Proverbs 21:16
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Whoever strays from the path of prudence comes to rest in the company of the dead.

King James Bible
The man that wandereth out of the way of understanding shall remain in the congregation of the dead.

Darby Bible Translation
The man that wandereth out of the way of wisdom shall abide in the congregation of the dead.

World English Bible
The man who wanders out of the way of understanding shall rest in the assembly of the dead.

Young's Literal Translation
A man who is wandering from the way of understanding, In an assembly of Rephaim resteth.

Proverbs 21:16 Parallel
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The man once enlightened, that wandereth out of the way of understanding, in which he had walked, shall remain - have a permanent residence - in the congregation of the dead; רפאים rephaim, the lost; either separate spirits in general, or rather the assembly of separate spirits, which had fallen from primitive rectitude; and shall not be restored to the Divine favor; particularly those sinners who were destroyed by the deluge. This passage intimates that those called rephaim are in a state of conscious existence. It is difficult to assign the true meaning of the word in several places where it occurs: but it seems to mean the state of separate spirits, i.e., of those separated from their bodies, and awaiting the judgment of the great day: but the congregation may also include the fallen angels. My old MS. Bible translates, The man that errith fro the wei of doctrine, in the felowschip of geantis schal wonnen.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Proverbs 13:20 He that walks with wise men shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.

Psalm 125:5 As for such as turn aside to their crooked ways, the LORD shall lead them forth with the workers of iniquity...

Zephaniah 1:6 And them that are turned back from the LORD; and those that have not sought the LORD, nor inquired for him.

John 3:19,20 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light...

Hebrews 6:4-6 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift...

Hebrews 10:26,27,38 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remains no more sacrifice for sins...

2 Peter 2:21,22 For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known it...

1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would no doubt have continued with us...


Proverbs 2:18,19 For her house inclines to death, and her paths to the dead...

Proverbs 7:26,27 For she has cast down many wounded: yes, many strong men have been slain by her...

Proverbs 9:18 But he knows not that the dead are there; and that her guests are in the depths of hell.

Ephesians 2:1 And you has he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;

Jude 1:12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water...

Definition of Actual Grace
1. GENERAL NOTION OF GRACE.--The best way to arrive at a correct definition of actual grace is by the synthetic method. We therefore begin with the general notion of grace. Like "nature,"(3) grace (gratia, {GREEK SMALL LETTER CHI}{GREEK SMALL LETTER ALPHA WITH OXIA}{GREEK SMALL LETTER RHO}{GREEK SMALL LETTER IOTA}{GREEK SMALL LETTER FINAL SIGMA}) is a word of wide reach, used in a great variety of senses. Habert(4) enumerates no less than fourteen; which, however, may be reduced to four. a) Subjectively,
Joseph Pohle—Grace, Actual and Habitual

How the Slothful and the Hasty are to be Admonished.
(Admonition 16.) Differently to be admonished are the slothful and the hasty. For the former are to be persuaded not to lose, by putting it off, the good they have to do; but the latter are to be admonished lest, while they forestall the time of good deeds by inconsiderate haste, they change their meritorious character. To the slothful therefore it is to be intimated, that often, when we will not do at the right time what we can, before long, when we will, we cannot. For the very indolence of
Leo the Great—Writings of Leo the Great

Many specimens of the so-called Wisdom Literature are preserved for us in the book of Proverbs, for its contents are by no means confined to what we call proverbs. The first nine chapters constitute a continuous discourse, almost in the manner of a sermon; and of the last two chapters, ch. xxx. is largely made up of enigmas, and xxxi. is in part a description of the good housewife. All, however, are rightly subsumed under the idea of wisdom, which to the Hebrew had always moral relations. The Hebrew
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Psalm 49:14
They are like sheep and are destined to die; death will be their shepherd (but the upright will prevail over them in the morning). Their forms will decay in the grave, far from their princely mansions.

Proverbs 2:13
who have left the straight paths to walk in dark ways,

Proverbs 11:19
Truly the righteous attain life, but whoever pursues evil finds death.

Ezekiel 18:24
"But if a righteous person turns from their righteousness and commits sin and does the same detestable things the wicked person does, will they live? None of the righteous things that person has done will be remembered. Because of the unfaithfulness they are guilty of and because of the sins they have committed, they will die.

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