Philippians 2:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
for it is God who works in you to will and to act in order to fulfill his good purpose.

King James Bible
For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.

Darby Bible Translation
for it is God who works in you both the willing and the working according to [his] good pleasure.

World English Bible
For it is God who works in you both to will and to work, for his good pleasure.

Young's Literal Translation
for God it is who is working in you both to will and to work for His good pleasure.

Philippians 2:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

For it is God which worketh in you - Every holy purpose, pious resolution, good word, and good work, must come from him; ye must be workers together with him, that ye receive not his grace in vain; because he worketh in you, therefore work with him, and work out your own salvation.

To will and to do - Το θελειν και το ενεργειν. The power to will and the power to act must necessarily come from God, who is the author both of the soul and body, and of all their powers and energies, but the act of volition and the act of working come from the man. God gives power to will, man wills through that power; God gives power to act, and man acts through that power. Without the power to will, man can will nothing; without the power to work, man can do nothing. God neither wills for man, nor works in man's stead, but he furnishes him with power to do both; he is therefore accountable to God for these powers.

Because God works in them the power to will and the power to do, therefore the apostle exhorts them to work out their own salvation; most manifestly showing that the use of the powers of volition and action belongs to themselves. They cannot do God's work, they cannot produce in themselves a power to will and to do; and God will not do their work, he will not work out their salvation with fear and trembling.

Though men have grievously puzzled themselves with questions relative to the will and power of the human being; yet no case can be plainer than that which the apostle lays down here: the power to will and do comes from God; the use of that power belongs to man. He that has not got this power can neither will nor work; he that has this power can do both. But it does not necessarily follow that he who has these powers will use them; the possession of the powers does not necessarily imply the use of those powers, because a man might have them, and not use or abuse them; therefore the apostle exhorts: Work out your own salvation.

This is a general exhortation; it may be applied to all men, for to all it is applicable, there not being a rational being on the face of the earth, who has not from God both power to will and act in the things which concern his salvation. Hence the accountableness of man.

Of his good pleasure - Every good is freely given of God; no man deserves any thing from him; and as it pleaseth him, so he deals out to men those measures of mental and corporeal energy which he sees to be necessary; giving to some more, to others less, but to all what is sufficient for their salvation.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

God.

2 Chronicles 30:12 Also in Judah the hand of God was to give them one heart to do the commandment of the king and of the princes, by the word of the LORD.

Isaiah 26:12 LORD, you will ordain peace for us: for you also have worked all our works in us.

Jeremiah 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, said the LORD...

Jeremiah 32:38 And they shall be my people, and I will be their God:

John 3:27 John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven.

Acts 11:21 And the hand of the Lord was with them: and a great number believed, and turned to the Lord.

2 Corinthians 3:5 Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves; but our sufficiency is of God;

Hebrews 13:21 Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ...

James 1:16-18 Do not err, my beloved brothers...

to will.

1 Kings 8:58 That he may incline our hearts to him, to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and his statutes, and his judgments...

1 Chronicles 29:14-18 But who am I, and what is my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly after this sort? for all things come of you...

Ezra 1:1,5 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled...

Ezra 7:27 Blessed be the LORD God of our fathers, which has put such a thing as this in the king's heart...

Nehemiah 2:4 Then the king said to me, For what do you make request? So I prayed to the God of heaven.

Psalm 110:3 Your people shall be willing in the day of your power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning...

Psalm 119:36 Incline my heart to your testimonies, and not to covetousness.

Psalm 141:4 Incline not my heart to any evil thing, to practice wicked works with men that work iniquity: and let me not eat of their dainties.

Proverbs 21:1 The king's heart is in the hand of the LORD, as the rivers of water: he turns it wherever he will.

John 6:45,65 It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that has heard, and has learned of the Father...

Ephesians 2:4,5 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love with which he loved us...

2 Thessalonians 2:13,14 But we are bound to give thanks always to God for you, brothers beloved of the Lord...

Titus 3:4,5 But after that the kindness and love of God our Savior toward man appeared...

1 Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ...

good.

Luke 12:32 Fear not, little flock; for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.

Romans 9:11,16 (For the children being not yet born, neither having done any good or evil, that the purpose of God according to election might stand...

Ephesians 1:5,9,11 Having predestinated us to the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will...

Ephesians 2:8 For by grace are you saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:

2 Thessalonians 1:11 Why also we pray always for you, that our God would count you worthy of this calling, and fulfill all the good pleasure of his goodness...

2 Timothy 1:9 Who has saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace...

Library
Notes on the Second Century
Page 94. Line 9. The Book of ---- The reference here is to the apocryphal Wisdom of Solomon xiii. 1-5. Page 104. Med. 33. As originally written this Meditation commenced thus: Whether the sufferings of an. Angel would have been meritorious or no I will not dispute: but'---- And the following sentence, which comes after the first, has also been crossedout: So that it was an honour and no injury to be called to it: And so great an honour that it was an ornament to God himself, and an honour even to
Thomas Traherne—Centuries of Meditations

July 11. "For it is God which Worketh in You" (Phil. Ii. 13).
"For it is God which worketh in you" (Phil. ii. 13). A day with Jesus. Let us seek its plan and direction from Him. Let us take His highest thought and will for us in it. Let us look to Him for our desires, ideals, expectations in it. Then shall it bring to us exceeding abundantly above all that we can ask or think. Let Him be our Guide and Way. Let us not so much be thinking even of His plan and way as of Him as the Personal Guide of every moment, on whom we constantly depend to lead our every step.
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Copies of Jesus
'Do all things without murmurings and disputings; 15. That ye may be blameless and harmless, children of God without blemish in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, among whom ye are seen as lights in the world, 16. Holding forth the word of life.'--PHIL. ii. 14-16 (R.V.). We are told by some superfine modern moralists, that to regard one's own salvation as the great work of our lives is a kind of selfishness, and no doubt there may be a colour of truth in the charge. At least the meaning
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Paul and Timothy
'But I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy shortly unto you, that I also may be of good comfort, when I know your state. 20. For I have no man like-minded, who will care truly for your state. 21. For they all seek their own, not the things of Jesus Christ. 22. But ye know the proof of him, that, as a child serveth a father, so he served with me in furtherance of the gospel. 23. Him therefore I hope to send forthwith, so soon as I shall see how it will go with me: 24. But I trust in the Lord that
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
2 Chronicles 30:12
Also in Judah the hand of God was on the people to give them unity of mind to carry out what the king and his officials had ordered, following the word of the LORD.

Job 33:29
"God does all these things to a person-- twice, even three times--

Luke 2:14
"Glory to God in the highest heaven, and on earth peace to those on whom his favor rests."

Romans 12:3
For by the grace given me I say to every one of you: Do not think of yourself more highly than you ought, but rather think of yourself with sober judgment, in accordance with the faith God has distributed to each of you.

1 Corinthians 12:6
There are different kinds of working, but in all of them and in everyone it is the same God at work.

1 Corinthians 15:10
But by the grace of God I am what I am, and his grace to me was not without effect. No, I worked harder than all of them--yet not I, but the grace of God that was with me.

Ephesians 1:5
he predestined us for adoption to sonship through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will--

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