Numbers 30:10
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"If a woman living with her husband makes a vow or obligates herself by a pledge under oath

King James Bible
And if she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath;

Darby Bible Translation
And if she have vowed in her husband's house, or have bound her soul by an oath with a bond,

World English Bible
"If she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath,

Young's Literal Translation
And if in the house of her husband she hath vowed, or hath bound a bond on her soul with an oath,

Numbers 30:10 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

In her youth - That is, say the rabbins, under twelve years of age; and under thirteen in case of a young man. Young persons of this age were considered to be under the authority of their parents, and had consequently no power to vow away the property of another. A married woman was in the same circumstances, because she was under the authority of her husband. If however the parents or the husband heard of the vow, and objected to it in the same day in which they heard of it, (Numbers 30:5), then the vow was annulled; or, if having heard of it, they held their peace, this was considered a ratification of the vow.

A rash vow was never to be kept; "for," says Philo, and common sense and justice say the same, "he who commits an unjust action because of his vow adds one crime to another,

1. By making an unlawful vow;

2. By doing an unlawful action."

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 30:9 "But the vow of a widow or of a divorced woman, everything by which she has bound herself, shall stand against her.

Numbers 30:11 and her husband heard it, but said nothing to her and did not forbid her, then all her vows shall stand and every obligation by which she bound herself shall stand.

Covenanting Confers Obligation.
As it has been shown that all duty, and that alone, ought to be vowed to God in covenant, it is manifest that what is lawfully engaged to in swearing by the name of God is enjoined in the moral law, and, because of the authority of that law, ought to be performed as a duty. But it is now to be proved that what is promised to God by vow or oath, ought to be performed also because of the act of Covenanting. The performance of that exercise is commanded, and the same law which enjoins that the duties
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Like the last part of Exodus, and the whole of Leviticus, the first part of Numbers, i.-x. 28--so called,[1] rather inappropriately, from the census in i., iii., (iv.), xxvi.--is unmistakably priestly in its interests and language. Beginning with a census of the men of war (i.) and the order of the camp (ii.), it devotes specific attention to the Levites, their numbers and duties (iii., iv.). Then follow laws for the exclusion of the unclean, v. 1-4, for determining the manner and amount of restitution
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Numbers 30:9
"Any vow or obligation taken by a widow or divorced woman will be binding on her.

Numbers 30:11
and her husband hears about it but says nothing to her and does not forbid her, then all her vows or the pledges by which she obligated herself will stand.

1 Samuel 1:23
"Do what seems best to you," her husband Elkanah told her. "Stay here until you have weaned him; only may the LORD make good his word." So the woman stayed at home and nursed her son until she had weaned him.

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