Numbers 30:2
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When a man makes a vow to the LORD or takes an oath to obligate himself by a pledge, he must not break his word but must do everything he said.

King James Bible
If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.

Darby Bible Translation
If a man vow a vow to Jehovah, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his word; according to all that hath gone out of his mouth shall he do.

World English Bible
When a man vows a vow to Yahweh, or swears an oath to bind his soul with a bond, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.

Young's Literal Translation
'When a man voweth a vow to Jehovah, or hath sworn an oath to bind a bond on his soul, he doth not pollute his word; according to all that is going out from his mouth he doth.

Numbers 30:2 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

If a man vow a vow - A vow is a religious promise made to God. Vows were of several kinds: -

1. Of abstinence or humiliation, see Numbers 30:13;

2. Of the Nazarite, see Numbers 6;

3. Of giving certain things or sacrifices to the Lord, Leviticus 7:16;

4. Of alms given to the poor, see Deuteronomy 23:21.

The law in this chapter must have been very useful, as it both prevented and annulled rash vows, and provided a proper sanction for the support and performance of those that were rationally and piously made. Besides, this law must have acted as a great preventive of lying and hypocrisy. If a vow was properly made, a man or woman was bound, under penalty of the displeasure of God, to fulfill it.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

if a man. The preceding chapters had treated of sacrifices required by law; and in the laws here delivered in respect to vows must have been very useful, as they both prevented and annulled rash vows, and provided a proper sanction for the support and performance of those which were rationally made, and which were made to the Lord. vow a vow

Numbers 21:2 And Israel vowed a vow to the LORD, and said, If you will indeed deliver this people into my hand...

Genesis 28:20-22 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat...

Leviticus 27:2 Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, When a man shall make a singular vow...

Deuteronomy 23:21,22 When you shall vow a vow to the LORD your God, you shall not slack to pay it: for the LORD your God will surely require it of you...

Judges 11:11,30,31,35,36 Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and captain over them...

Psalm 15:3 He that backbites not with his tongue, nor does evil to his neighbor, nor takes up a reproach against his neighbor.

Psalm 56:12 Your vows are on me, O God: I will render praises to you.

Psalm 76:11 Vow, and pay to the LORD your God: let all that be round about him bring presents to him that ought to be feared.

Psalm 119:106 I have sworn, and I will perform it, that I will keep your righteous judgments.

Proverbs 20:25 It is a snare to the man who devours that which is holy, and after vows to make enquiry.

swear

Exodus 20:7 You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that takes his name in vain.

Leviticus 5:4 Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath...

Matthew 5:33,34 Again, you have heard that it has been said by them of old time, You shall not forswear yourself...

Matthew 14:7-9 Whereupon he promised with an oath to give her whatever she would ask...

Acts 23:12 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse...

2 Corinthians 1:23 Moreover I call God for a record on my soul, that to spare you I came not as yet to Corinth.

2 Corinthians 9:9-11 (As it is written, He has dispersed abroad; he has given to the poor: his righteousness remains for ever...

to bind

Numbers 30:3,4,10 If a woman also vow a vow to the LORD, and bind herself by a bond, being in her father's house in her youth...

Matthew 23:16,18 Woe to you, you blind guides, which say, Whoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing...

Acts 23:12,14,21 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse...

break. Heb. profane

Psalm 55:20 He has put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he has broken his covenant.

he shall do

Job 22:27 You shall make your prayer to him, and he shall hear you, and you shall pay your vows.

Psalm 22:25 My praise shall be of you in the great congregation: I will pay my vows before them that fear him.

Psalm 50:14 Offer to God thanksgiving; and pay your vows to the most High:

Psalm 66:13,14 I will go into your house with burnt offerings: I will pay you my vows...

Psalm 116:14,18 I will pay my vows to the LORD now in the presence of all his people...

Ecclesiastes 5:4,5 When you vow a vow to God, defer not to pay it; for he has no pleasure in fools: pay that which you have vowed...

Nahum 1:15 Behold on the mountains the feet of him that brings good tidings, that publishes peace! O Judah, keep your solemn feasts...

Library
Covenanting Confers Obligation.
As it has been shown that all duty, and that alone, ought to be vowed to God in covenant, it is manifest that what is lawfully engaged to in swearing by the name of God is enjoined in the moral law, and, because of the authority of that law, ought to be performed as a duty. But it is now to be proved that what is promised to God by vow or oath, ought to be performed also because of the act of Covenanting. The performance of that exercise is commanded, and the same law which enjoins that the duties
John Cunningham—The Ordinance of Covenanting

Numbers
Like the last part of Exodus, and the whole of Leviticus, the first part of Numbers, i.-x. 28--so called,[1] rather inappropriately, from the census in i., iii., (iv.), xxvi.--is unmistakably priestly in its interests and language. Beginning with a census of the men of war (i.) and the order of the camp (ii.), it devotes specific attention to the Levites, their numbers and duties (iii., iv.). Then follow laws for the exclusion of the unclean, v. 1-4, for determining the manner and amount of restitution
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Matthew 5:33
"Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not break your oath, but fulfill to the Lord the vows you have made.'

Numbers 30:3
"When a young woman still living in her father's household makes a vow to the LORD or obligates herself by a pledge

Numbers 32:24
Build cities for your women and children, and pens for your flocks, but do what you have promised."

Deuteronomy 23:21
If you make a vow to the LORD your God, do not be slow to pay it, for the LORD your God will certainly demand it of you and you will be guilty of sin.

Judges 11:35
When he saw her, he tore his clothes and cried, "Oh no, my daughter! You have brought me down and I am devastated. I have made a vow to the LORD that I cannot break."

Judges 11:36
"My father," she replied, "you have given your word to the LORD. Do to me just as you promised, now that the LORD has avenged you of your enemies, the Ammonites.

Psalm 50:14
"Sacrifice thank offerings to God, fulfill your vows to the Most High,

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