. 85, has nearly the same words as those in the text. "Unum Pro Multis dabitur Caput," - One man must be given for many. Jesus Christ laid down his life as a ransom for the lives and souls of the children of men. In the Codex Bezae, and in most of the Itala, the Saxon, and one of the Syriac, Hilary, Leo Magnus, and Juvencus, the following remarkable addition is found; "But seek ye to increase from a little, and to be lessened from that which is great. Moreover, when ye enter into a house, and are invited to sup, do not recline in the most eminent places, lest a more honorable than thou come after, and he who invited thee to supper come up to thee and say, Get down yet lower; and thou be put to confusion. But if thou sit down in the lowest place, and one inferior to thee come after, he who invited thee to supper will say unto thee, Go and sit higher: now this will be advantageous to thee." This is the largest addition found in any of the MSS., and contains not less than sixty words In the original, and eighty-three in the Anglo-Saxon. It may be necessary to remark, that Mr. Marshall, in his edition of the Gothic and Saxon Gospels, does not insert these words in the text, but gives them, p. 496 of his observations. This addition is at least as ancient as the fourth century, for it is quoted by Hilary, who did not die till about a.d. 367.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

came.

Luke 22:27 For whether is greater, he that sits at meat, or he that serves? is not he that sits at meat? but I am among you as he that serves.

John 13:4-17 He rises from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself...

Philippians 2:4-8 Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others...

Hebrews 5:8 Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;

and to.

Job 33:24 Then he is gracious to him, and said, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.

Psalm 49:7 None of them can by any means redeem his brother, nor give to God a ransom for him:

Isaiah 53:5,8,10,11 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was on him...

Daniel 9:24-26 Seventy weeks are determined on your people and on your holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins...

John 10:15 As the Father knows me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

John 11:50-52 Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not...

Romans 3:24-26 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus...

Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written...

Ephesians 1:7 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;

Ephesians 5:2 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us...

1 Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many...

1 Peter 1:18,19 For as much as you know that you were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold...

1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live to righteousness...

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh...

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth...

Revelation 5:8,9 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four and twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps...

for.

Matthew 26:28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

Mark 14:24 And he said to them, This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many.

Romans 5:15-19 But not as the offense, so also is the free gift. For if through the offense of one many be dead, much more the grace of God...

Hebrews 9:28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many...

1 John 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

Library
February 2. "And Whosoever Will be Great among You, Let Him be Your Minister. And Whosoever Will be Chief among You, Let Him be Your Servant" (Matt. xx. 26, 27).
"And whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister. And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant" (Matt. xx. 26, 27). Slave is the literal meaning of the word, doulos. The first word used for service is diakanos, which means a minister to others in any usual way or work: but the word doulos means a bond slave, and the Lord here plainly teaches us that the highest service is that of a bond slave. He Himself made Himself the servant of all, and he who would come
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

What the Historic Christ Taught About his Death
'The Son of Man came... to give His life a ransom for many.'--Matt. xx. 28. We hear a great deal at present about going back to 'the Christ of the Gospels.' In so far as that phrase and the movement of thought which it describes are a protest against the substitution of doctrines for the Person whom the doctrines represent, I, for one, rejoice in it. But I believe that the antithesis suggested by the phrase, and by some of its advocates avowed, between the Christ of the Gospels and the Christ of
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Augustine 354-430 -- the Recovery of Sight by the Blind
I. Ye know, holy brethren, full well as we do, that our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is the physician of our eternal health; and that to this end we task the weakness of our natures, that our weakness might not last forever. For He assumed a mortal body, wherein to kill death. And, "though He was crucified through weakness," as the apostle saith, yet He "liveth by the power of God." They are the words, too, of the same apostle: "He dieth no more, death hath no more dominion over Him." These things,
Various—The World's Great Sermons, Volume I

The Historical Books of the New Testament, Meaning Thereby the Four Gospels and the Acts...
The historical books of the New Testament, meaning thereby the four Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles, are quoted, or alluded to, by a series of Christian writers, beginning with those who were contemporary with the apostles, or who immediately followed them, and proceeding in close and regular succession from their time to the present. The medium of proof stated in this proposition is, of all others, the most unquestionable, the least liable to any practices of fraud, and is not diminished by
William Paley—Evidences of Christianity

Cross References
Matthew 8:20
Jesus replied, "Foxes have dens and birds have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head."

Matthew 20:27
and whoever wants to be first must be your slave--

Matthew 26:28
This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

Mark 10:45
For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many."

Luke 22:27
For who is greater, the one who is at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who is at the table? But I am among you as one who serves.

John 13:13
"You call me 'Teacher' and 'Lord,' and rightly so, for that is what I am.

2 Corinthians 8:9
For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you through his poverty might become rich.

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