New International Version
These are their names: from the tribe of Reuben, Shammua son of Zakkur;
King James Bible
And these were their names: of the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur.
Darby Bible Translation
And these are their names: for the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur;
World English Bible
These were their names: Of the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur.
Young's Literal Translation
and these their names: For the tribe of Reuben, Shammua son of Zaccur.
Numbers 13:4 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Send thou men, that they may search - It appears from Deuteronomy 1:19-24 that this was done in consequence of the request of the people, after the following address of Moses: "And when we departed from Horeb, we went through all that great and terrible wilderness - and we came unto Kadesh-Barnea; and I said unto you, Ye are come unto the mountain of the Amorites, which the Lord our God doth give unto us. Behold the Lord thy God hath set the land before thee: go up and possess it, as the Lord God of thy fathers hath said unto thee; fear not, neither be discouraged. And ye came near unto me every one of you, and said: We Will Send Men Before Us, And They Shall Search Us Out The Land and bring us word again, by what way we must go up, and into what cities we shall come. And the saying pleased me well, and I took twelve men of you, one of a tribe," etc., etc. Nearly the whole of these verses is added here by the Samaritan.
Every one a ruler - Not any of the princes of the people, (see Numbers 1) for these names are different from those; but these now sent were men of consideration and importance in their respective tribes.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibraryAfraid of Giants
'And Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and said unto them, Get you up this way southward, and go up into the mountain; 18. And see the land, what it is; and the people that dwelleth therein, whether they be strong or weak, few or many; 19. And what the land is that they dwell in, whether it be good or bad; and what cities they be that they dwell in, whether in tents, or in strong holds; 20. And what the land is, whether it be fat or lean, whether there be wood therein, or not. And be …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
So at the LORD's command Moses sent them out from the Desert of Paran. All of them were leaders of the Israelites.
from the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat son of Hori;
So the men Moses had sent to explore the land, who returned and made the whole community grumble against him by spreading a bad report about it--
Why do you discourage the Israelites from crossing over into the land the LORD has given them?
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