New International Version
Do not gloat when your enemy falls; when they stumble, do not let your heart rejoice,
King James Bible
Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth:
Darby Bible Translation
Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thy heart be glad when he stumbleth;
World English Bible
Don't rejoice when your enemy falls. Don't let your heart be glad when he is overthrown;
Young's Literal Translation
In the falling of thine enemy rejoice not, And in his stumbling let not thy heart be joyful,
Proverbs 24:17 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, (into this mischief), and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth - When he meets with any thing that injures him; for God will not have thee to avenge thyself, or feel any disposition contrary to love; for if thou do, the Lord will be angry, and may turn away his wrath from him, and pour it out on thee.
This I believe to be the true sense of these verses: but we must return to the sixteenth, as that has been most sinfully misrepresented.
For a just man falleth seven times - That is, say many, "the most righteous man in the world sins seven times a day on an average." Solomon does not say so: -
1. There is not a word about sin in the text.
2. The word day is not in the Hebrew text, nor in any of the versions.
3. The word יפול yippol, from נפל naphal, to fall, is never applied to sin.
4. When set in opposition to the words riseth up, it merely applies to affliction or calamity. See Micah 7:8; Amos 8:4; Jeremiah 25:27; and Psalm 34:19, Psalm 34:20. "The righteous falls into trouble." See above.
Mr. Holden has a very judicious note on this passage: "Injure not a righteous man; for, though he frequently falls into distress, yet, by the superintending care of Providence, 'he riseth up again,' is delivered from his distress, while the wicked are overwhelmed with their misfortunes. That this is the meaning is plain from the preceding and following verses: yet some expound it by the just man often relapsing into sin, and recovering from it; nay, it has even been adduced to prove the doctrine of the final perseverance of the elect. But נפל is never used for falling into sin, but into distress and affliction - as Proverbs 11:5, Proverbs 11:14; Proverbs 13:17; Proverbs 17:20; Proverbs 26:27; Proverbs 28:10, Proverbs 28:14, Proverbs 28:18."
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
LibraryThe Sluggard's Garden
'I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding; 31. And, lo, it was all grown over with thorns, and nettles had covered the face thereof, and the stone wall thereof was broken down.'--PROVERBS xxiv. 30, 31. This picture of the sluggard's garden seems to be intended as a parable. No doubt its direct simple meaning is full of homely wisdom in full accord with the whole tone of the Book of Proverbs; but we shall scarcely do justice to this saying of the wise …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
Epistle xxxvi. To Maximus, Bishop of Salona .
A Treatise on Good Works
2 Samuel 3:32
They buried Abner in Hebron, and the king wept aloud at Abner's tomb. All the people wept also.
"If I have rejoiced at my enemy's misfortune or gloated over the trouble that came to him--
But when I stumbled, they gathered in glee; assailants gathered against me without my knowledge. They slandered me without ceasing.
Do not let those gloat over me who are my enemies without cause; do not let those who hate me without reason maliciously wink the eye.
Whoever mocks the poor shows contempt for their Maker; whoever gloats over disaster will not go unpunished.
or the LORD will see and disapprove and turn his wrath away from them.
You should not gloat over your brother in the day of his misfortune, nor rejoice over the people of Judah in the day of their destruction, nor boast so much in the day of their trouble.
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