Matthew 6:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be honored by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full.

King James Bible
Therefore when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

Darby Bible Translation
When therefore thou doest alms, sound not a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they may have glory from men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

World English Bible
Therefore when you do merciful deeds, don't sound a trumpet before yourself, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may get glory from men. Most certainly I tell you, they have received their reward.

Young's Literal Translation
whenever, therefore, thou mayest do kindness, thou mayest not sound a trumpet before thee as the hypocrites do, in the synagogues, and in the streets, that they may have glory from men; verily I say to you -- they have their reward!

Matthew 6:2 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Therefore when thou doest thine alms - In the first verse the exhortation is general: Take Ye heed. In this verse the address is pointed - and Thou - man - woman - who readest - hearest.

Do not sound a trumpet - It is very likely that this was literally practised among the Pharisees, who seemed to live on the public esteem, and were excessively self-righteous and vain. Having something to distribute by way of alms, it is very probable they caused this to be published by blowing a trumpet or horn, under pretense of collecting the poor; though with no other design than to gratify their own ambition. There is a custom in the east not much unlike this. "The derveeshes carry horns with them, which they frequently blow, when any thing is given to them, in honor of the donor. It is not impossible that some of the poor Jews who begged alms might be furnished like the Persian derveeshes, who are a sort of religious beggars, and that these hypocrites might be disposed to confine their alms-giving to those that they knew would pay them this honor." Harmer's Observat. vol. i. p. 474.

It must be granted, that in the Jewish writings there is no such practice referred to as that which I have supposed above, viz. blowing a trumpet to gather the poor, or the poor blowing a horn when relieved. Hence some learned men have thought that the word שופר shopher, a trumpet, refers to the hole in the public alms chest, into which the money was dropped which was allotted for the service of the poor. Such holes, because they were wide at one end and grew gradually narrow towards the other, were actually termed שופרות shopheroth, trumpets, by the rabbins; of this Schoettgen furnishes several examples. An ostentatious man, who wished to attract the notice of those around him, would throw in his money with some force into these trumpet-resembling holes, and thus he might be said שופר σαλπιζειν, to sound the trumpet. The Jerusalem Gemara, tract Shekalim, describes these שופרות shopheroth thus - These trumpet holes were crooked, narrow above and wide below, in order to prevent fraud. As our Lord only uses the words, μη σαλπισης, it may be tantamount to our term jingle. Do not make a public ostentatious jingle of that money which you give to public charities. Pride and hypocrisy are the things here reprehended. The Pharisees, no doubt, felt the weight of the reproof. Still the words may be taken in their literal meaning, as we know that the Moslimans, who nearly resemble the ancient Pharisees in the ostentation, bigotry, and cruelty of their character, are accustomed, in their festival of Muhurram, to erect stages in the public streets, and, by the sound of a trumpet, call the poor together to receive alms of rice, and other kinds of food. See Ward.

Works of charity and mercy should be done as much in private as is consistent with the advancement of the glory of God, and the effectual relief of the poor.

In the synagogues and in the streets - That such chests or boxes, for receiving the alms of well-disposed people, were placed in the synagogues, we may readily believe; but what were the streets? Schoettgen supposes that courts or avenues in the temple and in the synagogues may be intended - places where the people were accustomed to walk, for air, amusement, etc., for it is not to be supposed that such chests were fixed in the public streets.

They have their reward - That is, the honor and esteem of men which they sought. God is under no obligation to them - they did nothing with an eye to his glory, and from Him they can expect no recompense. They had their recompense in this life; and could expect none in the world to come.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Job 31:16-20 If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail...

Psalm 37:21 The wicked borrows, and pays not again: but the righteous shows mercy, and gives.

Psalm 112:9 He has dispersed, he has given to the poor; his righteousness endures for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honor.

Proverbs 19:17 He that has pity on the poor lends to the LORD; and that which he has given will he pay him again.

Ecclesiastes 11:2 Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for you know not what evil shall be on the earth.

Isaiah 58:7,10-12 Is it not to deal your bread to the hungry, and that you bring the poor that are cast out to your house? when you see the naked...

Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as you have; and, behold, all things are clean to you.

Luke 12:33 Sell that you have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that fails not...

John 13:29 For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said to him...

Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas...

Acts 10:2,4,31 A devout man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God always...

Acts 11:29 Then the disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief to the brothers which dwelled in Judaea:

Acts 24:17 Now after many years I came to bring alms to my nation, and offerings.

Romans 12:8 Or he that exhorts, on exhortation: he that gives, let him do it with simplicity; he that rules, with diligence; he that shows mercy...

2 Corinthians 9:6-15 But this I say, He which sows sparingly shall reap also sparingly; and he which sows bountifully shall reap also bountifully...

Galatians 2:10 Only they would that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do.

