Proverbs 18:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
To answer before listening-- that is folly and shame.

King James Bible
He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him.

Darby Bible Translation
He that giveth answer before he heareth, it is folly and shame unto him.

World English Bible
He who gives answer before he hears, that is folly and shame to him.

Young's Literal Translation
Whoso is answering a matter before he heareth, Folly it is to him and shame.

Proverbs 18:13 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

He that answereth a matter - This is a common case; before a man can tell out his story, another will begin his. Before a man has made his response, the other wishes to confute piecemeal, though he has had his own speech already. This is foolishness to them. They are ill-bred. There are many also that give judgment before they hear the whole of the cause, and express an opinion before they hear the state of the case. How absurd, stupid, and foolish!

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

that

Deuteronomy 13:14 Then shall you inquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and the thing certain...

2 Samuel 16:4 Then said the king to Ziba, Behold, your are all that pertained to Mephibosheth. And Ziba said...

2 Samuel 19:24-30 And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard...

Esther 3:10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it to Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy.

Esther 8:5 And said, If it please the king, and if I have favor in his sight, and the thing seem right before the king...

Job 29:16 I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out.

Daniel 6:9,14 Why king Darius signed the writing and the decree...

John 7:51 Does our law judge any man, before it hear him, and know what he does?

answereth a matter; returneth a word.

Library
Two Fortresses
'The name of the Lord is a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe. 11. The rich man's wealth is his strong city, and as an high wall in his own conceit'--PROVERBS xviii. 10,11. The mere reading of these two verses shows that, contrary to the usual rule in the Book of Proverbs, they have a bearing on each other. They are intended to suggest a very strong contrast, and that contrast is even more emphatic in the original than in our translation; because, as the margin of your Bibles
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Cause and Cure of a Wounded Spirit
A sermon (2494) intended for reading on Lord's Day, December 6th, 1896, delivered by C. H. Spurgeon at the Metropolitan Tabernacle, Newington on Thursday Evening, April 16th, 1885. "The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?"--Proverbs 18:14. Every man sooner or later has some kind of infirmity to bear. It may be that his constitution from the very first will be inclined to certain disease and pains, or possibly he may in passing through life suffer from accident
C.H. Spurgeon—Sermons on Proverbs

"And if Christ be in You, the Body is Dead Because of Sin: but the Spirit is Life Because of Righteousness. "
Rom. viii. 10.--"And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin: but the Spirit is life because of righteousness." "The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law," saith our apostle, 1 Cor. xv. 56. These two concur to make man mortal, and these two are the bitter ingredients of death. Sin procured it, and the law appointed it, and God hath seen to the exact execution of that law in all ages; for what man liveth and shall not taste of death? Two only escaped the common
Hugh Binning—The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning

Commerce
The remarkable change which we have noticed in the views of Jewish authorities, from contempt to almost affectation of manual labour, could certainly not have been arbitrary. But as we fail to discover here any religious motive, we can only account for it on the score of altered political and social circumstances. So long as the people were, at least nominally, independent, and in possession of their own land, constant engagement in a trade would probably mark an inferior social stage, and imply
Alfred Edersheim—Sketches of Jewish Social Life

Cross References
John 7:51
"Does our law condemn a man without first hearing him to find out what he has been doing?"

Proverbs 20:25
It is a trap to dedicate something rashly and only later to consider one's vows.

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