Matthew 4:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The tempter came to him and said, "If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread."

King James Bible
And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.

Darby Bible Translation
And the tempter coming up to him said, If thou be Son of God, speak, that these stones may become loaves of bread.

World English Bible
The tempter came and said to him, "If you are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread."

Young's Literal Translation
And the Tempter having come to him said, 'If Son thou art of God -- speak that these stones may become loaves.'

Matthew 4:3 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

And when the tempter - This onset of Satan was made (speaking after the manner of men) judiciously: he came when Jesus, after having fasted forty days and forty nights, was hungry: now, as hunger naturally diminishes the strength of the body, the mind gets enfeebled, and becomes easily irritated; and if much watching and prayer be not employed, the uneasiness which is occasioned by a lack of food may soon produce impatience, and in this state of mind the tempter has great advantages. The following advice of an Arabian philosopher to his son is worthy of attention. "My son, never go out of the house in the morning, till thou hast eaten something: by so doing, thy mind will be more firm; and, shouldest thou be insulted by any person, thou wilt find thyself more disposed to suffer patiently: for hunger dries up and disorders the brain." Bibliot. Orient. Suppl. p. 449. The state of our bodily health and worldly circumstances may afford our adversary many opportunities of doing us immense mischief. In such cases, the sin to which we are tempted may be justly termed, as in Hebrews 12:1, την ευπεριστατον αμαρτιαν, the well circumstanced sin, because all the circumstances of time, place, and state of body and mind, are favorable to it.

If thou be the Son of God - Or, a son of God, υιος του Θεου. υιος is here, and in Luke 4:3, written without the article; and therefore should not be translated The Son, as if it were ὁ υιος, which is a phrase that is applicable to Christ as the Messiah: but it is certain, whatever Satan might suspect, he did not fully know that the person he tempted was the true Messiah. Perhaps one grand object of his temptation was to find this out.

Command that these stones - The meaning of this temptation is: "Distrust the Divine providence and support, and make use of illicit means to supply thy necessities."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the tempter.

Job 1:9-12 Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Does Job fear God for nothing...

Job 2:4-7 And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yes, all that a man has will he give for his life...

Luke 22:31,32 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat...

1 Thessalonians 3:5 For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you...

Revelation 2:10 Fear none of those things which you shall suffer: behold, the devil shall cast some of you into prison, that you may be tried...

Revelation 12:9-11 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world...

if.

Matthew 3:17 And see a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

Luke 4:3,9 And the devil said to him, If you be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread...

command.

Genesis 3:1-5 Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, Yes, has God said...

Genesis 25:29-34 And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the field, and he was faint...

Exodus 16:3 And the children of Israel said to them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt...

Numbers 11:4-6 And the mixed multitude that was among them fell a lusting: and the children of Israel also wept again, and said...

Psalm 78:17-20 And they sinned yet more against him by provoking the most High in the wilderness...

Hebrews 12:16 Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright.

Library
Temptation
Eversley, 1872. Chester Cathedral, 1872. St Matt. iv. 3. "And when the tempter came to Him, he said, If Thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread." Let me say a few words to-day about a solemn subject, namely, Temptation. I do not mean the temptations of the flesh--the temptations which all men have to yield to the low animal nature in them, and behave like brutes. I mean those deeper and more terrible temptations, which our Lord conquered in that great struggle with
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

The Early Welcome and the First Ministers of the King
'From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. 18. And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. 19. And He saith unto them, Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men. 20. And they straightway left their nets, and followed Him. 21. And going on from thence, He saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Knox -- the First Temptation of Christ
John Knox, the great Scottish reformer, was born at Giffordgate, four miles from Haddington, Scotland, in 1505. He first made his appearance as a preacher in Edinburgh, where he thundered against popery, but was imprisoned and sent to the galleys in 1546. In 1547 Edward VI secured his release and made him a royal chaplain, when he acquired the friendship of Cranmer and other reformers. On the accession of Mary (1553) he took refuge on the Continent. In 1556 he accepted the charge of a church in Geneva,
Various—The World's Great Sermons, Volume I

The Temptation in the Wilderness.
Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness, to be tempted of the devil. And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungered. And when the tempter came to him, he said, if thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple,
George MacDonald—Unspoken Sermons

Cross References
Matthew 14:33
Then those who were in the boat worshiped him, saying, "Truly you are the Son of God."

Matthew 16:16
Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God."

Matthew 26:63
But Jesus remained silent. The high priest said to him, "I charge you under oath by the living God: Tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God."

Mark 1:1
The beginning of the good news about Jesus the Messiah, the Son of God,

Mark 3:11
Whenever the impure spirits saw him, they fell down before him and cried out, "You are the Son of God."

Mark 5:7
He shouted at the top of his voice, "What do you want with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? In God's name don't torture me!"

Luke 1:35
The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.

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