Ephesians 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labor, working with his hands the thing which is good...

1 Timothy 6:18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

Philemon 1:7 For we have great joy and consolation in your love, because the bowels of the saints are refreshed by you, brother.

Hebrews 13:16 But to do good and to communicate forget not: for with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

James 2:15,16 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food...

1 Peter 4:11 If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God gives...

1 John 3:17-19 But whoever has this world's good, and sees his brother have need, and shuts up his bowels of compassion from him...

do not sound a trumpet. or, cause not a trumpet to be sounded.

Proverbs 20:6 Most men will proclaim every one his own goodness: but a faithful man who can find?

Hosea 8:1 Set the trumpet to your mouth. He shall come as an eagle against the house of the LORD, because they have transgressed my covenant...


Matthew 6:5 And when you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites are...

Matthew 7:5 You hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of your own eye...

Matthew 15:7 You hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying,

Matthew 16:3 And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowering. O you hypocrites...

Matthew 22:18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt you me, you hypocrites?

Matthew 23:13-29 But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for you neither go in yourselves...

Matthew 24:51 And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Isaiah 9:17 Therefore the LORD shall have no joy in their young men, neither shall have mercy on their fatherless and widows...

Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil...

Mark 7:6 He answered and said to them, Well has Esaias prophesied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This people honors me with their lips...

Luke 6:42 Either how can you say to your brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in your eye...

Luke 12:56 You hypocrites, you can discern the face of the sky and of the earth; but how is it that you do not discern this time?

Luke 13:15 The Lord then answered him, and said, You hypocrite, does not each one of you on the sabbath loose his ox or his donkey from the stall...

in the synagogues.

Matthew 6:5 And when you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites are...

Matthew 23:6 And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues,

Mark 12:39 And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:

Luke 11:43 Woe to you, Pharisees! for you love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets.

Luke 20:46 Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues...


1 Samuel 15:30 Then he said, I have sinned: yet honor me now, I pray you, before the elders of my people, and before Israel, and turn again with me...

John 5:41,44 I receive not honor from men...

John 7:18 He that speaks of himself seeks his own glory: but he that seeks his glory that sent him, the same is true...

1 Thessalonians 2:6 Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when we might have been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ.


Matthew 6:5,16 And when you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites are...

Matthew 5:18 For truly I say to you, Till heaven and earth pass, one stroke or one pronunciation mark shall in no wise pass from the law...

The Distracted Mind
Eversley. 1871. Matthew vi. 34. "Take no thought for the morrow, for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof." Scholars will tell you that the words "take no thought" do not exactly express our Lord's meaning in this text. That they should rather stand, "Be not anxious about to-morrow." And doubtless they are right on the whole. But the truth is, that we have no word in English which exactly expresses the Greek word which St Matthew
Charles Kingsley—All Saints' Day and Other Sermons

August 27. "Take no Thought for Your Life" (Matt. vi. 25).
"Take no thought for your life" (Matt. vi. 25). Still the Lord is using the things that are despised. The very names of Nazarene and Christian were once epithets of contempt. No man can have God's highest thought and be popular with his immediate generation. The most abused men are often most used. There are far greater calamities than to be unpopular and misunderstood. There are far worse things than to be found in the minority. Many of God's greatest blessings are lying behind the devil's scarecrows
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

'Forgive us Our Debts'
'Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.'--MATT. vi. 12. The sequence of the petitions in the second half of the Lord's Prayer suggests that every man who needs to pray for daily bread needs also to pray for daily forgiveness. The supplication for the supply of our bodily needs precedes the others, because it deals with a need which is fundamental indeed, but of less importance than those which prompt the subsequent petitions. God made us to need bread, we have made ourselves to need pardon.
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

'Lead us not into Temptation'
'And lead us not into temptation.'--MATT. vi. 13. The petition of the previous clause has to do with the past, this with the future; the one is the confession of sin, the other the supplication which comes from the consciousness of weakness. The best man needs both. Forgiveness does not break the bonds of evil by which we are held. But forgiveness increases our consciousness of weakness, and in the new desire which comes from it to walk in holiness, we are first rightly aware of the strength and
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Proverbs 20:6
Many claim to have unfailing love, but a faithful person who can find?

Matthew 6:3
But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,

Matthew 6:5
"And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners to be seen by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full.

Matthew 6:16
"When you fast, do not look somber as the hypocrites do, for they disfigure their faces to show others they are fasting. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full.

Matthew 23:5
"Everything they do is done for people to see: They make their phylacteries wide and the tassels on their garments long;

Luke 6:24
"But woe to you who are rich, for you have already received your comfort.

1 Corinthians 13:3
If I give all I possess to the poor and give over my body to hardship that I may boast, but do not have love, I gain nothing.

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