Proverbs 20:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Wine is a mocker and beer a brawler; whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

King James Bible
Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.

Darby Bible Translation
Wine is a scorner, strong drink is raging; and whoso erreth thereby is not wise.

World English Bible
Wine is a mocker, and beer is a brawler. Whoever is led astray by them is not wise.

Young's Literal Translation
Wine is a scorner -- strong drink is noisy, And any going astray in it is not wise.

Proverbs 20:1 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Wine is a mocker - It deceives by its fragrance, intoxicates by its strength, and renders the intoxicated ridiculous.

Strong drink - שכר shechar, any strong fermented liquor, whether of the vine, date, or palm species.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Genesis 9:21 He drank of the wine and became drunk, and uncovered himself inside his tent.

Proverbs 23:29 Who has woe? Who has sorrow? Who has contentions? Who has complaining? Who has wounds without cause? Who has redness of eyes?

Proverbs 23:30 Those who linger long over wine, Those who go to taste mixed wine.

Proverbs 31:4 It is not for kings, O Lemuel, It is not for kings to drink wine, Or for rulers to desire strong drink,

Isaiah 5:22 Woe to those who are heroes in drinking wine And valiant men in mixing strong drink,

Isaiah 28:7 And these also reel with wine and stagger from strong drink: The priest and the prophet reel with strong drink, They are confused by wine, they stagger from strong drink; They reel while having visions, They totter when rendering judgment.

Isaiah 56:12 "Come, " they say, "let us get wine, and let us drink heavily of strong drink; And tomorrow will be like today, only more so."

Hosea 4:11 Harlotry, wine and new wine take away the understanding.

Bread and Gravel
'"Bread of deceit" is sweet to a man; but afterwards his mouth shall be filled with gravel.'--PROVERBS xx. 17. 'Bread of deceit' is a somewhat ambiguous phrase, which may mean either of two things, and perhaps means both. It may either mean any good obtained by deceit, or good which deceives in its possession. In the former signification it would appear to have reference primarily to unjustly gotten gain, while in the latter it has a wider meaning and applies to all the worthless treasures and lying
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Sluggard's Reproof
A Sermon (No. 2766) intended for reading on Lord's Day, February 16, 1902 delivered by C.H. Spurgeon at New Park Street Chapel, Southwark on a Thursday Evening, during the Winter of 1859. "The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing." {cold: or, winter}-- Proverbs 20:4. Laziness is the crying sin of Eastern nations. I believe that the peculiar genius of the Anglo-Saxon character prevents our being, as a nation, guilty of that sin. Perhaps
C.H. Spurgeon—Sermons on Proverbs

The Tears of the Penitent.
Adversity had taught David self-restraint, had braced his soul, had driven him to grasp firmly the hand of God. And prosperity had seemed for nearly twenty years but to perfect the lessons. Gratitude had followed deliverance, and the sunshine after the rain had brought out the fragrance of devotion and the blossoms of glad songs. A good man, and still more a man of David's age at the date of his great crime, seldom falls so low, unless there has been previous, perhaps unconscious, relaxation of the
Alexander Maclaren—The Life of David

How the Slothful and the Hasty are to be Admonished.
(Admonition 16.) Differently to be admonished are the slothful and the hasty. For the former are to be persuaded not to lose, by putting it off, the good they have to do; but the latter are to be admonished lest, while they forestall the time of good deeds by inconsiderate haste, they change their meritorious character. To the slothful therefore it is to be intimated, that often, when we will not do at the right time what we can, before long, when we will, we cannot. For the very indolence of
Leo the Great—Writings of Leo the Great

Cross References
Ephesians 5:18
Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit,

Genesis 9:21
When he drank some of its wine, he became drunk and lay uncovered inside his tent.

Leviticus 10:9
"You and your sons are not to drink wine or other fermented drink whenever you go into the tent of meeting, or you will die. This is a lasting ordinance for the generations to come,

1 Samuel 25:36
When Abigail went to Nabal, he was in the house holding a banquet like that of a king. He was in high spirits and very drunk. So she told him nothing at all until daybreak.

2 Samuel 11:13
At David's invitation, he ate and drank with him, and David made him drunk. But in the evening Uriah went out to sleep on his mat among his master's servants; he did not go home.

1 Kings 20:16
They set out at noon while Ben-Hadad and the 32 kings allied with him were in their tents getting drunk.

Proverbs 23:20
Do not join those who drink too much wine or gorge themselves on meat,

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