Numbers 31:7
Parallel Verses
New International Version
They fought against Midian, as the LORD commanded Moses, and killed every man.

King James Bible
And they warred against the Midianites, as the LORD commanded Moses; and they slew all the males.

Darby Bible Translation
And they warred against Midian, as Jehovah had commanded Moses, and slew all the males.

World English Bible
They warred against Midian, as Yahweh commanded Moses; and they killed every male.

Young's Literal Translation
And they war against Midian, as Jehovah hath commanded Moses, and slay every male;

Numbers 31:7 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

A thousand of every tribe - Twelve thousand men in the whole. And Phinehas, the son of Eleazar; some think he was made general in this expedition, but this is not likely. The ark and its contents must proceed to this battle, because the battle was the Lord's, and he dwelt between the cherubim over the ark; and Phinehas, who had before got a grant in the eternal priesthood, was chosen to accompany the ark in place of his father Eleazar, who was probably now too far advanced in years to undergo the fatigue. Who then was general? Joshua, without doubt, though not here mentioned, because the battle being the Lord's, he alone is to have the supreme direction, and all the glory. Besides, it was an extraordinary war, and not conducted on the common principle, for we do not find that peace was offered to the Midianites, and that they refused it; see Deuteronomy 20:10, etc. In such a case only hostilities could lawfully commence; but they were sinners against God; the cup of their iniquity was full, and God thought proper to destroy them. Though a leader there certainly was, and Joshua was probably that leader, yet because God, for the above reason, was considered as commander-in-chief, therefore no one else is mentioned; for it is evident that the sole business of Phinehas was to take care of the holy instruments and to blow with the trumpet.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Deuteronomy 20:13,14 And when the LORD your God has delivered it into your hands, you shall smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword...

Judges 21:11 And this is the thing that you shall do, You shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman that has lain by man.

1 Samuel 27:9 And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the donkeys, and the camels...

1 Kings 11:15,16 For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Joab the captain of the host was gone up to bury the slain...

the male

Judges 6:1,2,33 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years...

Like the last part of Exodus, and the whole of Leviticus, the first part of Numbers, i.-x. 28--so called,[1] rather inappropriately, from the census in i., iii., (iv.), xxvi.--is unmistakably priestly in its interests and language. Beginning with a census of the men of war (i.) and the order of the camp (ii.), it devotes specific attention to the Levites, their numbers and duties (iii., iv.). Then follow laws for the exclusion of the unclean, v. 1-4, for determining the manner and amount of restitution
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Deuteronomy 20:13
When the LORD your God delivers it into your hand, put to the sword all the men in it.

Judges 21:11
"This is what you are to do," they said. "Kill every male and every woman who is not a virgin."

1 Kings 11:15
Earlier when David was fighting with Edom, Joab the commander of the army, who had gone up to bury the dead, had struck down all the men in Edom.

1 Kings 11:16
Joab and all the Israelites stayed there for six months, until they had destroyed all the men in Edom.

Habakkuk 3:7
I saw the tents of Cushan in distress, the dwellings of Midian in anguish.

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